skip to content

Clinical Trials

MainTitle

Evaluation of Switching From Current cART to Triumeq With Adherence Support Will Enhance HIV Control in Vulnerable Populations (TRIIADD)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)

Verified September 2016 by Marina Klein, McGill University Health Center

Sponsor
McGill University Health Center

Collaborator
ViiV Healthcare
CIHR Canadian HIV Trials Network

Information provided by (Responsible Party)
Marina Klein, McGill University Health Center

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier
NCT02354053

First received: January 27, 2015
Last updated: September 20, 2016
Last Verified: September 2016
History of Changes
Purpose

Purpose

Modern antiretroviral therapeutic regimens offer a vast array of choice that permits tailored therapy for HIV patients. While modern regimens have improved the rates of virologic suppression overall and reduced adverse effects of antiretroviral treatment, an important sub-group of HIV infected persons is unable to maintain adherence to their treatment regimens, fail to achieve long term virologic control and remain at risk for HIV related disease progression and transmission of HIV infection.

Hypothesis: switching from current cART regimen to a Triumeq based regimen combined with adherence support will improve the rate of HIV suppression in vulnerable populations non-adherent to the their current cART as determined by the achievement of HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL at Week 24 post randomization.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections

Drug : Switch to Triumeq
Behavioral : Adherence support + current ART
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IV, Multicentre Randomized Prospective Open Label Study to Evaluate Whether Switching From Current cART to Triumeq in Addition to Adherence Support Will Enhance Virologic Control and Adherence in Vulnerable Populations Relative to Adherence Support Alone

Further study details as provided by Marina Klein, McGill University Health Center:

Primary Outcome Measures

  • Evaluation of efficacy of the Switch from ART to Triumeq with adherence support as determined by the achievement of HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL at Week 24 post randomization. [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    To determine if switching from current cART regimen to a Triumeq based regimen combined with adherence support will improve the rate of HIV suppression in vulnerable populations non-adherent to the their current cART.
Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Improve of average adherence [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    To determine if switching from current cART to a Triumeq based regimen will improve the average adherence of patients compared to maintaining current cART, measured at 24 weeks post randomization. We will use a set of questionnaires: HIV treatment knowledge questionnaire: this questionnaire will help to identify any patients that may need psycho-education regarding HIV treatment (patients who failed to answer to any knowledge item) Experience of Close Relationships (ECR-short) Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9). Alcohol: Audit C: Drug abuse Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT)27. Quality of life using the EuroQoL EQ-5D tool HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study questionnaire.
  • Maintaining Adherence over the time [ Time Frame: 72 weeks ]
    To determine if adherence is maintained over the long term (up to 72 weeks) in subjects receiving Triumeq

Estimated Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: November 2015
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date: September 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Current ART
Current ART + adherence support
Behavioral: Adherence support + current ART
Experimental: Triumeq
Triumeq + adherence support
Drug: Switch to Triumeq
Behavioral: Adherence support + current ART

Detailed Description:

Primary objectives:
To determine if switching from current cART regimen to a Triumeq based regimen combined with adherence support will improve the rate of HIV suppression in vulnerable populations non-adherent to the their current cART as determined by the achievement of HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL at Week 24 post randomization.

Secondary

    objectives:

In vulnerable populations non-adherent to their current cART:
(i) To determine if switching from current cART to a Triumeq based regimen will improve the average adherence of patients compared to maintaining current cART, measured at 24 weeks post randomization.
(ii) To determine if adherence is maintained over the long term (up to 72 weeks) in subjects receiving Triumeq (iii) To evaluate the effect of switching to Triumeq on control of HIV infection (as measured by HIV viral load and CD4 cell counts) up to 72 weeks (iv) To determine the safety of using Triumeq with respect to risk for the emergence of HIV drug resistance.
(vi) To assess the safety and tolerability (including hepatic function and metabolic profiles) of switching from current cART regimen to Triumeq up to 72 weeks.
(vi) To evaluate if switching to Triumeq will be cost effective from a societal prospective
Study Population:
We will recruit from 14 CTN-affiliated sites across Canada.
All patients recruited into the trial will be adults aged over 18 years old with documented HIV infection (ELISA with western blot confirmation) and with negative HLA-B5701 testing. Prescribed ART may include any DHHS recommended or alternative regimens, which the treating physician considers, is appropriate for their patient (except dolutegravir) for at least 6 months. Subjects will have evidence of non-adherence to current ART regimen defined as:
  • HIV RNA ≥400 copies/ml at least once in last 12 months
  • Absence of evidence of resistance to any component of the current regimen or Triumeq
  • Viremia not explained by normal viral decay after initiating ART We anticipate that many
of recruited subjects will comprise people who inject drugs, Aborginal persons and persons from ethnocultural communities however recruitment will not be limited to these groups as others may be enrolled provided they meet the inclusion criteria.
Study design:
A randomized, prospective, open-label study. Patients will be randomized 1:1 to switch to Triumeq vs. to remain on current cART. Both groups will receive adherence support. Those randomized to maintain current cART will be permitted to switch to Triumeq after 24 weeks.
Sample size:
N = 100 100 patients (50/arm) will provide 80% power to detect a 25% difference in virologic suppression rates between the two arms at 24 weeks. While this difference is large, for the population we are targeting we consider that an improvement in virologic suppression rates of at least this amount would be required to be clinically meaningful.

Eligibility

Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years and older  
Sexes Eligible for Study: All  
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No  

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. HIV-1 infected adults greater than or equal to 18 years of age.
  2. Prescribed cART that may include any DHHS recommended or alternative regimens, which the treating physician considers, is appropriate for their patient with the exception of dolutegravir
  3. Evidence of non-adherence to current ART regimen defined as:
    1. HIV RNA ≥400 copies/ml at least once in last 12 months
    2. Absence of resistance to current regimen
    3. Viremia not explained by normal viral decay after initiating ART
  4. Documentation that the subject is negative for HLA-B*5701 allele
  5. Signed informed consent prior to screening.
  6. Women who are suspected, planning to become or pregnant or breastfeeding must have a negative pregnancy test at screening and Day 1 and agree to use the following approved methods of birth control while on study.

A female, may be eligible to enter and participate in the study if she:
  1. is of non-child-bearing potential defined as either post-menopausal (12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea and ≥ 45 years of age) or physically incapable of becoming pregnant with documented tubal ligation, hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or,
  2. is of child-bearing potential with a negative pregnancy test at both Screening and Day 1 and agrees to use one of the following methods of contraception to avoid pregnancy:
  • Complete abstinence from penile-vaginal intercourse from 2 weeks prior to administration of IP, throughout the study, and for at least 2 weeks after discontinuation of all study medications;
  • Double barrier method (male condom/spermicide, male condom/diaphragm, diaphragm/spermicide);
  • Any intrauterine device (IUD) with published data showing that the expected failure rate is <1% per year (not all IUDs meet this criterion
  • Male partner sterilization confirmed prior to the female subject's entry into the study, and this male is the sole partner for that subject;
  • Approved hormonal contraception
  • Any other method with published data showing that the expected failure rate is <1% per year.

  • Any contraception method must be used consistently, in accordance with the approved product label and for at least 2 weeks after discontinuation of Triumeq.
  • Heterosexual men should use at least one barrier method of contraception (e.g. condom)

  • Exclusion Criteria:
  • Not meeting inclusion criteria
  • Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Any evidence of an active Centers for Disease and Prevention Control (CDC) Category C disease25 except cutaneous Kaposi's sarcoma not requiring systemic therapy
  • Subjects with moderate to severe hepatic impairment (Class B or C) as determined by Child-Pugh classification
  • Anticipated need for Hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapy during the study
  • Chronic hepatitis B infection (defined as HBsAg positive)
  • History or presence of allergy or intolerance to the study drugs or their components or drugs of their class
  • Any evidence of viral resistance to 3TC, abacavir or integrase inhibitors or to any component of the current regimen based on the presence of primary resistance-associated mutations for these drugs26 on any available historical resistance test.
  • Any evidence of viral resistance to 3TC, abacavir or integrase inhibitors or to any component of the current regimen based on the presence of primary resistance-associated mutations for these drugs26 on a screening genotype for patients with HIV RNA ≥400 copies/ml .
  • Any acute laboratory abnormality at Screening, which, in the opinion of the Investigator, would preclude the subject's participation in the study
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) greater than 5 times the upper limit of normal, OR ALT greater than or equal to3 times the upper limit of normal and bilirubin greater than or equal to1.5 times the upper limit of normal (with greater than 35% direct bilirubin)
  • Creatinine clearance of less than 50 mL/min via Cockroft-Gault method
  • Concomitant medications, dofetilide and immunosuppressants.

    contacts and locations

    Contacts and Locations

    Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision.Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below.For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

    Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02354053

    Contacts

    Contact:   Marina Klein, MD 514-934-1934 ext 32523 marina.klein@mcgill.ca
    Contact:   Natacha Cotta-Grand, PhD 514-934-1934 ext 32547 natacha.cotta-grand@muhc.mcgill.ca

    Locations

    Canada
    Chronic Viral Illness Service Recruiting
    Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H4A 3J1
    Contact: Natacha Cotta-Grand, PhD    natacha.cotta-grand@muhc.mcgill.ca
    Principal Investigator: Marina Klein, MD
    Sub-Investigator: Bertrand Lebouché, MD
    Sub-Investigator: Joe Cox, MD
    Sub-Investigator: Jean-Pierre Routy, MD
    Sub-Investigator: Cecilia Costiniuk, MD
    Sub-Investigator: Alexandra de Pokomandy, MD

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    McGill University Health Center
    ViiV Healthcare
    CIHR Canadian HIV Trials Network

    Investigators

    Principal Investigator: Marina Klein, MD Chronic Viral Illness Service
    More Information

    More Information


    Responsible Party: Marina Klein, MD, McGill University Health Center  
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02354053   History of Changes  
    Other Study ID Numbers: CTN286  
    Study First Received: January 27, 2015  
    Last Updated: September 20, 2016  

    Keywords provided by Marina Klein, McGill University Health Center:

    HIV
    Triumeq
    vulnerable populations

    Additional relevant MeSH terms:
    HIV Infections
    Lamivudine
    Abacavir
    Dolutegravir

    ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on October 16, 2017
    This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov.