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Clinical Trials

MainTitle

Early Antiretroviral Treatment and/or Early Isoniazid Prophylaxis Against Tuberculosis in HIV-infected Adults (ANRS 12136 TEMPRANO) (TEMPRANO)

This study has been completed
Sponsor
French National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis

Collaborator
Gilead Sciences
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Information provided by (Responsible Party)
French National Institute for Health and Medical Research-French National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis (Inserm-ANRS)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier
NCT00495651

First received: July 2, 2007
Last updated: June 1, 2015
Last Verified: June 2015
History of Changes
Purpose

Purpose

The Temprano trial is based on the following assumptions:

  • ART initiation at CD4 counts <800/mm3 could significantly reduce the probability of severe HIV-related morbidity or death in the medium term.
  • Tuberculosis and tuberculosis-related deaths are likely to represent a considerable
proportion of morbidity and mortality among HIV-infected patients with high CD4 counts in sub-Saharan Africa. Therefore, 6-month Isoniazide Prophylaxis for Tuberculosis (IPT) and early ART could enhance each others efficacy.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Tuberculosis

Drug : Antiretroviral medications
Drug : Antiretroviral medications+Isoniazid prophylaxis
Drug : Antiretroviral medications
Drug : Antiretroviral medications+Isoniazid prophylaxis
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Benefits and Risks of Early Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-infected Adults in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire: Randomized Controlled Trial (ANRS 12136 TEMPRANO)

Further study details as provided by French National Institute for Health and Medical Research-French National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis (Inserm-ANRS):

Primary Outcome Measures

  • Death (all-cause), or severe HIV-related disease (AIDS-defining diseases, non-AIDS-defining malignancies, and non-AIDS-defining invasive bacterial diseases) [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
    Severe HIV-related disease are defined as AIDS-defining diseases, non-AIDS- defining malignancies, and non-AIDS-defining invasive bacterial diseases Invasive bacterial diseases are defined as: bacteremia, or bacterial infection of any solid organ or aseptic cavity (eg: pneumonia, pleurisy, meningitis,pyomyositis, pyelonephritis, prostatitis, orchitis, epididymitis, salpingitis, endometritis, endocarditis, cholecystitis, visceral abscesses).
  • prevalence of HIV resistance (ANRS12253 associated study) [ Time Frame: 30 month after ARV initiation ]
Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Grade 3 or 4 clinical events (including cardiovascular, renal and bone disease) and laboratory test results, as defined by the ANRS classification system of drug-related adverse events [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
  • Tuberculosis disease or tuberculosis-related death [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
  • Changes in CD4 counts [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
  • Resistance to antiretroviral medications [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
  • Adherence to treatment [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
  • Individual socio-economic factors [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
  • Quality of life [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
  • Conversions and reversions of repeated QuantiFERON® TB Gold tests between inclusion and month 12 (M12)(ANRS12224 associated study) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  • Cost-effectiveness of each trial arm in the short- and long-term [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
  • Death [ Time Frame: 60 months ]

Enrollment: 2073
Study Start Date: March 2008
Study Completion Date: January 2015
Primary Completion Date: January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: I
Standard of care
Drug: Antiretroviral medications

Antiretroviral medications initiation at any time during the trial if at least one WHO-recommended criterion for starting ART is observed.

Experimental: II
Standard of care+Isoniazid Prophylaxis:
Drug: Antiretroviral medications+Isoniazid prophylaxis
  • Antiretroviral initiation at any time during the trial if at least one 2009 WHO-recommended criterion for starting ART is observed.
  • Isoniazid prophylaxis:300 mg of INH once a day before breakfast for six months, starting one month after study inclusion

Experimental: III
Early Antiretroviral therapy
Drug: Antiretroviral medications

Early ART initiation on the day of inclusion, before reaching the current WHO criteria

Experimental: IV
Early Antiretroviral therapy + Isoniazid prophylaxis
Drug: Antiretroviral medications+Isoniazid prophylaxis
  • Early Antiretroviral medications initiation on the day of inclusion, before reaching the current WHO criteria
  • Isoniazid prophylaxis: 300 mg of INH once a day before breakfast for six months, starting one month after study inclusion

Detailed Description:

- The main individual benefit of very early ART initiation is likely a reduction in early severe AIDS-defining and non-AIDS-defining morbidity. While the diseases that might justify earlier initiation in high-income countries are generally non-infectious (non-AIDS-defining malignancies, renal diseases and cardiovascular diseases), the leading cause of early severe AIDS-defining morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa is tuberculosis and the main causes of severe non-AIDS-defining morbidity are non-invasive bacterial diseases. As a result of poor access to diagnosis and care, some HIV-infected people die from early infectious diseases before reaching current WHO criteria for starting ART.

  • Although the Côte d'Ivoire National Tuberculosis Program (PNLT) does not authorize the use of prophylaxis against tuberculosis, it has allowed the Temprano trial to provide a six-month course of isoniazid (INH) prophylaxis to half of the study subjects. This will allow us to (i) put early ART in perspective with a early 6-month INH prophylaxis use, in a setting where tuberculosis is the first cause of severe HIV-associated morbidity; and (ii) to describe and assess the feasibility of a six-month course of INH prophylaxis among patients with high CD4 counts.
  • Some drug toxicities are immediate but reversible. If early ART is compared to no ART in the short term, these toxicities may demonstrate erroneously that early ART is unfavorable. The risks and benefits of early ART initiation should therefore be evaluated over the long term. In the Temprano trial, we will: (i) follow patients for at least 30 months and analyze the primary outcome at 30 months; (ii) follow some study subjects for 80 months and evaluate the evolution of the ART efficacy / toxicity ratio from month 30 to month 80 as a secondary endpoint, to inform future policies if early ART is found to be beneficial at 30 months.

Main objective: To assess the benefits and risks of starting ART immediately and/or to receive a 6-month IPT among HIV-infected adults with CD4 counts <800mm3 and no criteria for starting ART immediately according to the most recent WHO guidelines.
Location: Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
Methods: randomized 2x2 factorial superiority trial
Main inclusion criteria: (i) HIV-1 or HIV-1+2 infection; (ii) age >18 years; (iii) nadir CD4 count <800/mm3 and no criteria for starting ART immediately according to the most recent WHO guidelines; and (iv) no active tuberculosis.
Trial arms: Arm I: ART initiation according to WHO criteria, at any time during follow-up; Arm II: INH prophylaxis (300 mg/day) for six months and ART initiation according to WHO criteria, at any time during follow-up; Arm III: immediate ART initiation, before reaching the WHO criteria; Arm IV: INH prophylaxis (300 mg/day) for six months and immediate ART initiation, before reaching the WHO criteria.
First-line ART regimens
  • Tenofovir / emtricitabine + efavirenz for all HIV-1-infected men and all HIV-1-infected women who meet the following requirements: on effective contraception and no history of nevirapine use for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT).
  • Tenofovir / emtricitabine + lopinavir / ritonavir for all HIV-1+2-infected patients and all women who do not use effective contraception or who have a history of nevirapine use for PMTCT.

  • Primary endpoint: Death (all-cause), AIDS-defining disease, non-AIDS-defining malignancy, or non-AIDS-defining invasive bacterial disease.
    Main secondary endpoint: Grade 3 or 4 clinical event (including renal and cardiovascular events) or laboratory test result, as defined by the ANRS classification system of drug-related adverse events.
    Final primary analysis: It will be performed once the last patient has reached 30 months of follow-up. Time-dependent analyses will compare the primary outcome : (i) among patients initiating ART immediately (arms III and IV) versus patients initiating ART according to the WHO criteria (arms I and II); (ii) among patients who were prescribed a 6-months (arms II and IV) IPT versus those who were not (arms I and III).
    Intermediate analysis on safety criteria:
  • Toxicity: all-cause mortality. We have not planned to perform any intermediate analyses for this criterion. If the number of observed deaths is higher than anticipated, however, the DSMB may decide to carry one out. In this case, we will adjust the alpha coefficient using the method suggested by Pocock to account for the large variety of available tests.
  • Efficacy: incidence of severe morbidity. Intermediate analysis: We have not planned any intermediate analyses for this criterion. If the number of severe morbidity evens is higher than anticipated once all patients have reached 12 months of follow-up, the DSMB may decide to carry one out. In this case, we will adjust the alpha coefficient using the method suggested by Haybittle-Peto, to account for the large variety of available tests.

    Eligibility

    Eligibility

    Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years and older  
    Sexes Eligible for Study: All  
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No  

    Criteria

    Inclusion Criteria:

    • HIV-1 or HIV-1 + HIV-2 infection
    • Age >18 years
    • No ongoing active tuberculosis
    • Home address in any district of the greater Abidjan area
    • Written informed consent before any clinic visit or laboratory test
    • Clinical and immunologic status:CD4 counts <800/mm3 and no criteria for starting ART according to the most recent WHO guidelines


    Exclusion Criteria:
    • Pregnant or breastfeeding women
    • HIV-2 infection alone
    • Clinical signs suggesting a severe disease (including tuberculosis) that has not yet been diagnosed, such as fever, wasting, diarrhea or unexplained cough (partial list)
    • Previous ART initiation
    • Known severe renal, cardiac or hepatic disease

    contacts and locations

    Contacts and Locations

    Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision.Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below.For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

    Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00495651

    Locations

    Côte D'Ivoire
    Centre de prise en charge de personnes vivant avec le VIH la pierre angulaire
    Abidjan, Côte D'Ivoire
    Centre de Prise en Charge et de Formation ACONDA
    Abidjan, Côte D'Ivoire
    Centre de Suivi des donneurs de sang, Centre National de Transfusion Sanguine
    Abidjan, Côte D'Ivoire
    Centre Intégré de Recherches Biocliniques d'Abidjan
    Abidjan, Côte D'Ivoire
    Centre médico-social El Rapha
    Abidjan, Côte D'Ivoire
    Formation Sanitaire Urbaine Anonkoua Kouté
    Abidjan, Côte D'Ivoire
    Hopital Général Felix Houphouet Boigny
    Abidjan, Côte D'Ivoire
    Service des Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales, CHU de Treichville
    Abidjan, Côte D'Ivoire
    Unité de Soins Ambulatoires et de Conseil, CHU de Treichville
    Abidjan, Côte D'Ivoire

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    French National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis
    Gilead Sciences
    Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

    Investigators

    Principal Investigator: Xavier Anglaret, MD, PhD Université Bordeaux 2
    Principal Investigator: Serge Eholié, MD, MSc, Pr CHU de Treichville, Abidjan
    More Information

    More Information

    Additional Information:

    Related Info

    Additional Information:

    ANRS 12136 Temprano trial website

    Responsible Party: French National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis  
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00495651   History of Changes  
    Other Study ID Numbers: ANRS 12136 TEMPRANO  
    Study First Received: July 2, 2007  
    Last Updated: June 1, 2015  

    Keywords provided by French National Institute for Health and Medical Research-French National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis (Inserm-ANRS):

    HIV
    HAART
    Early Intervention
    Naive patients

    Additional relevant MeSH terms:
    HIV Infections
    Tuberculosis
    Isoniazid

    ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on October 23, 2017
    This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov.