Clinical Trials


A Study of Two Adherence Plans to Help HIV-Positive Patients Take Their Medications Correctly

This study has been completed
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Information provided by (Responsible Party)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier

First received: January 17, 2000
Last updated: September 28, 2013
Last Verified: September 2013
History of Changes


The purpose of this study is to look at different ways to help patients follow their anti-HIV medication schedules.

It is very important that HIV-positive patients take their anti-HIV medications correctly so they get the best possible benefit from them. Taking the drugs correctly, called "adherence," may keep HIV virus levels in the blood (viral load) low for a longer time. However, anti-HIV medication schedules are often complicated, and many patients have difficulty remembering to take their drugs at the correct time. This study will look at 2 different ways to teach patients about the importance of taking their medications correctly and to remind them when to take their medications.

Condition Intervention
HIV Infections

Device : Electronic Medication Reminder System
Behavioral : Medication Manager

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Adherence Strategies Using a Medication Manager and an Electronic Medication Reminder System for HIV-Infected Patients Receiving HAART

Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Enrollment: 1248
Study Completion Date: June 2003

Detailed Description:

Adherence to antiretroviral (AR) therapy has become increasingly important in the management of HIV infection. Adherence to AR regimens is thought to be a critical factor in maintaining therapeutic drug levels, thus helping ensure viral suppression and minimizing the risk of drug resistance. However, AR regimens are often complex with demanding dosing schedules. Patients often miss doses because they simply forget; other factors such as substance abuse, depression, and low literacy levels also contribute to nonadherence. Adherence is influenced not only by individual behavior but also by the services, the quality of the patient-provider relationship, and the amount of social support offered the patient. There is no currently agreed upon, widely used, and generalizable intervention for improving adherence over the long course of HIV therapy. This study provides a long-term comparative evaluation of two interventions.
Clinical sites, rather than individual patients, are randomized to one of four groups: a medication manager, an electronic medication reminder system, a medication manager plus an electronic medication reminder system, or usual care. Special training sessions are held for the staff of participating units assigned to medication manager and/or electronic medication reminder system interventions. The medication manager is a research staff member who works individually with study patients, addressing the knowledge, motivation, and skills necessary for adherence. The electronic medication reminder system is ALR (A Little Reminder). This is a small, portable alarm that is programmed to sound and flash at the times of the patient's scheduled AR medication doses. Patients enrolling into either the FIRST or MDR-HIV study at clinical sites authorized to carry out this study are offered the option of participating in the adherence intervention to which the clinical site has been randomly assigned. Data collected through the FIRST and the MDR-HIV protocols are used to address the Adherence study objectives. Patients on the FIRST protocol are assessed for time to first plasma HIV-RNA level above 2,000 copies/ml. Also, patients on the FIRST and MDR-HIV studies are assessed for changes in viral load, resistance, CD4 cell counts, adherence, and other factors.



Ages Eligible for Study: Child, Adult, Senior  
Sexes Eligible for Study: All  
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No  


Inclusion Criteria
Patients may be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are enrolling in a qualifying CPCRA AR therapeutic study. Currently, the FIRST and MDR-HIV studies are the only qualifying protocols.

  • Exclusion Criteria
    Patients will not be eligible for this study if they:
  • Are enrolling at a clinic site that is unable to participate in this study for some

contacts and locations

Contacts and Locations

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision.Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below.For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00001129


United States, California
Community Consortium / UCSF
San Francisco, California, United States, 94110
Virginia Cafaro M.D.
San Francisco, California, United States, 94110
United States, Colorado
Denver CPCRA / Denver Public Hlth
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80204
Univ Hosp Infectious Diseases Clinic
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80204
United States, Connecticut
Yale Univ School of Medicine / AIDS Program
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06510
United States, District of Columbia
Washington Reg AIDS Prog / Dept of Infect Dis
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20422
United States, Georgia
AIDS Research Consortium of Atlanta
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30308
United States, Illinois
AIDS Research Alliance - Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60657
United States, Louisiana
Louisiana Comm AIDS Rsch Prog / Tulane Univ Med
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
United States, Michigan
Wayne State Univ - WSU/DMC / Univ Hlth Ctr
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
Henry Ford Hosp
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
United States, New Jersey
Southern New Jersey AIDS Clinical Trials
Camden, New Jersey, United States, 08103
North Jersey Community Research Initiative
Newark, New Jersey, United States, 07103
United States, New Mexico
Partners in Research / New Mexico
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87131
United States, New York
Bronx-Lebanon Hosp Ctr
Bronx, New York, United States, 10453
Harlem AIDS Treatment Grp / Harlem Hosp Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10037
United States, Oregon
The Research and Education Group
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97210
United States, Pennsylvania
Philadelphia FIGHT
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
United States, Texas
Univ TX Health Science Ctr
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Virginia
Richmond AIDS Consortium / Div of Infect Diseases
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23298

Sponsors and Collaborators

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)


Study Chair: Sharon Mannheimer
Study Chair: Edward Morse
More Information

More Information

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00001129   History of Changes  
Other Study ID Numbers: CPCRA 062  
Study First Received: January 17, 2000  
Last Updated: September 28, 2013  

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Drug Therapy, Combination
RNA, Viral
Patient Compliance
Anti-HIV Agents
Viral Load
Reminder Systems
Treatment Experienced
Treatment Naive

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections processed this data on March 27, 2020
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