Clinical Trials


Vaginal Antibody Safety Trial: Safety Study of Monoclonal Antibodies to Reduce the Vaginal Transmission of Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (VAST)

This study has been completed
LeafBio, Inc.

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Boston University
The Miriam Hospital

Information provided by (Responsible Party)
LeafBio, Inc. Identifier

First received: October 9, 2015
Last updated: December 17, 2018
Last Verified: December 2018
History of Changes


The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and pharmacokinetics of MB66, a monoclonal antibody film for vaginal application that is being developed to potentially reduce the transmission of herpes simplex virus (HSV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Condition Intervention Phase
Herpes Simplex Infections

Drug : MB66
Drug : Placebo Film
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1, Single Center Study to Assess the Safety of MB66, a Combined Anti-HIV (VRC01-N) and Anti-HSV (HSV8-N) Monoclonal Antibody Film for Vaginal Application as Microbicide

Further study details as provided by LeafBio, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures

  • Incidence of Grade 2 or higher Adverse Events deemed related to study product [ Time Frame: Segment A, cumulative events to Day 7; Segment B, cumulative events to Day 10 ]
Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Naked eye visual assessment during speculum exam of the degree of film dissolution [ Time Frame: 1, 4, and 24 hours after dosing ]
  • Concentrations of MB66 antibodies in vaginal fluid sampled with Tear Flo (filter paper) wicks, and measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 1 hr and 4 hr post dose, day 1, day 6-10 and day 12-16 (Segment B only) ]
  • Concentrations of MB66 antibodies in serum by ELISA [ Time Frame: Screening visit, day 1, day 6-10 and day 12-16 (segment B only) ]

Enrollment: 38
Study Start Date: January 2016
Study Completion Date: July 2018
Primary Completion Date: July 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Segment A: Single MB66 Administration
10 mg of HSV8-N and 10 mg of VRC01-N monoclonal antibodies per MB66 film
Drug: MB66

10 mg of HSV8-N and 10 mg of VRC01-N monoclonal antibodies per MB66 film

Placebo Comparator: Segment B: Repeated Administrations Placebo Film
The placebo film is composed of the identical excipients as MB66 without the monoclonal antibodies.
Drug: Placebo Film

The placebo film is composed of the identical excipients as MB66 without the monoclonal antibodies.

Experimental: Segment B: Repeated Administrations MB66
10 mg of HSV8-N and 10 mg of VRC01-N monoclonal antibodies per MB66 film
Drug: MB66

10 mg of HSV8-N and 10 mg of VRC01-N monoclonal antibodies per MB66 film

Detailed Description:

This is a single center, Phase 1, randomized, single blind, placebo-controlled, two-segment study to assess the safety of the MB66 vaginal film. After appropriate screening, approximately 43 healthy women will be enrolled. The study will be divided into two sequential Segments. The first, Segment A, is a single-arm, single-dose, open label design. The 8 Segment A participants will receive a single dose of one full MB66 film. After dosing, subjects will be asked to maintain sexual abstinence and will be evaluated in person on Day 1 (24-hours post MB66 administration), by telephone on Day 3 or 4 and in person on the Day 6-10 Exit Visit, after which subjects will be allowed to resume sexual activity with study-provided condoms until three weeks after last exposure to film (to avoid male exposure to residual drug product). A placebo arm is not included in Segment A, because the very low risk of toxicity of the placebo film makes it unlikely that any toxicity observed in Segment A would be wrongly attributed to the active agents (mAbs) in the MB66 film. This conclusion is based on the known tolerance of the very similar vehicle used in a commercial polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-based vaginal film (VCF®), and the absence of toxicity of the MB66 placebo film in the very sensitive rabbit model after substantially higher dosing intensity and duration.
Completion of Segment A and a safety review of Segment A adverse events will trigger the initiation of Segment B, a repeat dose, randomized, two arm, single-blind, placebo-controlled design. Subjects will be randomized 1:1 into two groups (15 evaluable subjects per group) and be treated once daily with either 1 MB66 film or 1 vehicle control placebo film for seven consecutive days. For five days before, and for 7 days after the dosing period, subjects will be asked to maintain a period of sexual abstinence. Subjects will be evaluated in person on Day 0 (at 1 and 4 hours post MB66 in-clinic dosing), again on Day 1 (24 hr post dosing), by telephone on Day 3-4, and evaluated again in person on Day 7-8, after which, subjects will be allowed to resumed sexual activity with condoms required until three weeks after last film insertion. Subjects will be evaluated a last time on the Day 12-16 Exit Visit.
In addition to safety measures, pharmacokinetic evaluations will be done on Day 0, Day 1, and Day 7 in both Segments, and additionally on Day 14 for Segment B. Specifically, this study will evaluate the rate of MB66 film dissolution, the vaginal concentrations of the MB66 antibodies, and the degree of systemic absorption of the MB66 antibodies. A number of of exploratory objectives will also be evaluated, including assessment of the antiviral effect of the MB66 antibodies ex vivo in cervicovaginal lavage fluid from participants after dosing with MB66 film, the effects of MB66 and placebo films on the cervicovaginal microbial environment using pH, Nugent score, and bacterial ribosomal DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and comparison of the effect of MB66 and placebo films on cervicovaginal immune mediators by Luminex and ELISA assays. Segment B participants will also be asked to assess the acceptability of the MB66 vaginal film after 7 days of use.



Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years to 45 Years  
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female  
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: Yes  


Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 18 through 45 years (inclusive) at screening
  2. Able and willing to provide written informed consent to be screened for and enrolled in the study
  3. Able and willing to provide adequate locator information at screening
  4. HIV-uninfected based on testing performed by study staff at
  5. In general good health as determined by the site clinician
  6. Agree to abstain from any vaginal insertions, including products, douches, devices such as sex toys, or penile or oral intercourse from 5 days prior to Visit 2 (Enrollment Visit) until the final Study Visit (one week after last dose of study film). Only tampons during menses and clinically indicated speculum exams are allowed.
  7. Agree to use condoms provided by the study staff from one week after last use of study film until three weeks after last use of study film
  8. Willingness to undergo all study-related assessments and follow all study-related procedures
  9. Be currently using an effective method of contraception at enrollment (used continuously and with good compliance for the past 60 days as determined by participant self-report) with plans to continue use throughout the study period. Acceptable methods include any hormonal method (except vaginal ring); intrauterine device (IUD) inserted at least 90 days prior to enrollment; female sterilization; abstinent from sexual activity with male partner for the past 60 days; sexual activity with vasectomized partner; engages in sex exclusively with women.
  10. For participants 21 and older, a Pap result in the 36 calendar months prior to the Enrollment Visit consistent with Grade 0 according to the Female Genital Grading Table for Use in Microbicide Studies Addendum 1 to the DAIDS Table for Grading Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events satisfactory evaluation with no treatment required of non-Grade 0 Pap result per American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP) guidelines or per local standard of care, within the last 36 calendar months prior to enrollment. Note: For participants aged 18-21, a Grade-0 or adequately evaluated abnormal Pap smear is not required as the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology recommends initiating screening at age 21.
  11. At screening and enrollment, agrees not to participate in other research studies involving drugs, medical devices, or vaginal products while enrolled in this trial -

  • Exclusion Criteria:
  • Menopausal at screening (as defined as amenorrhea or irregular periods for one year or more without an alternative etiology)
  • Hysterectomy
  • Known adverse reaction to any of the study products (ever)
  • Known adverse reaction to latex (ever)
  • Non-therapeutic injection drug use in the 12 months prior to screening
  • Surgical procedure involving the pelvis in the 90 days prior to screening (includes dilation and curettage or evacuation, and cryosurgery; does not include cervical biopsy for evaluation of an abnormal pap smear or IUD placement)
  • Participation in a drug, spermicide and/or microbicide study in the 30 days prior to screening or anticipated participation in an investigational drug study in the next 8 weeks
  • Pregnancy within 90 days prior to screening
  • Lactating
  • Use of a diaphragm, NuvaRing®, or spermicide for contraception
  • As determined by the PI, a degree of menstrual cycle irregularity that would make it difficult to schedule follow up visits without interruption by menses
  • Active sexually transmitted infection or documented treatment of sexually transmitted infections in the last 6 months, including, but not limited to: chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, trichomonas, cervicitis or pelvic inflammatory disease, or currently active HSV lesions or other sores. (Participants seropositive for or with a history of HSV without current active lesions will not be excluded.)
  • Women who by history engage in condom-less intercourse with HIV-infected partners, or who exchange sex for money, shelter, or gifts, or who in the opinion of the investigators, may be at risk for HIV acquisition during the duration of the study
  • More than one sex partner within the past 3 months
  • Current sexual partner known by participant to be HIV seropositive
  • Current or planned use of pre-exposure prophylaxis against HIV infection
  • Currently active genital HSV lesions, or other genital tract epithelial disruption or inflammation
  • Current or episodic use of anti-herpes suppressive therapy
  • Urinary tract infection, symptomatic candidiasis, or symptomatic bacterial vaginosis within 14 days of enrollment, or currently residual symptoms thereof Note: women with these infections at screening can be enrolled after treatment and resolution of the infection.
  • Antibiotic or antifungal therapy (vaginal or systemic) within 7 days of enrollment
  • Use of systemic immunomodulatory medications within 4 weeks of enrollment
  • Menses or other vaginal bleeding at the time of enrollment* or expecting menses in the 10 days after enrollment (Segment A participants) or 16 days after enrollment (for Segment B participants)

  • *Note: for women with monthly cycles, every attempt will be made to enroll these participants in the first half of their menstrual cycle. Women who have vaginal bleeding at the scheduled Enrollment Visit may return at a different date to be re-examined and possibly enrolled provided they are still within the screening window and meet all criteria.
  • Lack of stable living conditions to allow reliable room temperature storage of study product (Segment B participants only)
  • At enrollment has any of the following laboratory abnormalities per the Division of AIDS (DAIDS) Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Version 2.0, Nov 2014:
    • Grade 1 or higher AST (aspartate aminotransferase) or ALT (alanine aminotransferase)
    • Grade 1 or higher creatinine
    • Grade 2 or higher hemoglobin
    • Grade 1 or higher platelets Note: otherwise eligible participants with an exclusionary test may be re-tested once during the screening process.
  • As determined by the Principal Investigator (PI), any subject who has any significant uncontrolled active or chronic cardiovascular, renal, liver, hematologic, neurologic, gastrointestinal, psychiatric, endocrine, respiratory, immunologic disorder or infectious disease, anticoagulation with warfarin or heparin; or any other condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would preclude provision of consent, make participation in the study unsafe, complicate interpretation of study outcome data, or otherwise interfere with achieving the study objectives.

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    Contacts and Locations

    Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision.Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below.For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

    Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT02579083


    United States, Rhode Island
    The Miriam Hospital
    Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02906

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    LeafBio, Inc.
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
    Boston University
    The Miriam Hospital
    More Information

    More Information

    Responsible Party: LeafBio, Inc. Identifier: NCT02579083   History of Changes  
    Other Study ID Numbers: MB66-01  
    Study First Received: October 9, 2015  
    Last Updated: December 17, 2018  

    Additional relevant MeSH terms:
    Herpes Simplex processed this data on June 02, 2020
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