Clinical Trials

MainTitle

The Safety and Immunogenicity of the DNA-GTU Vaccine Administered to HIV-infected Patients on ART vs Placebo (CUTHIVTHER001)

This study has been completed
Sponsor
Imperial College London

Collaborator
European Commission

Information provided by (Responsible Party)
Imperial College London
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier
NCT02457689

First received: May 27, 2015
Last updated: November 9, 2016
Last Verified: October 2016
History of Changes
Purpose

Purpose

CUT*HIVTHER 001 is a randomised placebo-controlled Phase I/II study aimed at exploring the safety and immunogenicity of two different modes of delivery of a GTU® DNA plasmid vaccine (GTU®-multiHIV B clade) in HIV infected volunteers on antiretroviral therapy (ART):

  • Transcutaneous (TC) delivery to enhance intramuscular delivery and
  • Electroporation (EP) enhanced intramuscular delivery Participants will be randomised
1:1:1 to TC:EP:saline for the purposes of analysis. Half the saline group will receive TC saline and half will receive EP saline.
30 HIV infected male and female volunteers aged 18-45 years, who have been on ART for at least 6 months with 2 or more HIV plasma viral load measurements < 50 copies HIV RNA/ml prior to enrolment.

The investigational HIV-1 vaccine GTU®-MultiHIV B clade encodes for a MultiHIV antigen which is a synthetic fusion protein consisting of full-length polypeptides of Rev, Nef, Tat, p17 and p24 and containing more than 20 Th and CTL epitopes of protease, reverse transcriptase (RT) and gp160 regions of the HAN2 HIV-1 B clade.

Vaccine is provided in sealed vials at 2mg/ml, and a single 1ml IM injection of 2mg GTU®-MultiHIV DNA IM (into the thigh) is required to deliver a 2mg dose. Individuals in Group 2 will receive a further 0.4mg GTU®-MultiHIV DNA in 0.2ml administered by TC, a novel needle-free method of vaccine delivery.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV

Biological : GTU®-MultiHIV B Clade Vaccine
Other : Sodium chloride BP
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized Phase I/II Study to Assess the Safety and Immunogenicity of the DNA-GTU Vaccine Administered by Two Novel Routes Compared to Placebo in HIV-infected Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy

Further study details as provided by Imperial College London:

Primary Outcome Measures

  • Grade 3 or above local solicited adverse event [ Time Frame: Two weeks after final vaccination ]
  • Grade 3 or above systemic clinical and laboratory solicited adverse event [ Time Frame: Four weeks after final vaccination ]
  • Any grade of adverse event that results in a clinical decision to discontinue further immunisations [ Time Frame: Four weeks after final vaccination ]
  • Immunogenicity [ Time Frame: Two weeks after final vaccination ]
    Change in IFN-γ ELISpot response to any of the pools of HIV-peptides encoded by the vaccine 2 weeks after the last immunisation relative to baseline, defined as a doubling in frequency from baseline or the presence of a response that was absent at baseline
Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Any grade of adverse event that occurs in a participant that has received at least one immunisation [ Time Frame: Two weeks after final vaccination ]
  • Immunogenicity [ Time Frame: Two weeks after final vaccination ]
    Change in CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell cytokine responses (frequency and poly-functionality) to any of the pools of HIV peptides encoded by the vaccine, assessed by poly-chromatic ICS 2 weeks after the last immunisation
Other Outcome Measures:
  • Exploratory Immunogenicity [ Time Frame: Four weeks after final vaccination ]
    Change from baseline in epitope recognition (frequency and magnitude) as determined by ELISpot analysis using overlapping 15mer peptides
  • Exploratory Immunogenicity [ Time Frame: Four weeks after final vaccination ]
    Change from baseline in the magnitude of antigen-specific IgG Ab response
  • Exploratory Immunogenicity [ Time Frame: Four weeks after final vaccination ]
    Change from baseline in HIV proviral DNA within PBMC
  • Exploratory Immunogenicity [ Time Frame: Four weeks after final vaccination ]
    Change from baseline in HIV plasma viral load (number of copies of HIV RNA per millilitre), measured by quantitative PCR
  • Exploratory Immunogenicity [ Time Frame: Four weeks after final vaccination ]
    Change from baseline in the immune activation and surface expression markers on T cells from baseline measured by poly-chromatic flow cytometry
  • Exploratory Immunogenicity [ Time Frame: Four weeks after final vaccination ]
    Change from baseline in CD4+ lymphocyte count

Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: July 2015
Study Completion Date: July 2016
Primary Completion Date: July 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Group 1 (Transcutaneous and Placebo)
Group 1 (Transcutaneous and Placebo) Participants will receive 1.0ml intramuscular injections of the vaccine Sodium Chloride BP into the upper thigh. Participants will also have a further 0.2ml of Sodium Chloride BP delivered transcutaneously. An area of skin of approximately 4 x 4cm will be photographed and prepared first. During this preparation, the area is shaved to remove the hair, and then superglue is applied to remove the top layer of skin (like waxing). The vaccine is spread onto the skin surface. Once applied, the area is covered with a comfeel bandage, the investigator will ask volunteers to not engage in strenuous exercise, shower, or bathe for 24 hours afterwards.
Other: Sodium chloride BP

For use in prophylactic and replacement therapy, requiring the use of isotonic saline solution.

Active Comparator: Group 2 (Transcutaneous and Active)
Group 2 (Transcutaneous and Active) Participants will receive 1.0ml intramuscular injections of the GTU®-MultiHIV B Clade Vaccine (2 mg/ml) into the upper thigh. Participants will also have a further 0.2ml of the vaccine (2mg/ml) delivered transcutaneously. An area of skin of approximately 4 x 4cm will be photographed and prepared first. During this preparation, the area is shaved to remove the hair, and then superglue is applied to remove the top layer of skin (like waxing). The vaccine is spread onto the skin surface. Once applied, the area is covered with a comfeel bandage, the investigator will ask volunteers to not engage in strenuous exercise, shower, or bathe for 24 hours afterwards.
Biological: GTU®-MultiHIV B Clade Vaccine

The investigational HIV-1 vaccine GTU®-MultiHIV B clade encodes for a MultiHIV antigen (synthetic fusion protein) built up by full-length polypeptides of Rev, Nef, Tat, p17 and p24 with more than 20 Th and CTL epitopes of protease, reverse transcriptase (RT) and gp160 regions of an HAN2 HIV-1 B clade isolate.

Placebo Comparator: Group 3 (Electroporation and Placebo)
Group 3 (Electroporation and Placebo) Participants will receive 1.0ml intramuscular injections of Sodium Chloride BP into the upper thigh using the ICHOR TriGridTM delivery system for intramuscular (TDS-IM) delivery with electroporation. Electroporation (EP) improves the delivery of the product into muscle cells, by delivering an electrical pulse with the injection using a hand held device that is pressed against your thigh. This will cause a muscle twitch with a sharp cramp-like feeling in the thigh lasting a few seconds. Once the procedure is carried out, the muscle will feel sore for up to 72 hours. The investigator will ask volunteers not to engage in any strenuous exercise for at least 24 hours after the procedure.
Other: Sodium chloride BP

For use in prophylactic and replacement therapy, requiring the use of isotonic saline solution.

Active Comparator: Group 4 (Electroporation and Active)
Group 4 (Electroporation and Active) Participants will receive 1.0ml intramuscular injections of the GTU®-MultiHIV B Clade Vaccine (2mg/ml) into the upper thigh using the ICHOR TriGridTM delivery system for intramuscular (TDS-IM) delivery with electroporation. Electroporation (EP) improves the delivery of the product into muscle cells, by delivering an electrical pulse with the injection using a hand held device that is pressed against your thigh. This will cause a muscle twitch with a sharp cramp-like feeling in the thigh lasting a few seconds. Once the procedure is carried out, the muscle will feel sore for up to 72 hours. The investigator will ask volunteers not to engage in any strenuous exercise for at least 24 hours after the procedure.
Biological: GTU®-MultiHIV B Clade Vaccine

The investigational HIV-1 vaccine GTU®-MultiHIV B clade encodes for a MultiHIV antigen (synthetic fusion protein) built up by full-length polypeptides of Rev, Nef, Tat, p17 and p24 with more than 20 Th and CTL epitopes of protease, reverse transcriptase (RT) and gp160 regions of an HAN2 HIV-1 B clade isolate.

Detailed Description:

The investigators are exploring combination regimens with the overall aims of (i) optimising immune responses and (ii) developing safe and well tolerated strategies which will favour the development of T-cell responses that may enhance anti-HIV HIV therapy with the forward looking goal of working towards functional eradication of infection. The investigator proposes to combine the previously used IM and TC methods because preclinical data suggest that the combination of methods will favour the development of CD8 T cell responses. All groups will receive 6.0mg of the vaccine IM given in 3 doses over 12 weeks. Group 1 will receive the 6.0mg IM with electroporation (EP) and Group 2 will receive the 6.0mg IM without EP but together with an additional 1.2mg vaccine TC. The primary immunogenicity endpoint will be to determine whether either intervention group augments the cellular responses to vaccine specific peptides in relation to baseline. It is anticipated that none of subjects receiving saline placebo would have an increase in vaccine specific responses relative to those at baseline. Therefore if the differences between the active groups and saline placebo are sufficiently large, for example 80% responders in a GTU®-MultiHIV DNA active group, <10% in the control group, this would be significant.
Should the regimes prove safe, acceptable and induce significant immunogenicity then the intention is to move one or both regimes into a larger study powered to determine their potential long-term impact on therapy when used in combination with conventional ARV regimens. Proof of concept that DNA vaccination can induce de novo HIV specific responses that are associated with control of viral replication, would justify further investigation of their use in immunotherapies combined with ART intensification and/or anti-latency drugs.

Eligibility

Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years to 45 Years  
Sexes Eligible for Study: All  
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No  

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female
  2. Aged between 18 and 45 years on the day of screening
  3. BMI between 19-30
  4. Available for follow-up for the duration of the study
  5. Willing and able to give written informed consent
  6. HIV-1 Clade B infection documented by confirmed antibody test
  7. Confirmed on 2 separate occasions in the 6 month period prior to enrolment to have viral load < 200 copies HIV RNA/ml whilst on ART
  8. Nadir CD4+ > 250 CD4 lymphocytes AND screening CD4 >200 CD4 lymphocytes
  9. Willing to avoid UV tanning or strong sun exposure during the immunisation period of the study
  10. Willing to avoid all other vaccines within four weeks of scheduled study vaccinations
  11. If heterosexually active female, using an effective method of contraception with partner (combined oral contraceptive pill; injectable or implanted contraceptive; consistent record with condoms if using these; physiological or anatomical sterility (in self or partner) from 14 days prior to the first vaccination until 4 months after the last, and willing to undergo urine pregnancy tests prior to each vaccination
  12. If heterosexually active male, using an effective method of contraception with their partner from the first day of vaccination until 4 months after the last vaccination

  • Exclusion Criteria:
  • Pregnant or lactating
  • Use of regular topical treatment on the injection or application site within the last four weeks
  • UV tanning sessions or strong sun exposure within four weeks prior to enrolment
  • Excessive terminal hair growth on the investigational skin areas (to be assessed by reference to a photograph which will be available during screening visit)
  • Individuals in which a skin-fold measurement (cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue) of the upper right or left thigh exceeds 40 mm
  • Clinically relevant abnormality on history or examination including
    • history of grand-mal epilepsy, seizure disorder or any history of prior seizure
    • history of syncope or fainting episodes within 1 year of study entry
    • liver disease including active hepatitis B (surface antigen positive) or C (PCR positive)
    • any skin condition which may interfere with the trial assessment of the injection site
    • haematological, metabolic, gastrointestinal (excluding gastritis) or cardio-pulmonary disorders (excluding mild asthma)
    • a clinically significant abnormality on the ECG
    • autoimmune disease, or use of regular, systemic immunosuppressives in preceding 3 months
  • Known hypersensitivity to any component of the vaccine formulations used in this trial, or have severe or multiple allergies to drugs or pharmaceutical agents
  • History of severe local or general reaction to vaccination defined as
    1. local: extensive, indurated redness and swelling involving most of the antero-lateral thigh or the major circumference of the arm, not resolving within 72 hours
    2. general: fever >= 39.5oC within 48 hours; anaphylaxis; bronchospasm; laryngeal oedema; collapse; convulsions or encephalopathy within 72 hours
  • Receipt of live attenuated vaccine within 60 days of enrolment and any vaccine within 30 days of enrolment.
  • Receipt of an experimental vaccine containing HIV antigens at any time in the past
  • Receipt of immunoglobin within 4 months of screening
  • Participation in another trial of a medicinal product, completed less than 30 days prior to enrolment
  • Grade 2 or above routine laboratory parameters. Hyperbilirubinaemia to be considered an exclusion criterion only when confirmed to be conjugated bilirubinaemia
  • Current use of any electronic stimulation device, such as cardiac demand pacemakers, automatic implantable cardiac defibrillator, nerve stimulators, or deep brain stimulators.
  • Presence of any surgical or traumatic metal implants at the sites of administration
  • Unable to read and speak English to a fluency level adequate for the full comprehension of procedures required in participation and consent.
  • Unlikely to comply with protocol.

    contacts and locations

    Contacts and Locations

    Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision.Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below.For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

    Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02457689

    Locations

    United Kingdom
    Imperial College London
    Greater London, United Kingdom, W2 1PG

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    Imperial College London
    European Commission

    Investigators

    Principal Investigator: Sheena McCormack, Phd, MD Medical Research Council University College London
    More Information

    More Information


    Responsible Party: Imperial College London  
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02457689   History of Changes  
    Other Study ID Numbers: 14SM2037  
    Study First Received: May 27, 2015  
    Last Updated: November 9, 2016  

    Keywords provided by Imperial College London:

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus
    Immunodeficiency Virus, Human

    Additional relevant MeSH terms:
    Vaccines

    ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on December 15, 2017
    This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov.