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National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day

March 10, 2011


March 10, 2011, is the sixth annual observance of National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day. The purpose of this annual observance is to increase awareness of HIV/AIDS among women and girls.

According to the 2009 HIV Surveillance Report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in the 40 states with confidential name-based HIV reporting, females accounted for 24% of all diagnoses of HIV infection and 25% of all diagnoses of AIDS in 2009. From 2006 through 2009, the rate of females newly diagnosed with HIV decreased and the rate of females newly diagnosed with AIDS decreased.

Each year, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of AIDS Research (OAR) develops a Trans-NIH Plan for HIV-Related Research. The “Reducing HIV-Related Disparities” section of the 2011 Plan includes the following goals related to research on HIV in women and girls:

  • Examine the biologic determinants of HIV transmission and define the mechanisms by which immune factors influence HIV transmission, acquisition, and resistance to infection in nonpregnant and pregnant women and girls
  • Conduct and support research on preventing HIV and other sexually transmitted infection (STI) transmission, acquisition, and resistance to treatment in pregnant and nonpregnant, HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected women and girls
  • Study the biology of HIV infection in pregnant and nonpregnant women and girls across the life cycle, including the viral life cycle, disease progression, clinical manifestations, coinfections, sexual dimorphism, and other conditions 
  • Conduct research on the diagnosis, care, and treatment of HIV-infected women and girls during all stages of life, with a particular emphasis on vulnerable and marginalized populations, including adolescents and racial and ethnic minorities
  • Conduct and support research, training, and education on ethical issues that affect the access to and participation of women and girls in HIV/AIDS-related research
The links on this page provide information about National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day and resources about HIV prevention, treatment, and research, including information specifically related to women and girls.  
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HIV/AIDS-Related Research and Statistics for Women and Girls


FY 2011 Trans-NIH Plan for HIV-Related Research: Comprehensive plan for all NIH HIV-related research for 2011, from OAR, NIH. The “Reducing HIV-Related Disparities” section of the plan includes research related to specific populations, including women and girls. The “Reducing New Infections” section of the plan includes information on microbicides research.

Clinical Trials about HIV/AIDS: Studies seeking volunteers to participate in clinical research, provided by the AIDSinfo clinical trial search.

Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT): Information and clinical trials pertaining to this important area of HIV prevention research focused on women.

Microbicides: Information and clinical trials related to this key area of HIV prevention research focused on women.

Published Literature about HIV/AIDS and Women: Research results published in the last year pertaining to HIV/AIDS and women, from PubMed.gov.

HIV Infection in Women: Information on women-focused HIV/AIDS research, from NIAID.

Women and HIV/AIDS Research and Clinical Trial Information: A summary of research involving HIV/AIDS and women and girls, from the Office on Women’s Health.

HIV Surveillance in Women: Slide set detailing rates of HIV and AIDS diagnoses in women, from CDC.

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HIV/AIDS Resources for Women and Girls


Women's Health Resources—HIV/AIDS: Links to information and resources pertaining to HIV/AIDS for women and girls, from the National Library of Medicine (NLM).

NLM HIV/AIDS Portal: Links to information and resources related to HIV/AIDS and women, from NLM.

HIV/AIDS Health Topics for Women: Links to government resources about HIV/AIDS specifically for women, from AIDSinfo.

HIV/AIDS and Women: Information on HIV/AIDS and women, including statistics and prevention information, from CDC.

Women and HIV/AIDS: Information on HIV/AIDS for women, including information about prevention and treatment, from the Office on Women’s Health.

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AIDSinfo Resources


AIDSinfo and its Spanish-language companion Web site, infoSIDA, provide HIV/AIDS treatment and research information in both English and Spanish:

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