Clinical Trials

MainTitle

Evaluating the Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of Bedaquiline and Delamanid, Alone and in Combination, For Drug-Resistant Pulmonary Tuberculosis

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)


Information provided by (Responsible Party)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier
NCT02583048

First received: October 20, 2015
Last updated: January 16, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020
History of Changes
Purpose

Purpose

This study evaluated the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of the anti-tuberculosis (TB) drugs bedaquiline (BDQ) and delamanid (DLM), alone and in combination, among participants (with or without HIV co-infection) taking multidrug treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) or rifampin-monoresistant TB (RR-TB).

Condition Intervention Phase
Tuberculosis
HIV Infections

Drug : Bedaquiline
Drug : Delamanid
Drug : Dolutegravir
Drug : Multidrug Background Treatment (MBT) for TB
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Trial of the Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of Bedaquiline and Delamanid, Alone and in Combination, Among Participants Taking Multidrug Treatment for Drug-Resistant Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures

  • Mean Change From Baseline in QTcF [ Time Frame: Baseline and at weeks 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22 and 24 ]
    Mean change from baseline in QTcF (ie, QTcF prolongation) in milliseconds (ms), where baseline QTcF was represented by QTcF durations measured at week 0, and post-baseline QTcF was represented by QTcF durations measured at weeks 8 through 24 (pooled). QTcF calculated as average of 1-3 available QTcF values per visit.
  • Post-Baseline QTcF [ Time Frame: Baseline and at weeks 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, and 24. ]
    Baseline and post-baseline absolute QTcF in milliseconds (ms) estimated using an ANOVA model, where baseline QTcF was represented by QTcF durations measured at week 0, and post-baseline QTcF was represented by QTcF durations measured at weeks 8 through 24 (pooled). QTcF calculated as average of 1-3 available QTcF values per visit. Interim analysis conducted when week 24 QT data was available for ≥12 participants stipulated 99.9% confidence interval; original coverage of 95% was widened to 95.1%.
Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With an Occurrence of QTcF Greater Than 500 Milliseconds (ms) [ Time Frame: At weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22 and 24 ]
    Participants who experienced QTcF greater than 500 ms at least once at any time from week 2 to 24. QTcF calculated as average of 1-3 available QTcF values per visit.
  • Percentage of Participants With an Increase in QTcF From Baseline of Greater Than 60 Milliseconds (ms) [ Time Frame: Baseline and at weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22 and 24 ]
    Participants who experienced QTcF increase from baseline greater than 60 ms at least once at any time from week 2 to 24. QTcF calculated as average of 1-3 available QTcF values per visit.
  • Changes in QTcF From Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and at weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24 and 28. ]
    Change from baseline in QTcF, calculated as the difference between each post-baseline week and week 0. (QTcF calculated as average of 1-3 available QTcF values per visit.)
  • Percentage of Participants With an Occurrence of QTcF >480 and ≤500 Milliseconds (ms) [ Time Frame: At weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22 and 24 ]
    Participants who experienced QTcF >480 and ≤500 ms at least once at any time from week 2 to 24. QTcF calculated as average of 1-3 available QTcF values per visit.
  • Percentage of Participants With an Occurrence of QTcF Increase From Baseline of >30 and ≤60 Milliseconds (ms) [ Time Frame: Baseline and at weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22 and 24 ]
    Participants who experienced QTcF increase from baseline of >30 and ≤60 ms at least once at any time from week 2 to 24. QTcF calculated as average of 1-3 available QTcF values per visit.
  • Means of PK Parameters for Bedaquiline and Its M2 Metabolite [ Time Frame: At weeks 2, 8 and 24 ]
    PK parameters consist of Cmin, Cmax and AUC. Estimated using noncompartmental methods applied to concentrations from intensive PK sampling, and visit-specific geometric mean ratios (Arm 3 relative to Arm 1). Concentrations dataset not yet provided to pharmacologist, therefore analysis results are delayed.
  • Means of PK Parameters for Delamanid and Its DM-6705 Metabolite [ Time Frame: Weeks 2, 8 and 24 ]
    PK parameters consist of Cmin, Cmax and AUC. Estimated using noncompartmental methods applied to concentrations from intensive PK sampling, and visit-specific geometric mean ratios (Arm 3 relative to Arm 2). Concentrations dataset not yet provided to pharmacologist, therefore analysis results are delayed.
  • Percentage of Participants With an Occurrence of Grade 3 or Higher Adverse Event [ Time Frame: From initiation of study TB treatment (week 0) to week 24 ]
    Participants with an occurrence of an adverse event (laboratory value, sign/symptom, diagnosis) of grade 3 or 4. Severity grading based on DAIDS AE Grading Table Version 2.0. Participants were counted once at the highest grade (grade 3 or grade 4).
  • Percentage of Participants Who Discontinued Study TB Drug(s) For Any Reason [ Time Frame: From initiation of study TB treatment (week 0) to week 24 ]
    Percentage of participants who discontinued study TB drug(s) for any reason
  • Percentage of Participants Who Died [ Time Frame: From initiation of study TB treatment (week 0) to week 24 ]
    Among participants who took at least one dose of study TB treatment, percentage of participants who died on or before week 24. Note that the all-cause mortality includes deaths that occurred at any time during treatment or follow-up through week 128.

Enrollment: 84
Study Start Date: August 15, 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 15, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 7, 2019 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm 1: Bedaquiline
Participants received 400 mg of bedaquiline once a day for 2 weeks followed by 200 mg of bedaquiline three times a week for 22 weeks. Participants also received Multidrug Background Treatment (MBT) for TB. For HIV-positive participants only, one 50 mg tablet of Dolutegravir was taken in combination with two NRTIs until study completion.
Drug: Bedaquiline

Four 100 mg tablets (400 mg) orally once a day for 2 weeks, followed by two 100 mg tablets (200 mg) orally three times a week for 22 weeks.

Other Name: Sirturo
Drug: Dolutegravir

For HIV-positive participants only: one 50 mg tablet orally once daily, to be used in combination with two NRTIs until study completion. (NRTIs were not provided by the study.)

Other Name: Tivicay
Drug: Multidrug Background Treatment (MBT) for TB

A standardized MBT regimen for MDR- or RR-TB except in cases where a participant had known resistance to one of the components of local standard treatment. MBT was provided by the local program.

Experimental: Arm 2: Delamanid
Participants received 100 mg of delamanid twice a day for 24 weeks. Participants also received Multidrug Background Treatment (MBT) for TB. For HIV-positive participants only, one 50 mg tablet of Dolutegravir was taken in combination with two NRTIs until study completion.
Drug: Delamanid

Two 50 mg tablets (100 mg) orally with food twice a day for 24 weeks.

Other Name: Deltyba
Drug: Dolutegravir

For HIV-positive participants only: one 50 mg tablet orally once daily, to be used in combination with two NRTIs until study completion. (NRTIs were not provided by the study.)

Other Name: Tivicay
Drug: Multidrug Background Treatment (MBT) for TB

A standardized MBT regimen for MDR- or RR-TB except in cases where a participant had known resistance to one of the components of local standard treatment. MBT was provided by the local program.

Experimental: Arm 3: Bedaquiline and Delamanid
Participants received 400 mg of bedaquiline once a day and 100 mg of delamanid twice a day for 2 weeks. They then received 200 mg of bedaquiline three times a week and 100 mg of delamanid twice a day for 22 weeks. Participants also received Multidrug Background Treatment (MBT) for TB. For HIV-positive participants only, one 50 mg tablet of Dolutegravir was taken in combination with two NRTIs until study completion.
Drug: Bedaquiline

Four 100 mg tablets (400 mg) orally once a day for 2 weeks, followed by two 100 mg tablets (200 mg) orally three times a week for 22 weeks.

Other Name: Sirturo
Drug: Delamanid

Two 50 mg tablets (100 mg) orally with food twice a day for 24 weeks.

Other Name: Deltyba
Drug: Dolutegravir

For HIV-positive participants only: one 50 mg tablet orally once daily, to be used in combination with two NRTIs until study completion. (NRTIs were not provided by the study.)

Other Name: Tivicay
Drug: Multidrug Background Treatment (MBT) for TB

A standardized MBT regimen for MDR- or RR-TB except in cases where a participant had known resistance to one of the components of local standard treatment. MBT was provided by the local program.

Detailed Description:

Bedaquiline (BDQ) and delamanid (DLM) are two newly approved anti-TB drugs and are both well tolerated. However, the combined effect of these two drugs has not been studied. Combining these two drugs, together with other anti-TB drugs, may improve outcomes for people with MDR-TB or RR-TB. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of BDQ and DLM, alone and in combination, among participants (with or without HIV co-infection) taking multidrug treatment for MDR-TB or RR-TB, and specifically to evaluate the effect of these drugs on the heart.
Participants were randomly assigned to one of three arms: participants in Arm 1 received BDQ, participants in Arm 2 received DLM, and participants in Arm 3 received BDQ and DLM. All participants received their assigned study drugs for 24 weeks together with multidrug background treatment (MBT) for MDR-TB or RR-TB (not provided by the study). HIV-infected participants also received dolutegravir, to be used in combination with two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) until study completion. NRTIs were not provided by the study. At study entry participants were initially required to be hospitalized for 2 months, however after an interim analysis, the period of hospitalization was shortened to 2 weeks.
Study visits occurred at entry, each week for 8 weeks after study entry, every other week until week 24, and at weeks 28, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96 and 128. Visits included physical examinations, blood collection, urine collection, sputum sample collection, hair sample collection, chest x-rays, pregnancy testing, electrocardiograms (ECGs), and adherence questionnaires.
Participants were also asked to take part in an optional cerebrospinal fluid sampling study that entailed a lumbar puncture, to be done at weeks 8 or 24.

Eligibility

Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years and older  
Sexes Eligible for Study: All  
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No  

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Documented pulmonary infection due to strains of MTB with (a) resistance to isoniazid (INH) and rifampin (RIF) (MDR-TB) or (b) resistance to RIF but not INH (RR-TB) from a sputum sample collected within 60 days prior to entry.
  • Laboratory confirmation of infection with an MTB strain that is susceptible to fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides within 60 days prior to entry.
  • HIV-1 infection status documented as either absent or present, as defined below:
    • Absence of HIV-1 infection, within 60 days prior to entry. OR
    • HIV-1 infection
  • For HIV-positive participants only: CD4+ count greater than or equal to 100 cells/mm^3 within 60 days prior to entry.
  • For HIV-positive participants only: For participants on ART for greater than or equal to 6 months and have an HIV-1 viral load greater than 500 copies/mL within 60 days prior to entry, a HIV-1 genotype within 60 days prior to entry must have shown that at least one fully active NRTI was available to the participant within the country program.
  • For females of reproductive potential, a negative serum pregnancy test within 48 hours prior to entry
  • All participants of reproductive potential who are participating in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy must have agreed to use one method of birth control while receiving TB study medications and for 6 months after stopping TB study medications.
  • Participants who were not of reproductive potential were eligible without requiring the use of contraceptives.
  • For HIV-positive female participants of reproductive potential, the use of contraceptives was required for the full duration of time the participant was taking dolutegravir (ie, through study completion at week 128).
  • Chest x-ray performed within 60 days prior to entry to classify participant as having cavitary or non-cavitary disease
  • Documentation of Karnofsky performance score greater than or equal to 50 within 14 days prior to study entry
  • Ability and willingness of participant or legally authorized representative to provide informed consent
  • Willingness to be hospitalized for the required inpatient component of the study
  • Taking MBT for a minimum of 7 days within the 10 days prior to entry


Exclusion Criteria:
  • History of clinically relevant, currently active or underlying gastrointestinal, hepatic, cardiovascular, nervous system, psychiatric, metabolic (e.g., untreated hypothyroidism), renal, respiratory (other than due to TB), inflammatory, neoplastic, skin, immunological or infectious disease, which is not stable and controlled, that in the opinion of the investigator would preclude safe participation in the trial
  • Current clinically relevant extrapulmonary TB, in the opinion of the site investigator, including but not limited to central nervous system (CNS) TB or TB osteoarthritis
  • Previous treatment for MDR- or RR-TB, other than for the qualifying episode, at any time in the past
  • Receipt of BDQ or DLM at any time in the past
  • Breastfeeding
  • QTcF interval greater than 450 ms within 72 hours prior to entry
  • Clinically significant ECG abnormality in the opinion of the site investigator within 60 days prior to entry, including but not limited to second or third degree atrioventricular (AV) block, prolongation of the QRS complex over 120 ms (in both male and female participants), or clinically important arrhythmia
  • Current clinically relevant cardiovascular disorder in the opinion of the site investigator, including but not limited to heart failure, coronary heart disease, arrhythmia, or tachyarrhythmia
  • Known family history of Long QT Syndrome in a first-degree relative (i.e., parent, offspring, or sibling)
  • Requirement or expected requirement for protease inhibitors (PIs), efavirenz (EFV), or any other medication that is a moderate to strong inhibitor or inducer of CYP3A and CYP3A4 over the 24 weeks of study treatment. NOTE: Participants taking a PI or EFV can be switched to a treatment that is allowed in the study, but the PI must be stopped at least 2 days prior to starting study MDR- or RR-TB drugs and EFV must be stopped at least 7 days prior to starting study MDR- or RR-TB drugs.
  • Requirement or expected requirement for a medication that significantly prolongs QTc, including but not limited to moxifloxacin (levofloxacin is acceptable), from 72 hours prior to study entry through 4 weeks after discontinuation of study treatment (week 28)
  • Requirement or expected requirement of clofazimine, from 7 days prior to study entry through week 24 (discontinuation of study treatment).
  • For individuals receiving the WHO short course regimen that contains clofazimine, receipt of more than 21 cumulative days of clofazimine at any time prior to, or at the time of, study entry.
  • Known allergy/sensitivity or any hypersensitivity to components of study TB drugs or their formulation or to the nitroimidazole class of antibiotics
  • Active drug or alcohol use or dependence that, in the opinion of the site investigator, would interfere with adherence to study requirements
  • Any of the following laboratory abnormalities within 14 days prior to entry:
    1. Serum creatinine greater than 1.4 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    2. Lipase greater than 1.6 x ULN
    3. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) greater than 2.5 x ULN
    4. Total bilirubin greater than 1.6 x ULN
    5. Potassium less than 3.4 or greater than 5.6 mmol/L; magnesium less than 0.59 mmol/L; calcium less than 1.75 mmol/L
  • Known current hepatitis B or C infection, current treatment for hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection, or positive for hepatitis B surface antigen or hepatitis C antibodies within 60 days prior to entry
  • Among participants with HIV infection, in whom use of dolutegravir (DTG) is anticipated, any of the following:
    1. Unstable liver disease (as defined by the presence of ascites, encephalopathy, coagulopathy, esophageal varices, or persistent jaundice), known biliary abnormalities (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones)
    2. History or presence of allergy to DTG or its components
    3. Severe hepatic impairment (Class C) as determined by Child-Pugh classification
    4. Previous use of raltegravir
  • Documentation of any new and/or unstable AIDS-defining illness (other than TB) as defined by the CDC within 60 days prior to entry
  • Acute or serious illness (other than TB) requiring systemic treatment and/or
hospitalization within 60 days prior to entry

contacts and locations

Contacts and Locations

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision.Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below.For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02583048

Locations

Peru
Barranco CRS
Lima, Peru, 15063
South Africa
Task Applied Science (TASK) CRS
Cape Town, Western Cape Province, South Africa, 7530
South African Tuberculosis Vaccine Initiative (SATVI) CRS
Cape Town, Western Cape Province, South Africa, 7705

Sponsors and Collaborators

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Investigators

Study Chair: Kelly Dooley, MD, PhD Johns Hopkins Adult AIDS CRS
Study Chair: Gary Maartens, MBChB, MMed University of Cape Town
More Information

More Information

Additional Information:

Location of DAIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Version 2.0, November 2014

Additional Information:

Location of Version 2.0 the DAIDS EAE Manual for Expedited AE Reporting

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)  
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02583048   History of Changes  
Other Study ID Numbers: A5343  
  12005  
Study First Received: October 20, 2015  
Last Updated: January 16, 2020  

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
Dolutegravir
Bedaquiline
Diarylquinolines

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on April 08, 2020
This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov.