Clinical Trials

MainTitle

Safety and Effect of The HDAC Inhibitor Panobinostat on HIV-1 Expression in Patients on Suppressive HAART (CLEAR)

This study has been completed
Sponsor
University of Aarhus

Collaborator
Massachusetts General Hospital
Monash University
University of Sydney
Novartis
Aarhus University Hospital

Information provided by (Responsible Party)
University of Aarhus
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier
NCT01680094

First received: September 3, 2012
Last updated: February 24, 2014
Last Verified: February 2014
History of Changes
Purpose

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and ability of panobinostat to re-activate HIV transcription in latently infected CD4+ T-cells among HIV-infected patients on stable antiretroviral therapy

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infection

Drug : Panobinostat
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Safety and Efficacy of The Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor Panobinostat for Purging HIV-1 From The Latent Reservoir (CLEAR) Study

Further study details as provided by University of Aarhus:

Primary Outcome Measures

  • Change from baseline in HIV transcription in latently infected CD4+ T-cells as measured by copies of unspliced HIV-RNA in the CD4+ T-cells of HIV-infected patients on suppressive HAART [ Time Frame: Day 1 (before study drug and 2 hours after first dose), Day 2, 5, 10, 15, 24, 29, 38, 43, 52 ]
Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from baseline in the size of the latent HIV-reservoir as measured by copies of proviral HIV-DNA per 10⁶ CD4+ T-cells [ Time Frame: 12 and 32 weeks after initiation of study treatment ]
  • Change from baseline in the frequency of cells latently infected with replication competent HIV expressed as infectious units per million (IUPM) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks after initiation of study treatment ]
  • Safety evaluation, as measured by adverse events (AE), adverse reactions (AR), serious adverse events (SAE), serious adverse reactions (SAR), and serious unexpected serious adverse reactions (SUSAR) [ Time Frame: Active follow-up until 32 weeks after initiation of study treatment ]
  • Plasma HIV-RNA as measured by the single copy assay [ Time Frame: Day 1 (before study drug and 2 hours after first dose), Day 2, 5, 10, 15, 24, 29, 38, 43, 52, 84, 224 ]
  • During an optional HAART-interruption study (if performed, see below): 1) Time to viremia >1000 copies/ml; 2) Time to meet criteria to restart HAART [ Time Frame: To be performed upon completion of 32 weeks follow-up based on the below specified criteria ]
    Upon completion of the study, subjects may be invited to participate in an additional observational study in which HAART will be interrupted to evaluate the effect of study treatment on virological control. Enrolment into this study is optional and conditioned by the following criteria pertaining to the effect of study treatment on the latent HIV-1 reservoir: Significant increase in unspliced HIV-RNA during in accordance with the primary endpoint measure CD4+ T-cell count >500/mm3

Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: September 2012
Study Completion Date: January 2014
Primary Completion Date: September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Panobinostat
20 mg panobinostat will be administered orally on days 1, 3, and 5 (TIW) every other week (QOW) for a period of 8 weeks while maintaining background HAART
Drug: Panobinostat

20 mg panobinostat will be administered orally on days 1, 3, and 5 (TIW) every other week (QOW) for a period of 8 weeks while maintaining background HAART

Other Name: LBH589

Detailed Description:

Despite effective highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART), HIV-infection persists and rebounds upon treatment interruption, presumably due to latently infected resting CD4+ T-cells. To achieve eradication of HIV-infection this reservoir of latently HIV-infected cells must be depleted.
Several therapeutic strategies are considered in HIV-cure related research. One approach is to exploit the ability of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors to reactivate HIV-1 expression in latently infected cells in the presence of HAART.
This is an investigator initiated single-group, non-randomized interventional phase I/II trial designed to evaluate the safety and ability of oral panobinostat to activate HIV-transcription in latently infected CD4+ T-cells of HIV-infected patients on suppressive HAART. The study will enrol 16 patients. Each subject will be used as his/her own control in a before-after design: endpoints measured after study intervention will be compared to baseline for each subject.
The main study will comprise three phases:

  1. A pre-treatment screening/observation phase of 4 weeks (weeks 0-4)
  2. A treatment phase of 8 weeks (weeks 4-12), where 20 mg panobinostat will be administered orally on days 1, 3, and 5 (TIW) every other week (QOW) while maintaining background HAART (co-therapy)
  3. A post-treatment follow-up phase of 24 weeks (weeks 12-36) to evaluate the effect of
study treatment
Study participants will be reviewed 13 times during the course of study treatment and follow-up. Blood will be drawn for HIV viral load assessments, CD4 cell counts, biochemistry, hematology and additional immunological and virological analyses. An electrocardiogram of the heart (ECG) will be taken at screening, day 10 and 24 post treatment initiation.
The safety and tolerability of panobinostat will be evaluated based on physical exams, laboratory tests and questions about any problems patients may have experienced during the study. A pre-specified schedule based will guide dose modification in case of unacceptable adverse effects.

Eligibility

Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years and older  
Sexes Eligible for Study: All  
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No  

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Documented HIV-1 infection
  • Age >18 years
  • HIV-1 plasma RNA <50 copies/ml for at least 2 years with at least 2 viral load measures per year. Episodes of a single HIV plasma RNA 50-199 copies/ml will not exclude participation if the subsequent HIV plasma RNA was <50 copies/ml
  • Receiving HAART, defined as at least 2 nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors plus a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, integrase inhibitor, or a protease inhibitor
  • CD4+ T-cell count >500/mm3 on minimum 2 occasions in the last 12 months prior to study entry
  • Able to give informed consent


Exclusion Criteria:
  • Any significant acute medical illness in the past 8 weeks
  • Any evidence of an active AIDS-defining opportunistic infection
  • Current or recent gastrointestinal disease that may impact the absorption of the investigational drug
  • Any gastrointestinal surgery that could impact upon the absorption of the investigational drug
  • Active alcohol or substance use that, in the Investigator's opinion, will prevent adequate compliance with study therapy
  • Patient has the following laboratory values within 3 weeks before starting the investigational drug (lab tests may be repeated, as clinically indicated, to obtain acceptable values before failure at screening is concluded but supportive therapies are not to be administered within the week prior to screening tests for ANC or platelet count)
    • Hepatic transaminases (AST or ALT) ≥3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Serum total bilirubin ≥1.5 ULN
    • Serum creatinine levels ≥1.5 x ULN, or calculated creatinine clearance ≤60 ml/min
    • Platelet count ≤100 x109/L
    • Absolute neutrophil count ≤1.5x109/L
    • Serum potassium, magnesium, phosphorus outside normal limits
    • Total calcium (corrected for serum albumin) or ionized calcium ≤lower normal limits
  • Hepatitis B or C infection as indicated by the presence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or hepatitis C virus RNA (HCV-RNA) in blood
  • A personal history of clinically significant cardiac disease, symptomatic or asymptomatic arrhythmias, syncopal episodes, or additional risk factors for Torsades de pointes (e.g. heart failure)
  • History of malignancy or transplantation, including skin cancers or Kaposi sarcoma
  • History of diabetes mellitus
  • Use of a protease inhibitor
  • Receipt of immunomodulating agents, immunization or systemic chemotherapeutic agents within 28 days prior to study entry
  • Use of an agent definitely or possibly associated with effects on QT intervals within 2 weeks of screening
  • ECG at screening that shows QTc >450 msec when calculated using the Fridericia formula from either lead V3 or V4
  • Known resistance to >2 classes of ART
  • Known hypersensitivity to the components of panobinostat or its analogues
  • Current use of sodium valproate or other HDAC inhibitor
  • Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, or with a positive pregnancy test during screening or Women of Child Bearing Potential (WOCBP) who are unwilling or unable to use an acceptable method of contraception (according to the Danish Medicines Agency guidelines) to avoid pregnancy for the entire study period and for at least 4 weeks before and 4 weeks after study treatment
  • Males or females who are unwilling or unable to use barrier contraception during
sexual intercourse for the entire study period, including at least 4 weeks before, 4 weeks after study treatment, and when plasma HIV-RNA is detectable using standard assays

contacts and locations

Contacts and Locations

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision.Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below.For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01680094

Locations

Denmark
Department of Infectious Diseases, Aarhus University Hospital
Aarhus, Denmark, 8200

Sponsors and Collaborators

University of Aarhus
Massachusetts General Hospital
Monash University
University of Sydney
Novartis
Aarhus University Hospital

Investigators

Study Director: Lars Østergaard, MD,DMSc,PhD Aarhus University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Thomas A Rasmussen, MD Aarhus University Hospital
More Information

More Information


Responsible Party: University of Aarhus  
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01680094   History of Changes  
Other Study ID Numbers: CLEAR0001  
Study First Received: September 3, 2012  
Last Updated: February 24, 2014  

Keywords provided by University of Aarhus:

HIV Infection
Panobinostat
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Infection
HIV Infections
Panobinostat
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on December 18, 2017
This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov.