Clinical Trials


Adding New Drugs for HIV Infected Patients Failing Current Therapy

This study has been completed
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Information provided by (Responsible Party)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier

First received: February 20, 2002
Last updated: May 17, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012
History of Changes


Even though powerful anti-HIV drug combinations have been successful in patients with little or no prior anti-HIV therapy, studies have shown that these treatments are less effective in patients who have been treated with nucleoside analogues. This study will test the safety and effectiveness of adding one or two new drugs to a personalized anti-HIV regimen for patients whose previous HIV treatments have failed.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections

Drug : Enfuvirtide
Drug : Amdoxovir
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase I/II Placebo-controlled Study of Amdoxovir (DAPD) Versus Placebo Together With Enfuvirtide (T-20) Plus Optimized Background Therapy for HIV-Infected Subjects Failing Current Therapy

Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Enrollment: 50
Study Completion Date: November 2004

Detailed Description:

Despite the success of potent combination therapies in patients with limited or no prior antiretroviral therapy, clinical experience demonstrates that these regimens are less likely to achieve durable suppression of HIV-1 replication in patients with extensive prior treatment with nucleoside analogues. The response to treatment of patients who have failed multiple previous regimens has been disappointing. Thus, there is an urgent need for new approaches to the treatment of such patients. Recent studies have shown that it is effective to add investigational drugs to optimized background drug regimens that have been selected based on resistance testing. This study will assess the virologic and immunologic activity of amdoxovir (DAPD) versus placebo in combination with enfuvirtide (T-20, or ENF) plus optimized background (OB) antiretroviral therapy for highly treatment-experienced patients.
Patients in this study will continue to take their current (failing) antiretroviral regimen until they are registered to the study. Patients will be randomized to receive DAPD or placebo. Patients will receive DAPD or placebo together with ENF plus an OB regimen containing at least three but not more than five antiretroviral agents. The OB regimen will be selected based on the results of a screening HIV-1 drug resistance test and is expected to remain stable for at least the first 24 weeks of the study. Only ENF and DAPD will be supplied by this study, but they will not be provided to participants beyond the end of the study.
ENF is injected into the abdomen, deltoid, or the anterior aspect of the thigh. Patients will be taught how to self-administer ENF. Medical staff will observe self-injection of the first dose of ENF and at clinic visits scheduled for Weeks 1, 2, and 4. During Week 4, patients will undergo pharmacokinetic testing. This requires that patients come to the clinic for approximately 12 hours so that blood can be tested at different times after taking the study drugs.
After Week 4, there are follow-up visits every 4 weeks until Week 48. Blood work, ophthalmologic exams, and urinalysis are done at all clinic visits, except for Week 1. Participants may continue to receive study treatment beyond Week 24 for up to 48 weeks total, unless they experience a confirmed loss of virologic and immunologic response. Regardless of treatment, all patients are followed for 48 weeks.
In March 2004, participants in this study were unblinded. Participants on DAPD placebo were given the option of discontinuing the placebo and replacing it with an active antiretroviral, if one is available. Participants on active DAPD were given the option of continuing DAPD through Week 48, or discontinuing it and replacing it with another antiretroviral agent. All participants may continue to receive ENF through Week 48.



Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years and older  
Sexes Eligible for Study: All  
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No  


Note: Enrollment into this study was permanently closed on 02/09/04.
Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV infected
  • Taken at least two combination anti-HIV treatments containing three or more drugs. In total, the treatments must have lasted at least 24 months and must have included at least two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), two protease inhibitors (PIs), and one nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI).
  • Failed two previous combination treatments of three or more drugs
  • Viral load of more than 5000 copies/ml on stable (at least 8 weeks) antiretroviral regimen, within 60 days prior to study entry
  • Willing to stay on the current failing anti-HIV treatment until starting study treatment; may have to remain on failing regimen for an additional 60 days after study screening
  • Willing to use acceptable methods of contraception
  • Access to optimized background (OB) regimen drugs
  • Ability to bring OB regimen drugs to screening visit

Exclusion Criteria:
  • Prior use of DAPD or ENF
  • Drug or alcohol use which, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with the study
  • History of any illness that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with study participation
  • Single kidney or history of two or more episodes of kidney stones
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Experimental anti-HIV drug use or use of any agent that acts on the immune system within 60 days prior to entry
  • Active immunization within 21 days prior to study entry
  • Acute therapy for a serious infection or illness
  • Active AIDS-defining opportunistic infection requiring acute treatment
  • Unexplained fever within 7 days prior to study entry
  • Cancer that requires chemotherapy
  • Prior HIV vaccination, except for subunit vaccines that contained only gp120
  • Certain mutations in HIV-1 reverse transcriptase
  • Measurable loss of vision due to lens opacity
  • Posterior subcapsular cataract
  • Cortical cataract of Grade C3 or higher on the Lens Opacities Classification System III (LOCS III) scale
  • Nuclear opalescence Grade NO3 (LOCS III) or higher
  • Best corrected vision worse than 20/200
  • Diabetes mellitus. Gestational diabetes is not excluded.

contacts and locations

Contacts and Locations

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision.Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below.For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00031044


United States, Colorado
Univ of Colorado Health Sciences Ctr
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80262
United States, Florida
Miami University
Miami, Florida, United States
United States, Massachusetts
Harvard (Massachusetts General Hosp)
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Brigham and Womens Hosp
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118
United States, New York
Cornell Univ Med Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Columbia Presbyterian Med Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10032
United States, Ohio
Case Western Reserve Univ
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
MetroHealth Med Ctr
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 441091998
Puerto Rico
Univ of Puerto Rico
San Juan, Puerto Rico, 00936-5067

Sponsors and Collaborators

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)


Study Chair: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD Harvard Medical School
Study Chair: Scott M. Hammer, MD Columbia University
More Information

More Information

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00031044   History of Changes  
Other Study ID Numbers: A5118  
  ACTG A5118  
  AACTG A5118  
Study First Received: February 20, 2002  
Last Updated: May 17, 2012  

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Drug Therapy, Combination
RNA, Viral
Salvage Therapy
Anti-HIV Agents
Viral Load
T-20 Peptide
ABT 378
Treatment Experienced

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
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