Clinical Trials

MainTitle

Chidamide in Combination With ART for Reactivation of the Latent HIV-1 Reservoir

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor
Tang-Du Hospital

Collaborator
Chipscreen Biosciences, Ltd.
Zhejiang University
First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University

Information provided by (Responsible Party)
Yongtao Sun, MD, PhD, Tang-Du Hospital

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier
NCT02902185

First received: September 6, 2016
Last updated: April 24, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018
History of Changes
Purpose

Purpose

HIV replication can be effectively suppressed and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(AIDS) can be prevented with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). However, HIV-infected people must remain on treatment continuously to avoid viral rebound and progression to AIDS. HIV persistence is thought to stem primarily from the presence of integrated copies of the proviral genome within long-lived cells. Because active viral gene expression causes cell death due to viral cytopathic effects and the immune response, long-lived cells likely harbor transcriptionally silent, latent provirus. HIV-1 persistence in long-lived cellular reservoirs remains a major barrier to a cure. HDACi have the potential to activate ("Kick") these latently infected cells. This will make the HIV infected cells visible to the immune system; the immune response and antiretrovirals(ARVs) will be able to attack and eliminate ("Kill") the infected cells. This study is subsequent to our NCT02513901. The purpose of this study is to verify the efficacy of multi-dose Chidamide in combination with antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected adults with suppressed viral load in a randomized controlled clinical trial.

Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic HIV Infections

Drug : ART plus Chidamide
Drug : ART plus Placebo
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy of the Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor Chidamide in Combination With Antiretroviral Therapy for Reactivation of the Latent HIV-1 Reservoir:a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Further study details as provided by Yongtao Sun, MD, PhD, Tang-Du Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures

  • Change in HIV transcription measured as cell associated HIV-1 RNA (copies per 10E6 PBMCs) [ Time Frame: Measured on week 0, 2, 4, 8, 12, 14, 16, 24 ]
  • Change in HIV production measured as plasma HIV RNA (by Roche COMBAS TaqMan HIV-1 Test version 2.0) [ Time Frame: Measured on week 0, 2, 4, 8, 12, 14, 16, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96 ]
  • Change in HIV-1 reservoir size measured in PBMCs by Total HIV-1 DNA(copies per 10E6 PBMCs) [ Time Frame: Measured on week 0, 2, 4, 8, 12, 14, 16, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96 ]
Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety and tolerability evaluation as measured by adverse events (AE), adverse reactions (AR), serious adverse events (SAE), serious adverse reactions (SAR), serious unexpected adverse reactions (SUSAR) [ Time Frame: Measured through 96 weeks ]
  • Cell surface markers of immune activation and immune checkpoints and so on [ Time Frame: Measured on week 0, 2, 4, 8, 12, 14, 16, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96 ]
  • Plasma inflammatory biomarkers [ Time Frame: Measured on week 0, 4, 8, 12, 16, 24, 48, 72, 96 ]

Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: November 29, 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date: August 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Chidamide
Chidamide will be administrated 10mg each time, twice a week, interval not less than 3 days for 12 weeks.
Drug: ART plus Chidamide

Chidamide will be administrated 10mg each time, twice a week, interval not less than 3 days for 12 weeks.Antiretroviral therapy will be kept during entire study.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo-controlled
Placebo with the same taste and appearance like Chidamide will be administrated 10mg each time, twice a week, interval not less than 3 days for 12 weeks.
Drug: ART plus Placebo

Placebo will be administrated 10mg each time, twice a week, interval not less than 3 days for 12 weeks.Antiretroviral therapy will be kept during entire study.

Detailed Description:

Sixty participants will be recruited and stratified by their CD4 cell count(30 for <500 cells/μL and 30 for ≥500 cells/μL). Each layer was 1:1 randomly divided into Chidamide group or Placebo-controlled group.Chidamide and Placebo will be administrated 10mg each time, twice a week, interval not less than 3 days. Chidamide and Placebo intervention will last 12 consecutive weeks. All participants will keep their antiretroviral therapy during this study.
This study will last for 96 weeks, involving 16 study visits(Screening, Week 0, 2, 4, 8, 12, 14, 16, 20, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96) for every participant. At the screening visit, participants will give a medical history and will undergo a physical exam; blood samples will be collected. If participants agree, their blood samples may be stored for future research.

Eligibility

Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years to 65 Years  
Sexes Eligible for Study: All  
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No  

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Documented HIV-1 infection
  • Currently receiving cART and having received cART for a minimum of 24 months, HIV-1 plasma RNA <20 copies/mL for at least 1.5 year (excluding viral load blips)
  • CD4 T cell count >350 cells/mm3
  • Able, willing to give written informed consent and to adhere to therapy and to comply with time requirements for study visits and evaluations
  • Adequate vascular access for leukapheresis


Exclusion Criteria:
  • Acute HIV-1 infection
  • Received blood transfusions or hematopoetic growth factors within 3 months receipt of compounds with HDAC inhibitor-like activity, such as valproic acid within the last 1 month. Potential participants may enroll after a 30-day washout period.
  • Any significant acute medical illness in the past 8 weeks
  • Any evidence of an active AIDS-defining opportunistic infection
  • Hepatitis B or C infection as indicated by the presence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or hepatitis C virus RNA (HCV-RNA) in blood
  • Patient has the following laboratory values within 3 weeks before starting the investigational drug
    1. Hepatic transaminases (AST or ALT) ≥3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    2. Serum total bilirubin ≥1.5 ULN
    3. Serum creatinine levels ≥1.5 x ULN, or calculated creatinine clearance ≤60 ml/min
    4. Platelet count ≤100 x109/L
    5. Absolute neutrophil count ≤1.5x109/L
    6. Serum potassium, magnesium, phosphorus outside normal limits
    7. Total calcium (corrected for serum albumin) or ionized calcium ≤lower normal limits
  • A personal history of clinically significant cardiac disease, symptomatic or asymptomatic arrhythmias, syncopal episodes, or additional risk factors for Torsades de pointes (e.g. heart failure)
  • History of malignancy or transplantation, including skin cancers or Kaposi sarcoma
  • History of diabetes mellitus
  • Known hypersensitivity to the components of chidamide or its analogues
  • Pregnancy or breast feeding, or expecting to father children within the projected duration of the study
  • Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation
with the requirements of the trial

contacts and locations

Contacts and Locations

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision.Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below.For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02902185

Locations

China
The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University
Nanning, Guangxi, China
Department of Infectious Diseases, Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University
Xi'an, Shaanxi, China, 710038
Zhejiang University
Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China

Sponsors and Collaborators

Tang-Du Hospital
Chipscreen Biosciences, Ltd.
Zhejiang University
First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University
More Information

More Information


Responsible Party: Yongtao Sun, MD, PhD, Director of Department of Infectious Diseases, Tang-Du Hospital  
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02902185   History of Changes  
Other Study ID Numbers: 2016TD-Chidamide RCT  
Study First Received: September 6, 2016  
Last Updated: April 24, 2018  
Individual Participant Data    
Plan to Share IPD: No  

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No  
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No  

Keywords provided by Yongtao Sun, MD, PhD, Tang-Du Hospital:

Chidamide
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor
HIV-1 Reservoir
Chronic HIV infections
HIV Eradication
Antiretroviral Therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 19, 2019
This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov.