Clinical Trials

MainTitle

Pharmacokinetic Effect of Evotaz/Microgynon Co-administration

This study has been terminated
( Insufficient enrolment and "business reasons" )

Sponsor
St Stephens Aids Trust

Collaborator
Bristol-Myers Squibb

Information provided by (Responsible Party)
St Stephens Aids Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier
NCT02697851

First received: February 2, 2016
Last updated: December 29, 2017
Last Verified: December 2017
History of Changes
Purpose

Purpose

This study will investigate the pharmacokinetic of evotaz (atazanavir/cobicistat) and microgynon (ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel ) when administered alone and together. There will be two study arms, who will take the medications in different orders:

GROUP 1: Microgynon 30® for 21 days, Followed by Microgynon 30® for 21 days plus Evotaz® for 14 days, Followed by Evotaz® for 14 days GROUP 2: Evotaz® for 14 days followed by 7 days wash-out, Followed by Microgynon 30® for 21 days plus Evotaz® for 14 days, Followed by Microgynon 30® for 14 days (participants may chose to complete a 21 day pack). The total duration of the study is 57 days (+screening and follow up visits) and patients will have 3 intensive pharmacokinetic days on days 14, 35 and 56.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV

Drug : Microgynon 30®
Drug : Evotaz®
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: The Effect of Atazanavir/Cobicistat on the Pharmacokinetics of an Oral Contraceptive Containing Ethinylestradiol and Levonorgestrel (Microgynon 30®) in Healthy Women

Further study details as provided by St Stephens Aids Trust:

Primary Outcome Measures

  • assess the pharmacokinetics of ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel and atazanavir/cobicistat during co-administration in HIV negative female healthy volunteers, as measured by Cthrough [ Time Frame: 26 to 36 weeks ]
    Trough concentration (Ctrough) is defined as the concentration at 24 hours after the observed drug dose
  • assess the pharmacokinetics of ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel and atazanavir/cobicistat during co-administration in HIV negative female healthy volunteers, as measured by Cmax [ Time Frame: 26 to 36 weeks ]
    Cmax defined as the maximum observed plasma concentration.
  • assess the pharmacokinetics of ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel and atazanavir/cobicistat during co-administration in HIV negative female healthy volunteers, as measured by t1/2 [ Time Frame: 26 to 36 weeks ]
    t1/2 = Elimination half-life
  • assess the pharmacokinetics of ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel and atazanavir/cobicistat during co-administration in HIV negative female healthy volunteers, as measured by Tmax [ Time Frame: 26 to 36 weeks ]
    Tmax = time point at Cmax
  • assess the pharmacokinetics of ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel and atazanavir/cobicistat during co-administration in HIV negative female healthy volunteers, as measured by total drug exposure [ Time Frame: 26 to 36 weeks ]
    Total drug exposure is expressed as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from 0-24 hours after dosing (AUC0-24h)
Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • assess the safety and tolerability of the studied drug when co-administered to HIV negative female healthy volunteers, assessed by Division of AIDS (DAIDS) Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 26 to 36 weeks ]
    studied drug: ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel and atazanavir/cobicistat
  • investigate the association between genetic polymorphisms in drug disposition genes and drug exposure as measured by Peak plasma concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: 26 to 36 weeks ]
    investigate the association between genetic polymorphisms in drug disposition genes and drug exposure
  • investigate the association between genetic polymorphisms in drug disposition genes and drug exposure as measured by trough concentration (Ctrough) [ Time Frame: 26 to 36 weeks ]
    investigate the association between genetic polymorphisms in drug disposition genes and drug exposure
  • investigate the association between genetic polymorphisms in drug disposition genes and drug exposure as measured by Area under the plasma concentration versus time curve (AUC) [ Time Frame: 26 to 36 weeks ]
    investigate the association between genetic polymorphisms in drug disposition genes and drug exposure

Enrollment: 13
Study Start Date: July 2016
Study Completion Date: October 31, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 31, 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group 1
Microgynon 30® for 21 days, Followed by Microgynon 30® for 21 days plus Evotaz® for 14 days, Followed by Evotaz® for 14 days
Drug: Microgynon 30®
Other Name: Ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel
Drug: Evotaz®
Other Name: Atazanavir /cobicistat
Experimental: Group 2
Evotaz® for 14 days followed by 7 days wash-out, Followed by Microgynon 30® for 21 days plus Evotaz® for 14 days, Followed by Microgynon 30® for 14 days (participants may chose to complete a 21 day pack). The total duration of the study is 57 days (+screening and follow up visits) and patients will have 3 intensive pharmacokinetic days on days 14, 35 and 56
Drug: Microgynon 30®
Other Name: Ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel
Drug: Evotaz®
Other Name: Atazanavir /cobicistat

Detailed Description:

Protocol Number: SSAT069
EudraCT Number: 2015-004799-30
Name of Investigational Product: Microgynon 30®; Evotaz®
Name of active ingredients: Ethinylestradiol, levonorgestrel; atazanavir, cobicistat
Study title: The effect of atazanavir/cobicistat on the pharmacokinetics of an oral contraceptive containing ethinylestradiol and levonorgestrel (Microgynon 30®) in healthy women
Phase of study: Phase I
Objectives: The objectives of this study are:
Primary

  • To assess the pharmacokinetics of ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel and atazanavir/cobicistat during co-administration in HIV negative female healthy volunteers


Secondary
  • To assess the safety and tolerability of ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel and atazanavir/cobicistat when co-administered to HIV negative female healthy volunteers
  • To investigate the association between genetic polymorphisms in drug disposition genes
and drug exposure
Study design: 57 days (excluding screening and follow up), open label, cross-over, pharmacokinetic study
Indication: Not applicable
Methodology: Measurements of steady state pharmacokinetic profiles of plasma ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel and atazanavir/cobicistat
Planned sample size: Up to 30 female healthy volunteers will be enrolled at baseline in order to achieve 18 completing the study
Summary of eligibility criteria: Healthy female participants as determined by medical history, physical examination, 12-lead electrocardiogram, and clinical laboratory evaluations will be eligible to participate in the study. Women of childbearing potential must not be nursing or pregnant. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at screening.
Number of study centres: One
Duration of treatment: 57 days (excluding screening and follow up visits)
Dose and route of administration: All participants will be administered Microgynon 30® (ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel 30 micrograms/150 micrograms) and Evotaz® (atazanavir 300 mg/cobicistat 150 mg) as follows:
GROUP 1:
Microgynon 30® for 21 days Followed by Microgynon 30® for 21 days plus Evotaz® for 14 days Followed by Evotaz® for 14 days
GROUP 2:
Evotaz® for 14 days followed by 7 days wash-out Followed by Microgynon 30® for 21 days plus Evotaz® for 14 days Followed by Microgynon 30® for 14 days (participants may chose to complete a 21 day pack)
Criteria for evaluation: Pharmacokinetic parameters of ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel and atazanavir/cobicistat will be evaluated on blood drawn on day 14, 35 and 56 at 0 (pre-dose), 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24 hours post dose
Safety and tolerability of medications will also be assessed by questions, physical examination and laboratory parameters. These will be performed at regular intervals during the drug study.
Primary Endpoint: Steady state plasma concentrations of ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel and atazanavir/cobicistat during co-administration in HIV negative female healthy volunteers

Secondary
    End point: Safety and tolerability of the studied drugs during co-administration

Relationship between genetic polymorphisms and exposure to the studied drugs

Eligibility

Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years to 35 Years  
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female  
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: Yes  

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must meet all of the following inclusion criteria within 28 days prior to the baseline visit:
    1. The ability to understand and sign a written informed consent form, prior to participation in any screening procedures and must be willing to comply with all study requirements
    2. Non-pregnant, non-lactating females.
    3. Between 18 to 35 years, inclusive
    4. Body Mass Index (BMI) of 18 to 35 kg/m2, inclusive
    5. ALT, alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin ≤ 1.5xULN (isolated bilirubin >1.5xULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%). A single repeat is allowed for eligibility determination.
    6. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must be using an additional adequate method of contraception to avoid pregnancy throughout the study and for a period of at least 4 weeks after the study (these include only the ones listed below, as no other hormone-based contraception is allowed during the study)

    A female may be eligible to enter and participate in the study if she:

  • is of non-child-bearing potential defined as physically incapable of becoming pregnant with documented tubal ligation, hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or,

  • is of child-bearing potential with a reliable negative pregnancy test at both Screening and Day 1 with no risk in between and agrees to use one of the following methods of contraception to avoid pregnancy from screening, throughout the study, and for at least 4 weeks after discontinuation of all study medications:

  • Complete abstinence from penile-vaginal intercourse

  • Double barrier method (male condom/spermicide, male condom/diaphragm, diaphragm/spermicide);

  • Any intrauterine device (IUD) with published data showing that the expected failure rate is <1% per year (please note that not all IUDs meet this criterion)

  • Male partner sterilization confirmed prior to the female subject's entry into the study, and this male is the sole partner for that subject;

  • Any other method with published data showing that the expected failure rate is <1% per year and not containing hormones.

  • Any contraception method must be used consistently, in accordance with the approved product label and for at least four weeks after discontinuation of IMP. ~#o2~ Willing to consent to their personal details being entered onto the TOPS database
  • Willing to provide proof of identity by photographic ID at screen and any subsequent visit
  • Registered with a GP in the UK

  • Exclusion Criteria:
  • Participants who meet any of the following exclusion criteria are not to be enrolled in this study.
    1. Any clinically significant acute or chronic medical illness
    2. Evidence of organ dysfunction or any clinically significant deviation from normal in physical examination, vital signs, ECG or clinical laboratory determinations
    3. Positive blood screen for hepatitis B surface antigen or C antibody
    4. Positive blood screen for HIV-1 or 2 by antibody/antigen assay
    5. Current or chronic history of liver disease, or known hepatic or biliary abnormalities (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones)
    6. Any medical contra-indication to the use of combined oral contraceptives.
    7. History or presence of allergy to oral contraceptives, atazanavir and cobicistat or excipients (sodium methyl parahydroxybenzoate, lactulose, Hypromellose Colloidal silicon dioxide, Silicified microcrystalline cellulose Crospovidone, Magnesium stearate, Polyvinyl alcohol- partially hydrolysed, Macrogol 3350,Titanium dioxide, Talc, Iron oxide red, Iron oxide black, Lactose monohydrate, Magnesium stearate, Gelatine Yellow iron oxide, Indigocarmin (E132), White ink, Shellac,Titanium dioxide (E171), Ammonium hydroxide, Propylene glycol , Simethicone, Hypromellose, Polyvinyl alcohol- partially hydrolysed, Macrogol 3350)
    8. Current or recent (within three months) gastrointestinal disease
    9. Known intolerance of lactose monohydrate, sunset yellow aluminium lake (E110), and patients with galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency, or glucose-galactose malabsorption
    10. Clinically relevant alcohol or drug use (positive urine drug screen) or history of alcohol or drug use considered by the Investigator to be sufficient to hinder compliance with treatment, follow-up procedures or evaluation of adverse events. Smoking is permitted, but tobacco intake should remain consistent throughout the study
    11. Exposure to any investigational drug (or placebo) or participation in a clinical study involving the donation of blood samples within three months of first dose of study drug
    12. Use of any medical products containing estrogens and/or progesteron, including IUS, implants etc. for 4 weeks before screening
    13. Use of any other drugs (unless approved by the Investigator), including over-the-counter medications and herbal preparations, within two weeks prior to first dose of study drug, unless approved/prescribed by the Principal Investigator as known not to interact with study drugs
    14. Females of childbearing potential without the use of effective non-hormonal birth
    control methods, or not willing to continue practising these birth control methods for at least four weeks after the end of the treatment period

    contacts and locations

    Contacts and Locations

    Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision.Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below.For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

    Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02697851

    Locations

    United Kingdom
    St Stephen's Centre, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
    London, United Kingdom, SW10 9NH

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    St Stephens Aids Trust
    Bristol-Myers Squibb

    Investigators

    Principal Investigator: Marta Boffito St Stephen's AIDS Trust
    More Information

    More Information


    Responsible Party: St Stephens Aids Trust  
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02697851   History of Changes  
    Other Study ID Numbers: SSAT069  
    Study First Received: February 2, 2016  
    Last Updated: December 29, 2017  
    Individual Participant Data    
    Plan to Share IPD: Undecided  

    Additional relevant MeSH terms:
    Atazanavir Sulfate
    Cobicistat
    Levonorgestrel
    Ethinyl estradiol, levonorgestrel drug combination
    Ethinyl Estradiol-Norgestrel Combination
    Ethinyl Estradiol

    ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on June 02, 2020
    This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov.