Clinical Trials


VRC-HIVMAB060-00-AB (VRC01) in People With Chronic HIV Infection Undergoing Analytical Treatment Interruption

This study has been completed
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Information provided by (Responsible Party)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) Identifier

First received: June 12, 2015
Last updated: October 2, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017
History of Changes



  • A combination of daily drugs (called cART) can keep human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) very low for a long time. But cART can lose effectiveness and cause permanent side effects. If treatment stops, HIV levels go up again. Researchers want to see if a new product can control HIV levels when a person is off cART.

  • Objective:
  • To see if the new product VRC01 is safe and can control the HIV level in the blood when a person is not taking cART.

  • Eligibility:
  • Adults ages 18-65 with HIV who are willing to interrupt their treatment for at least 24 weeks.

  • Design:
  • Participants will be screened with:
  • Physical exam
  • Medical history
  • Heart tests
  • Blood and urine tests.
  • Their HIV drugs may be switched. They will keep taking them until a few days after Visit
    • Visit 1: Repeat screening procedures.
    • Participants will also have genetic testing and leukapheresis. For this, blood will be removed through a needle in one arm and circulated through a machine that removes white blood cells. The rest of the blood is returned through a needle in the other arm.
    • They will get the first study drug dose through a thin tube in an arm vein for about 1 hour.
    • For 24 weeks, participants will have 16 visits. They will have blood drawn every visit. At some visits they will repeat the screening procedures and get another VRC01 dose. They may have another leukapheresis.
    • Four weeks after the last dose, participants will restart their cART. For 20 weeks, they
    will have monthly visits to repeat the screening procedures and discuss new symptoms.

    Condition Intervention Phase

    Biological : VRC-HIVMAB060-00-AB (VRC01)
    Phase 1

    Study Type: Interventional
    Study Design: Allocation: N/A
    Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    Masking: None (Open Label)
    Primary Purpose: Treatment
    Official Title: An Exploratory, Open-Label Study of VRC-HIVMAB060-00-AB (VRC01) in Subjects With Chronic HIV Infection Undergoing Analytical Treatment Interruption

    Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

    Primary Outcome Measures

    • Number of Grade 3 or Higher Adverse Events [ Time Frame: From the start of the initial infusion until up to 48 weeks. ]
      The primary endpoint was the number of grade 3 or higher adverse events, including serious adverse events, that were possibly related to VRC-HIVMAB060-00-AB (VRCO1).
    Secondary Outcome Measures:
    • Subjects Who Met Criteria to Restart Antiretroviral Therapy [ Time Frame: From Day 3 post initial infusion until up to 28 weeks. ]
      The secondary endpoint was the number of subjects who met protocol defined virologic (sustained HIV RNA >1000 copies/mL by Abbott HIV RTPCR at 2 consecutive visits), immunologic (a confirmed >30% decline in CD4 cell count or an absolute CD4 cell count < 350 cells/mm3), or clinical criteria (HIV-related symptoms) to discontinue VRC01 infusions and restart Antiretroviral Therapy (ART).

    Enrollment: 10
    Study Start Date: July 13, 2015
    Study Completion Date: April 7, 2017
    Primary Completion Date: April 7, 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

    Arms Assigned Interventions
    Experimental: HIV Positive Subjects
    VRC-HIVMAB060-00-AB (VRC01) given in HIV-infected Adults (age 18-65 years) on cART with suppressed viremia
    Biological: VRC-HIVMAB060-00-AB (VRC01)

    A potent HIV-specific monoclonal antibody

    Detailed Description:

    Recent advances in antibody cloning technologies have led to the discovery of a number of highly potent, HIV-specific, broadly neutralizing monoclonal antibodies from B cells of HIV-infected individuals. It has been shown that certain broadly neutralizing HIV-specific antibodies can prevent acquisition of the virus, suppress viral replication, delay and/or prevent plasma viral rebound following treatment interruption in Simian Immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected animals and block cell-to-cell transmission of laboratory-adapted HIV in vitro. However, it is unclear what in vivo effects these antibodies might have on plasma viral rebound in HIV-infected individuals following discontinuation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART).

In this regard, it has been shown that virtually all infected individuals who initiated cART during the chronic phase of infection experience plasma viral rebound upon cessation of therapy. Current research on the treatment of HIV-infected individuals has been heavily focused on developing strategies aimed at achieving sustained virologic remission in the absence of cART. Thus, it is of great interest to investigate whether a potent HIV-specific monoclonal antibody, such as VRC01, can prevent plasma viral rebound in infected individuals upon discontinuation of cART. We propose to examine the effect of VRC01 on plasma viral rebound in HIV-infected individuals following analytical treatment interruption (ATI).



Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years to 65 Years  
Sexes Eligible for Study: All  
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No  


    1. Age 18-65 years old.
    2. HIV-1 infection and clinically stable.
    3. In general good health and with an identified primary health care provider for medical management of HIV infection and willing to maintain a relationship with a primary health care provider for medical management of HIV infection while participating in the study.
    4. CD4+ cell count >450 cells/mm^3 at screening.
    5. Documentation of continuous cART treatment with suppression of plasma viral level below the limit of detection for greater than or equal to 3 years. Subjects with blips (i.e., detectable viral levels on cART) prior to screening may be included provided they satisfy the following criteria:

  • The blips are <400 copies/mL, and

  • Succeeding viral levels return to levels below the limit of detection on subsequent testing.
  • Willingness to undergo ATI.
  • Laboratory values within pre-defined limits at screening:

  • Absolute neutrophil count >1,000/mm^3.

  • Hemoglobin levels >10.0 g/dL for men and >9.0 g/dL for women.

  • Platelet count >100,000/mm^3.

  • Prothrombin time (PT) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) <1.5 upper limit of normal (ULN).

  • Estimated or a measured creatinine clearance rate of greater than or equal to 50 mL/min as determined by the NIH Clinical Center laboratory.

  • AST and ALT levels of <2.5 x ULN.
  • Willingness to have samples stored for future research.

  • Reproductive Risks
    Contraception: The effects of VRC01 on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, men and women of childbearing potential must agree to use adequate pregnancy prevention per the investigator. This includes highly reliable established lifestyle of complete abstinence of potentially reproductive sexual activity, or use of BOTH a long term hormonal or barrier (e.g. implant, depot injection, IUD in female participant or female partner of participant) method of contraception that is fully effective prior to dosing, COMBINED WITH a barrier method (male or female condom) for all potentially reproductive sexual activity. Pregnancy prevention must be maintained as effective and practiced continuously for the duration of study participation. Females of childbearing-age must have a negative pregnancy test result prior to receiving VRC01. During the course of the study, if a female participant, or the partner of a male participant suspects or in fact becomes pregnant, the effected participant should inform the study staff immediately, as well as the woman's primary care physician. Subjects must use safe sex practices during the trial, and particularly during the ATI phase, when risk of transmission of HIV may be increased.
    1. Chronic hepatitis B, as evidenced by a positive test for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), or chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, as evidenced by a positive test for HCV RNA. Subjects with a positive test for HCV antibody and a negative test for HCV RNA are eligible.
    2. Documented virologic failure to >1 cART regimen.
    3. HIV immunotherapy or vaccine(s) received within 1 year prior to screening.
    4. Any licensed or experimental non-HIV vaccination (e.g., hepatitis B, influenza, pneumococcal polysaccharide) received within 2 weeks prior to study enrollment.
    5. Receipt of other investigational study agent within 28 days of enrollment.
    6. Any active malignancy that may require systemic chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
    7. Systemic immunosuppressive medications received within 3 months prior to enrollment (Not excluded: corticosteroid nasal spray or inhaler; topical corticosteroids for mild, uncomplicated dermatitis; or oral/parenteral corticosteroids administered for non-chronic conditions not expected to recur [length of therapy less than or equal to 10 days, with completion in greater than or equal to 30 days prior to enrollment]).
    8. History or other clinical evidence of:

  • Significant or unstable cardiac disease (e.g., angina, congestive heart failure, recent myocardial infarction).

  • Severe illness, malignancy, immunodeficiency other than HIV, or any other condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would make the subject unsuitable for the study.
  • Active drug or alcohol use or any other pattern of behavior that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with adherence to study requirements.
  • Breast-feeding.

    contacts and locations

    Contacts and Locations

    Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision.Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below.For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

    Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT02471326


    United States, Maryland
    National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
    Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)


    Principal Investigator: Michael C Sneller, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
    More Information

    More Information

    Additional Information:

    NIH Clinical Center Detailed Web Page

    Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT02471326   History of Changes  
    Other Study ID Numbers: 150140  
    Study First Received: June 12, 2015  
    Last Updated: October 2, 2017  
    Individual Participant Data    
    Plan to Share IPD: Yes  

    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes  
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No  

    Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

    HIV Neutralizing Antibodies
    HIV Therapy

    Additional relevant MeSH terms:
    HIV Infections processed this data on May 29, 2020
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