Clinical Trials


Safety and Tolerance of Indinavir Plus Ritonavir in HIV-Positive Patients Failing Therapy With Amprenavir, Nelfinavir, or Saquinavir

This study has been completed
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Information provided by (Responsible Party)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier

First received: January 17, 2000
Last updated: May 21, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012
History of Changes


In this study, the protease inhibitors indinavir (IDV) and ritonavir (RTV) will be studied in patients who have high levels of virus while taking other protease inhibitors. The purpose of this study is to see how the body takes in, distributes, and gets rid of IDV and RTV. This study will also look at any side effects that IDV or RTV causes.

IDV is an effective anti-HIV drug, but it can be difficult for patients to take. For IDV to work against HIV, it must be taken 3 times a day at a high dose and with a certain diet. Doctors believe IDV may be easier to take if it is given with RTV. Patients who take IDV and RTV together may be able to take IDV only twice a day and at a lower dose. This study will gather information about the safety and side effects of using IDV and RTV together.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections

Drug : Indinavir sulfate
Drug : Ritonavir
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II, Randomized, Open-Label Study of the Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Indinavir + Ritonavir Therapy in HIV-Infected Subjects Failing Amprenavir, Nelfinavir, Saquinavir, or Nelfinavir/Saquinavir Combination Therapy

Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Enrollment: 50
Study Completion Date: August 2006

Detailed Description:

IDV, a protease inhibitor, has shown excellent clinical and virologic responses when combined with 2 nucleoside analogues. Although effective, the pharmacokinetics of IDV make it difficult to use in many patients. The drug has a short half-life and requires administration in high doses every 8 hours with significant dietary restrictions. Research has shown that IDV kinetics can be improved significantly by the addition of RTV, allowing for administration of IDV at lower doses every 12 hours. The half-life of IDV is prolonged 3- to 5-fold when administered with RTV. Based on these results, it is reasonable to study this combination as a twice-daily dosing regimen.
Patients are randomized to receive 1 of 2 doses of IDV/RTV for 24 weeks (Arms A and B). All patients also receive 2 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). The NRTIs are not provided by the study. Clinical assessments take place at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24 which includes a virology assessment. [AS PER AMENDMENT 4/21/00: Patients who experience a confirmed virologic failure (defined in protocol) and elect to remain on study treatment, are followed through Week 24. Patients who experience a confirmed virologic failure and elect to discontinue study treatment will have a final evaluation at the time of treatment discontinuation.] Patients are hospitalized for 12 hours at the Week 2 study visit for an intensive pharmacokinetic analysis.



Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years and older  
Sexes Eligible for Study: All  
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No  


Inclusion Criteria
Patients may be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Are at least 18 years old.
  • Have a viral load (level of HIV in the blood) of at least 500 copies/ml but no more than 100,000 copies/ml within 45 days of study entry.
  • Have been taking the following anti-HIV drug combination for at least 12 weeks before study entry: 2 NRTIs plus amprenavir (APV), nelfinavir (NFV), saquinavir (SQV), or NFV plus SQV.
  • Are naive to at least 1 NRTI. This means that there is at least 1 NRTI that the patient has not taken for more than 14 days. In the case of lamivudine (3TC), naive means that the patient has never taken this drug.
  • Are willing and able to drink 1.5 liters (a little over 1.5 quarts) of water or other fluids a day.
  • Agree to use an effective barrier method of birth control (such as condoms) during the study and for 3 months after.

  • Exclusion Criteria
    Patients will not be eligible for this study if they:
  • Have taken protease inhibitors other than APV, NFV, SQV, or NFV plus SQV.
  • Are resistant to the effects of IDV or RTV, as shown by a blood test. (Patients whose viral load is between 500 and 1,000 copies/ml will not need to be tested.)
  • Have any active opportunistic (AIDS-related) infection in the 14 days before study entry.
  • Have any medical condition or history of disease that would prevent them from completing the study or put them at risk.
  • Have cancer that requires chemotherapy.
  • Have an active infection that requires treatment in the 14 days before study entry.
  • Have a fever for a week or more in the 30 days before study entry.
  • Have taken nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) in the 30 days before study entry.
  • Have received a vaccine in the 21 days before study entry.
  • Have received an experimental drug or a drug that affects the immune system in the 30 days before study entry.
  • Have taken or plan to take certain other medications that may affect the study.
  • Are pregnant or breast-feeding.

contacts and locations

Contacts and Locations

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision.Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below.For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00001133


United States, Alabama
Alabama Therapeutics CRS
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, California
Los Angeles, California, United States, 900331079
Ucsf Aids Crs
San Francisco, California, United States, 94110
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins Adult AIDS CRS
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, New York
New York, New York, United States, 10016
United States, Ohio
Univ. of Cincinnati CRS
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 452670405
United States, Pennsylvania
Pitt CRS
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213

Sponsors and Collaborators

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)


Study Chair: John G. Gerber
Study Chair: Edward P. Acosta
More Information

More Information

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00001133   History of Changes  
Other Study ID Numbers: A5055  
  ACTG A5055  
  AACTG A5055  
Study First Received: January 17, 2000  
Last Updated: May 21, 2012  

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Drug Therapy, Combination
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Anti-HIV Agents
Treatment Experienced

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Amprenavir processed this data on March 27, 2020
This information is provided by