Clinical Trials


A Phase IV, Open-label Single-arm Study Investigating the Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of the Antiretroviral Combination of Rilpivirine and Ritonavirboosted Darunavir in Therapy-naive HIV-1 Infected Patients.

This study has been completed
St Stephens Aids Trust

Information provided by (Responsible Party)
St Stephens Aids Trust Identifier

First received: November 26, 2012
Last updated: June 14, 2017
Last Verified: June 2017
History of Changes


For patients who are starting to take antiretroviral medication (to treat HIV) for the first time, there are now a variety of different medicines which may be taken together as a combination in order to form an effective treatment which suppresses the virus for prolonged periods of time. Currently, national guidelines recommend the use of two different drugs of one type (the nucleoside/ nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors, NRTI often known as "nukes") with a third drug from one of two other types (either a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, known as an NNRTI or "nonnuke", or a protease inhibitor, known as a PI) to form a treatment regime of three active drugs. In the UK and Europe, all PIs are given in combination with a small dose of a second PI, ritonavir, which has the effect of boosting the levels of the active PI in the bloodstream.

The investigators know from both research studies and patient experience in clinic that a combination of a ritonavirboosted PI with an NNRTI achieves similar results in suppressing the HIV virus, compared to the use of either a PI or NNRTI with 2 NRTI as described above. In this study, the investigators will observe the combination of two licensed antiretroviral medications, ritonavirboosted darunavir(DRV/r) and rilpivirine (RPV), in suppressing virus when given to patients who are commencing treatment for HIV infection for the first time. Both of these drugs are licensed for treatment of patients with HIV in the UK and Europe, and are currently in standard clinical use.

The study will monitor this treatment over the first 48 weeks. The investigators will also examine the levels of both drugs in the bloodstream during the first 4 weeks of starting this regimen, to confirm that they remain at levels which the investigators know to be effective against the virus.

Condition Intervention Phase

Drug : Darunavir, Ritonavir and Rilpivirine
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IV, Open-label Single-arm Study Investigating the Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of the Antiretroviral Combination of Rilpivirine and Ritonavirboosted Darunavir in Therapy-naive HIV-1 Infected Patients.

Further study details as provided by St Stephens Aids Trust:

Primary Outcome Measures

  • Virologic suppression after 48 weeks of therapy with the study regime [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    To describe the rate of virologic suppression after 48 weeks of therapy with the study regime. This will be measured by the proportion of patients with HIV-1 RNA ≤ 40 copies/mL at week 48
Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To explore the virologic response to this combination rilpivirine and ritonavir-boosted darunavir at weeks 4, 8, 12 and 24 of therapy. [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    The proportion of enrolled patients with a reduction from baseline in HIV-1 RNA >1 log10 copies /mL at weeks 4, 8, 12 and proportion with HIV-1 RNA ≤400 copies/mL at week 24.
Other Outcome Measures:
  • To investigate the plasma pharmacokinetics of darunavir, ritonavir and rilpivirine when given in combination [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]
    The PK parameters (Cmax, C24, AUC0-24, and t1/2) for darunavir, rilpivirine and ritonavir at steady-state on day 28

Enrollment: 36
Study Start Date: December 2012
Study Completion Date: March 2015
Primary Completion Date: March 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Darunavir, Ritonavir, Rilpivirine
Darunavir 800 mg once daily, Ritonavir 100 mg once daily and Rilpivirine 25 mg once daily
Drug: Darunavir, Ritonavir and Rilpivirine


Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years to 65 Years  
Sexes Eligible for Study: All  
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No  


Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient has signed and dated informed consent document, confirming their knowledge of the pertinent aspects of the study and willingness to comply with all study requirements, prior to screening procedures.
  • Male or female aged 18 to 65 years.
  • HIV-1 infected with ≤ 14 days total exposure to antiretroviral therapy - prior antiretrovirals as post-exposure prophylaxis permissible if documented negative test at 3 months following exposure. If patient has previously taken up to and including 14 days antiretroviral therapy during HIV-1 infection, this must not be within 12 weeks of the screening visit and there must be an available genotypic resistance test after last intake which indicates full viral susceptibility to study medication.
  • CD4 count >50 cells/mm3 at screening.
  • HIV-1 RNA > 1000 copies/mL at screening.
  • Women of childbearing potential (WoCBP); negative urine β-hCG pregnancy test at screen and baseline visit.
  • WOCBP, male patients and their partners must use two forms of contraception, one of which is an effective barrier method, when participating in sexual activity which could result in conception throughout the study and for 28 days following the last dose of study medication.

Exclusion Criteria:
  • Infected with HIV-2
  • Any medical, psychiatric or substance misuse disorders felt by the investigator to impact on the subject's ability to participate in the study, including a positive urine test for drugs of abuse (cannabinoids are not exclusionary).
  • Disallowed concomitant medication as per the summary of product characteristics for darunavir or rilpivirine (see section 5.2).
  • Any genotypic resistance mutations on screening or prior tests to darunavir (V11I, V32I, L33F, I47V, I50V, I54M, I54L, T74P, L76V, I84V and L89V) or rilpivirine (K101E, K101P, E138A, E138G, E138K, E138R, E138Q, V179L, Y181C, Y181I, Y181V, H221Y, F227C, M230I, and M230L).
  • Screening ALT or AST elevation greater than 5 times the upper limit of normal.
  • Any active opportunistic infection within 4 weeks prior to planned baseline visit.
  • Any active cardiovascular, pulmonary, hepatic, renal or metabolic disease, or therapy used to treat these diseases, which in the opinion of the investigator could affect the absorption, distribution, metabolism or efficacy of the study medication.
  • Any known or suspected allergic reaction to the investigational products or excipients (including E110 allergy with regard to darunavir tablets).
  • Hepatitis B or C co-infection (defined as positive hepatitis B surface antigen or positive hepatitis C antibody; patients with positive hepatitis C antibody with undetectable RNA will be eligible for inclusion).
  • Estimated GFR (MDRD method) less than 50 ml/min
  • Use of proton pump inhibitors, or H-2 antagonists more than once daily-Subject has one
or more of the following risk factors for QTc prolongation:
i. a confirmed prolongation of QT/QTc interval, e.g., repeated demonstration of QTcF (Fridericia correction) interval > 450 ms in the screening ECG. ii. pathological Q-waves (defined as Q-wave > 40 ms or depth > 0.4-0.5 mV). iii. evidence of ventricular pre-excitation. iv. electrocardiographic evidence of complete or incomplete left bundle branch block or complete or clinically significant incomplete right bundle branch block. v. evidence of second or third degree heart block. vi. intraventricular conduction delay with QRS duration > 120 ms. vii. bradycardia as defined by sinus rate < 50 bpm. viii. personal or family history of long QT syndrome. ix. personal history of cardiac disease (including congenital heart disease), symptomatic or asymptomatic arrhythmias, with the exception of sinus arrhythmia. x. syncopal episodes. xi. risk factors for Torsades de Pointes (e.g., heart failure, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia).

contacts and locations

Contacts and Locations

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision.Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below.For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01736761


United Kingdom
St Stephen's AIDS Trust
London, United Kingdom, SW10 9TH

Sponsors and Collaborators

St Stephens Aids Trust
More Information

More Information

Responsible Party: St Stephens Aids Trust Identifier: NCT01736761   History of Changes  
Other Study ID Numbers: SSAT 049  
Study First Received: November 26, 2012  
Last Updated: June 14, 2017  

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Rilpivirine processed this data on July 20, 2018
This information is provided by