Clinical Trials


Integrating HIV and Depression Self-Care to Improve Adherence in Perinatal Women

The recruitment status of this study is unknown.

Verified January 2017 by Yale University

Yale University

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

Information provided by (Responsible Party)
Yale University Identifier

First received: January 6, 2017
Last updated: January 6, 2017
Last Verified: January 2017
History of Changes


Depression is a common perinatal complication that can have a profound, adverse effect on maternal and child health outcomes. The proposed study will directly address this important, but understudied area by evaluating the feasibility and preliminary effect of an innovative, integrated intervention approach, BEST-maCARE [Better Education, Support, Treatment for maternal Capacity, Adherence, REtention in care]. The multi-component intervention is guided by a model drawn from self-regulation and bioecological systems theory. Proactive counseling personalized to the patient and socio-cultural context is delivered by trained clinic personnel (e.g., counselors) to build problem solving and coping skills and linkages to mental health, HIV treatment and ancillary services. The theory-guided intervention approach has been found effective in improving the health behavior and outcomes (e.g., virologic) of vulnerable, marginalized HIV+ women and men in rural and urban settings in the US (AI38858-ACTG 731; R01NR05108). Although the investigators formative research suggests that it is well suited for the target population, its usefulness in addressing significant gaps in care among perinatal women.

l women with co-morbid conditions in a different socio-cultural, limited resource setting has not been studied.

Condition Intervention
HIV Infections

Behavioral : BEST-maCARE
Behavioral : Attention Control Condition

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Integrating HIV and Depression Self-Care to Improve Adherence in Perinatal Women

Further study details as provided by Yale University:

Primary Outcome Measures

  • Program feasibility and acceptability composite [ Time Frame: 6 weeks post-delivery ]
    We will use protocol specific tools to measure feasibility, user acceptability, fidelity and safety of the intervention and study protocol. The assessment will include: 1) The ratio of eligible study participants to those enrolled; 2) Number of scheduled study visits completed; 3) Attrition between baseline and follow-up; 4) Reason for premature drop-out; 5) Number of phone calls that were made on schedule; 6) Level of participation in intervention sessions including the total number sessions, number of sessions completed without break offs, number of break offs, length (minutes) of sessions; 7) Congruence of topic/content discussed on calls with protocol; 8) Patient and study nurse satisfaction with intervention content, mode of delivery, and protocol; 9) Adverse events.
  • the participant's medication adherence (self-report-ACTG Adherence Questionnaire) [ Time Frame: 6 weeks post-delivery ]
  • viral load (serum HIV-1 RNA) [ Time Frame: 6 weeks post-delivery ]
  • depression (self-report-EPDS -Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale) [ Time Frame: 6 weeks post-delivery ]
    This scale is a 10-item self-report questionnaire with a possible score range of 0 to 30. Items 1, 2, and 4 are scored 0, 1, 2 or 3 with the top box scored as 0 and the bottom box scored as 3. Items 3 and 5-10 are reverse scored, with the top box scored as 3 and the bottom box scored as 0. The cut-off point for detecting depression was identified as a score of >10. Cases with scores ≥14 were considered to be severely depressed.

Estimated Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: January 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: BEST-maCARE
BEST-maCARE intervention will be refined to accommodate our target population using pertinent information attained through interviews conducted with patients representative of the target group and stakeholders from the clinics where the intervention will be pilot tested.
Behavioral: BEST-maCARE

Features of the integrated BEST-maCARE intervention approach include: Integration of depression screening and linkages to HIV and mental health treatment in the context of perinatal care; A trained, clinic-based nurse (study nurse) plays a mediating role between the health system and its beneficiaries; scheduling of appointments; and, accompanying the patient as needed to initial appointments if desired, and, follow up. Low cost, mobile phone technology is used for frequent one:to:one patient contact with a health care provider (the study nurse) to facilitate continuity of care (for mental health, HIV and pregnancy across the continuum of care from prenatal through postpartum) and promotion of self-care (adherence) and retention in care with a theory-guided, empirically-supported, standardized counseling intervention that is delivered proactively by the study nurse over 18 weeks.

Active Comparator: time-matched attention control condition
Participants will be randomly assigned. The control group will receive an intervention that is time and attention equivalent to the experimental condition, though substantively neutral.
Behavioral: Attention Control Condition

The control group will receive an intervention that is time and attention equivalent to the experimental condition. The attention effect that is likely with provision of a mobile phone in the experimental condition will be controlled by providing mobile phone to the control group participants and, they will receive time matched calls from the study nurse with content of the calls focused on infant and maternal nutritional health education per Indian National Guidelines. The phone will be used for delivery of the interventions and may also be used by study staff for purposes of establishing contact or to collect survey interview data if necessary. Time, date, and content of all phone contacts will be documented by the nurse and evaluated in the analysis.

Detailed Description:

The investigators plan to examine the intervention among perinatal women in Bangalore, India in a two phase developmental study. The theory-guided core elements of the intervention will be maintained, but the content and form of the intervention and study procedures that are context/socio-culturally-specific will be adapted in the first phase of the study to enhance relevance and acceptability among the target population. During the second phase of the project, the investigators will train clinic personnel to deliver the intervention and then pilot test the feasibility, acceptability and fidelity of the novel application of the intervention in a randomized controlled trial. After baseline assessment, participants (n=40) will be randomly assigned to BEST-maCARE or a time-matched attention control condition (each delivered over 18 weeks) and outcomes (e.g., depressive symptoms, adherence) evaluated at 6, 12, 18, and 24 weeks post-randomization.
The specific aims are:

  1. Conduct elicitation research with patients and providers in Maharashtra, Delhi, Bangalore and Varanasi, India to gain a more nuanced understanding of the sociocultural context and women's perceived assets and barriers to care to guide adaptation of the Best-maCare intervention protocol to optimize socio-cultural relevance, feasibility and acceptability among perinatal women with co-morbid HIV and depression in this setting.
  2. Evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and fidelity of the study procedures and the
adapted, standardized Best-maCare and the attention control conditions and explore their preliminary effect in a randomized, controlled pilot study.
2a) The investigators primary thesis is that the adapted Best-maCare will be feasible and acceptable to women living with HIV in Bangalore, India and other stakeholders. In addition, we expect the fidelity of the intervention will be maintained, and, in keeping with the guiding conceptual framework, that there will be a positive relationship between the Best-maCare intervention and women's medication adherence, engagement in care (HIV, mental health, 6-week postpartum health care services) and health outcomes (HIV-1 RNA, depression, 6-weeks postpartum visit).
The focus of this registration is Aim 2.



Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years and older  
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female  
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No  


Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant, HIV+ women, in third trimester (≥28 weeks-delivery)
  • Eligible for ART treatment or prophylaxis for the PMTCT, during pregnancy, peripartum and postnatal transmission
  • screen positive for depressive symptoms
  • Speak English, Hindi or Kannada
  • Able to provide informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:
  • Unable to participate in study visits
  • Any condition that, in the opinion of the site investigator, would compromise the
candidate's ability to participate.

contacts and locations

Contacts and Locations

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision.Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below.For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT03016546


Contact:   Nancy Reynolds


Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Lok Nayak Hospital, G.B. Pant Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research Hospital and Guru Nanak Eye Center Recruiting
New Delhi, India, 110002
Contact: : Anuradha Subramanian, MD    + 91-11-23234924

Sponsors and Collaborators

Yale University
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)


Principal Investigator: Nancy Reynolds Yale University School of Nursing
More Information

More Information

Responsible Party: Yale University Identifier: NCT03016546   History of Changes  
Other Study ID Numbers: 00002571  
Study First Received: January 6, 2017  
Last Updated: January 6, 2017  
Individual Participant Data    
Plan to Share IPD: No  

Keywords provided by Yale University:


Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depressive Disorder processed this data on June 02, 2020
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