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MainTitle

Swiss HCVree Trial (HCVree)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)

Verified October 2017 by University of Zurich

Sponsor
University of Zurich


Information provided by (Responsible Party)
University of Zurich
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier
NCT02785666

First received: May 17, 2016
Last updated: October 9, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017
History of Changes
Purpose

Purpose

The investigators aim at investigating the efficacy of grazoprevir/elbasvir ±ribavirin in HIV-positive MSM participating in the SHCS in a broader setting of coinfected MSM. The study pursues a comprehensive approach of a treat, counsel and cure strategy exploring the impact of such a strategy in a representative HIV/HCV-coinfected MSM population. This study is a nested project of the Swiss HIV Cohort Study entitled "The Swiss HCVree Trial".

Condition Intervention Phase
Hepatitis C
HIV

Drug : grazoprevir/elbasvir, ribavirin
Behavioral : Behavioural Intervention
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III, Multi-center, Open-label Trial to Investigate the Impact of a Treat, Counsel and Cure Strategy in Men Who Have Sex With Men With Hepatitis C Infection in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study

Further study details as provided by University of Zurich:

Primary Outcome Measures

  • Virological efficacy of grazoprevir/elbasvir ±ribavirin: SVR rates at week 12 after treatment stop. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks after treatment stopp, i.e. week 24. ]
    The main analysis will be the evaluation of SVR 12 weeks after end of treatment (SVR12). We will determine the proportion of patients with an SVR12 (HCV viral load< 20 copies per ml) in intention to treat analyses including all patients who have received at least one dose of the study compound. Per protocol analyses will also be performed.
Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety of grazoprevir/elbasvir ±ribavirin: frequency of adverse events and serious adverse events. [ Time Frame: At week 0, week 4, week 6, week 8, week 12, week 16, and week 24. ]
    AE will be assessed at every study-visit using standardized AE forms from the electronic case Report form
  • Change in condom use before and after the behavioural Intervention [ Time Frame: At week 0, week 12, and week 24. ]
    Changes in condom use will be assessed as mediators for behaviour change. The behavioral intervention will be evaluated as a case-control study with the behavioural intervention as the exposure and a switch from "reporting condom-less sex" to "not reporting condom-less sex" as the outcome.
  • Change in recreational drug use before and after the behavioural intervention [ Time Frame: At week 0, week 12, and week 24. ]
    Changes in recreational drug use will be assessed as mediators for behaviour change. The behavioral intervention will be evaluated as a case-control study with the behavioural intervention as the exposure and a switch from "reporting recreational drug use" to "not reporting recreational drug use" as the outcome.
  • Change in condom use attitude before and after the behavioural intervention [ Time Frame: At week 0, week 12, and week 24. ]
    Changes in attitude of condom use use will be assessed as mediators for behaviour change. The behavioral intervention will be evaluated as a case-control study with the behavioural intervention as the exposure and a switch from "reporting condom-less sex" to "not reporting condom-less sex" as the outcom
  • Change in condom use self-efficacy before and after the behavioural intervention [ Time Frame: At week 0, week 12, and week 24. ]
    Changes in attitude of condom use self-efficacy will be assessed as mediators for behaviour change. The behavioral intervention will be evaluated as a case-control study with the behavioural intervention as the exposure and a switch from "reporting condom-less sex" to "not reporting condom-less sex" as the outcom
  • Change in condom use behaviour before and after the behavioural intervention [ Time Frame: At week 0, week 12, and week 24. ]
    Changes in attitude of condom use will be assessed as mediators for behaviour change. The behavioral intervention will be evaluated as a case-control study with the behavioural intervention as the exposure and a switch from "reporting condom-less sex" to "not reporting condom-less sex" as the outcom
  • Change in recreational drug use attitude before and after the behavioural intervention [ Time Frame: At week 0, week 12, and week 24. ]
    Changes in recreational drug use attitude will be assessed as mediators for behaviour change. The behavioral intervention will be evaluated as a case-control study with the behavioural intervention as the exposure and a switch from "reporting recreational drug use" to "not reporting recreational drug use" as the outcome.
  • Change in recreational drug use behaviour before and after the behavioural intervention [ Time Frame: At week 0, week 12, and week 24. ]
    Changes in recreational drug use behaviour will be assessed as mediators for behaviour change. The behavioral intervention will be evaluated as a case-control study with the behavioural intervention as the exposure and a switch from "reporting recreational drug use" to "not reporting recreational drug use" as the outcome.
  • Change in recreational drug use self-efficacy before and after the behavioural intervention [ Time Frame: At week 0, week 12, and week 24. ]
    Changes in recreational drug use self-efficacy will be assessed as mediators for behaviour change. The behavioral intervention will be evaluated as a case-control study with the behavioural intervention as the exposure and a switch from "reporting recreational drug use" to "not reporting recreational drug use" as the outcome.
  • HCV treatment uptake: proportion of potentially eligible MSM participating in this study. [ Time Frame: At week 0 ]
    Treatment uptake will be compared according to demographical and clinical characteristics. Descriptive statistics will be used to assess risk factors for not initiating HCV therapy.
  • Identification of presumed places of HCV acquisition and modes of HCV transmission: evaluation of patient's questionnaires [ Time Frame: At week 0 ]
    All patients will fill out an patient questionnaire at visit 1 where they are asked to provide information on the potential transmission mode (e.g., unprotected anal intercourse, intravenous drug use) of the HCV infection and the presumed places of acquisition (e.g. foreign country, Switzerland, city). This questionnairs will be analysed qualitatively.
  • Barriers to treatment: systematic documentation of exclusion reasons for HCV treatment by patient's questionnaire [ Time Frame: At week 0 ]
    Reasons not to start HCV treatment will be compared according to demographical and clinical characteristics. Descriptive statistics will be used to assess risk factors for not initiating HCV therapy.
  • Adherence to HCV treatment: proportion of patients which are adherent to ≥95% of prescribed pills [ Time Frame: At week 0, week 4, week 6, week 8, week 12, and week 24. ]
    Adherence will be defined as the proportion of study drug doses taken. Acceptable adherence will be met if at least 95% of the prescribed tablets are taken. Predictors of non-adherence will be assessed using logistic regression and adherence will be included as an explanatory variable into the model evaluating predictors of the primary outcome.
  • Impact of resistance associated variants: SVR 12 in GT 1a infected individuals stratified by presence of baseline RAV's. [ Time Frame: At week 24, i.e. 12 weeks after treament stopp ]
    In every patient with a GT 1a HCV infection a HCV resistance test will pe performed to determine resistance associated variants (RAV's) at baseline. Based on the presence of baseline RAVs the treatment duration will be prolonged to 16 weeks in addition to ribavirin as add-on to grazoprevir/elbasvir. The SVR 12 rates will then be analysed comparing the patients with and without baseline RAVs.
  • Assessment of HCV-specific cellular immune response: changes of HCV-specific T-cell functionality by ex vivo fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) before and after DAA therapy [ Time Frame: At week 0, and week 24 ]
    For the assessment of the cellular immune responses descriptive statistics will be used to compare changes before and after medical intervention and regression analysis to assess the influence of the immune responses on treatment failure and HCV re-infection.
  • Assessment of HCV-specific cellular immune response: changes of HCV-specific T-cell phenotype by ex vivo fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) before and after DAA therapy [ Time Frame: At week 0, and week 24 ]
    For the assessment of the cellular immune responses descriptive statistics will be used to compare changes before and after medical intervention and regression analysis to assess the influence of the immune responses on treatment failure and HCV re-infection.

Estimated Enrollment: 150
Study Start Date: June 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment and behavioural intervention:
Treatment intervention: Patients with a replicating GT 1 and/or 4 HCV infection without or with cirrhosis will be treated with grazoprevir/elbasvir (100mg/50mg) for 12 weeks. GT 1a infected patients with baseline RAV's and GT 4 infected patients with a history of prior HCV treatment failure without or with cirrhosis will be treated with the same regimen for 16 weeks, in combination with weight-adjusted ribavirin. Behavioural Intervention: Participants with inconsistent condom use with occasional partners will receive the behavioral Intervention and in addition standard of care written and oral information on prevention of HCV reinfection. Study participants with consistent condom use or those reporting inconsistent condom use with occasional partners but not willing to participate in the intervention will receive standard of care written and oral information on prevention of HCV reinfection only
Drug: grazoprevir/elbasvir, ribavirin

To investigate the virological efficacy and safety of grazoprevir/elbasvir ±ribavirin for HIV/HCV-coinfected MSM with a GT 1 and/or 4 infection

Other Name: Zepatier, Rebetol
Behavioral: Behavioural Intervention

To counsel the targeted population with a behavioral intervention regarding the reduction of sexual risk behaviour and recreational drug use.

Detailed Description:

The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is increasing in HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) participating in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS). MSM with high-risk sexual behaviour are recognized to be the main drivers of the current HCV epidemic. However, in Switzerland treatment with the newest available direct acting agents (DAAs) is currently restricted to patients with a METAVIR fibrosis score ≥2 (i.e., patients with beginning or advanced liver fibrosis or cirrhosis) by the federal office of public health due to the tremendous costs of these DAAs. Within the study population (i.e. HIV-infected MSM with a replicating HCV-infection in Switzerland), about 90% of individuals have a METAVIR fibrosis score <2. As a consequence, HCV therapy with new DAAs is not covered by health insurances for the majority of this population. However, there is evidence that HCV treatment should not be delayed until the development of advanced liver disease. Treating HIV/HCV-coinfected individuals independently of their liver fibrosis score can prevent the development of liver related complications and the transmission of HCV infection.
The once daily oral combination regimen grazoprevir/elbasvir was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in January 2016 for the treatment of genotype (GT) 1 and 4 HCV infection in mono- and HIV/HCV coinfected patients. In phase III clinical trial, a 12-week course of grazoprevir/elbasvir showed high efficacy with sustained virologic response (SVR) rates of ≥95%, and favourable tolerability. A 16 weeks treatment with grazoprevir/elbasvir in combination with weight-adjusted ribavirin is necessary in GT 1a infected patients with baseline resistance associated variants (RAV's) and GT 4 infected patients with a history of prior failure to HCV-treatment. Grazoprevir/elbasvir has only robust data from phase 2 and 3 clinical trials for GT 1, 4 HCV infections.
Of note, GT 1, 4 infections account for ~90% of HCV infections in the MSM population in the SHCS.
HCV reinfection remains a concern among MSM, who can be re-exposed to HCV through high-risk sexual behaviours after successful HCV treatment. A recent review shows evidence that behavioural interventions in high risk MSM have the potential to be effective at least in short term reduction of sexual risk behaviours.
To date the knowledge about the HCV-specific immune responses during DAA treatment is sparse. An effective adaptive cellular immunity is known to play a crucial role in spontaneous viral eradication after primary infection.
The investigators aim at investigating the efficacy of grazoprevir/elbasvir ±ribavirin in HIV-positive MSM participating in the SHCS in a broader setting of coinfected MSM. The study pursues a comprehensive approach of a treat, counsel and cure strategy exploring the impact of such a strategy in a representative HIV/HCV-coinfected MSM population. This study is a nested project of the Swiss HIV Cohort Study entitled "The Swiss HCVree Trial".

Eligibility

Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years and older  
Sexes Eligible for Study: Male  
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No  

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Informed consent documented by signature
  • Participation in the SHCS
  • Male individual ≥18 years old
  • Homosexual or bisexual preference/transmission mode according to the SHCS entry state and/or in the opinion of the study physician.
  • Replicating HCV infection (i.e., positive HCV-RNA-test).
  • HCV GT 1 and/or 4 infection.


Exclusion Criteria:
  • Contraindications to grazoprevir/elbasvir and ribavirin due to significant drug-drug interactions (DDI) (e.g., HIV protease inhibitors) according to the Liverpool drug-interaction data base.
  • Contraindications to grazoprevir/elbasvir and ribavirin, e.g. known hypersensitivity or allergy to the class of drugs or the investigational product.
  • Participant is under the age of legal consent, is mentally or legally incapacitated, has significant emotional problems at the time of pre-study screening visit or expected during the conduct of the study or has a history of a clinically significant psychiatric disorder which, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with the study procedures.
  • Inability to follow the study procedures (e.g. language barriers, psychiatric disorders
  • Known or suspected non-adherence to study-procedures.
  • Currently participating or has participated in a study with an investigational compound within 30 days of signing informed consent and is not willing to refrain from participating in another such study during the course of this study.
  • Enrolment of the investigator, his/her family members, employees and other dependent persons.
  • Participant suffers from clinically significant concomitant diseases (for the detailed list of diseases we refer to the according section of this protocol).
  • Participant has a history of malignancy ≤5 years prior to signing informed consent or is under evaluation for other active or suspected malignancy.
  • Participant has a history of opportunistic infection in the preceding 6 months prior to screening.
  • Participants with mixed HCV infection of genotype 1, 4 or 6 with genotype 2, 3 or 5.
  • Participant is coinfected with HBV-DNA positive hepatitis B virus (of note, HBsAg positive individuals with suppressed HBV-DNA might be included).
  • Participant has evidence of decompensated liver disease.
  • Liver cirrhosis Child-Pugh Class B or C, or who have a Pugh-Turcotte (CPT) score >5,
  • Participant has cirrhosis and liver imaging within 6 months of Day 1 showing evidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or is under evaluation for HCC.
  • Participant has clinically-relevant drug or alcohol abuse at the PI's discretion within 12 months of screening.
  • Participant is a male whose female partner(s) is/are pregnant (this is a contraindication for ribavirin use)
  • Participant has exclusionary laboratory values at the screening visit (for the table
containing these laboratory values we refer to the according section of this protocol).

contacts and locations

Contacts and Locations

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision.Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below.For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02785666

Contacts

Contact:   Dominique L Braun, MD 0041442559196 dominique.braun@usz.ch

Locations

Switzerland
Division of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich Recruiting
Zurich, Switzerland, 8091
Contact: Dominique Laurent Braun, MD    +41442559196    dominique.braun@usz.ch

Sponsors and Collaborators

University of Zurich

Investigators

Principal Investigator: Dominique L Braun, MD University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich
More Information

More Information


Responsible Party: University of Zurich  
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02785666   History of Changes  
Other Study ID Numbers: BASEC 2016-00131  
Study First Received: May 17, 2016  
Last Updated: October 9, 2017  

Keywords provided by University of Zurich:

Men who have sex with men
Elimination

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis
Hepatitis C
Ribavirin

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on October 23, 2017
This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov.