Clinical Trials

MainTitle

A Combination Efficacy Study in Africa of Two DNA-MVA-Env Protein or DNA-Env Protein HIV-1 Vaccine Regimens With PrEP (PrEPVacc)

This study is not yet open for participant recruitment. (see Contacts and Locations)

Verified August 2019 by Prof Pontiano Kaleebu, MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on Aids

Sponsor
MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on Aids

Collaborator
Imperial College London
University College, London
International AIDS Vaccine Initiative
EuroVacc Foundation
Medical Research Council, South Africa
National Institute for Medical Research, Tanzania
Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
Instituto Nacional de Saúde, Mozambique
Ludwig-Maximilians - University of Munich
King's College London
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois
Karolinska Institutet
CONRAD
Gilead Sciences

Information provided by (Responsible Party)
Prof Pontiano Kaleebu, MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on Aids

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier
NCT04066881

First received: August 8, 2019
Last updated: August 21, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
History of Changes
Purpose

Purpose

This international, multi-centre, double-blind vaccine study is a three-arm prospective 1:1:1 randomisation comparing each of two experimental combination vaccine regimens i.e. DNA/AIDSVAX (weeks 0,4,24,48) and DNA/CN54gp140 (weeks 0,4) + MVA/CN54gp140 (weeks 24,48) with placebo control. There will be a concurrent open-label 1:1 randomisation to compare daily TAF/FTC (week 0-26) to daily TDF/FTC (weeks 0-26) as pre-exposure prophylaxis.

The study aims to randomise up to 1668 eligible adults (18-40 years) through collaborating clinical research centres in 4 countries (Mozambique; South Africa; Tanzania; and Uganda). Each participant will be followed for a minimum of 74 weeks after enrolment.

The trial is designed to detect a reduction in HIV incidence that has public health relevance sufficient to justify implementation of the combination vaccine regimen. In light of the high level of effectiveness demonstrated in the PrEP trials (up to 86% reduction in HIV), this trial is powered to detect a protective vaccine efficacy of 70% at the final analysis.

The PrEP component will determine whether the effectiveness of TAF/FTC is unacceptably lower than the effectiveness of TDF/FTC.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections

Biological : Vaccine Group A: DNA-HIV-PT123 and AIDSVAX® B/E (weeks 0,4,24,48)
Biological : Vaccine Group B: DNA-HIV-PT123 and CN54gp140+MPLA-L (weeks 0,4), then MVA and CN54gp140+MPLA-L (weeks 24,48)
Biological : Vaccine Group C: Saline placebo (weeks 0,4,24,48)
Drug : Control PrEP:TDF/FTC once daily (weeks 0-26)
Drug : Experimental PrEP:TAF/FTC once daily (weeks 0-26)
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Group A: DNA-HIV-PT123/AIDSVAX B/E®/TDF/FTC (Truvada) once daily (wks 0-26) Group B: DNA-HIV-PT123 and CN54gp140+MPLA-L (wks 0,4), then MVA-CMDR and CN54gp140+MPLA-L/ TDF/FTC(Truvada) once daily (wks 0-26) Group C: Saline placebo (wks 0,4,24,48)/ TDF/FTC (Truvada) once daily (wks 0-26) Group D: DNA-HIV-PT123/AIDSVAX B/E®/ TAF/FTC (Descovy) once daily (wks 0-26) Group E: DNA-HIV-PT123 and CN54gp140+MPLA-L (wks 0,4), then MVA-CMDR and CN54gp140+MPLA-L/ TAF/FTC (Descovy) once daily (wks 0-26) Group F: Saline placebo (wks 0,4,24,48)/ TAF/FTC (Descovy) once daily (wks 0-26) Group G: Saline placebo (wks 0,4,24,48)/ TAF/FTC (Descovy) once daily (wks 0-26)
Masking: Triple (Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase IIb Three-arm, Two-stage HIV Prophylactic Vaccine Trial With a Second Randomisation to Compare TAF/FTC to TDF/FTC as Pre-exposure Prophylaxis

Further study details as provided by Prof Pontiano Kaleebu, MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on Aids:

Primary Outcome Measures

  • Incident HIV infection [ Time Frame: after week 26 ]
    HIV acquisition by a participant who completed three immunisations and was HIV negative at week 26.
  • Incident HIV infection [ Time Frame: week 0-26 ]
    HIV acquisition at or before week 26 by a participant who was HIV negative at enrolment
  • A clinical decision to discontinue the vaccine regimen for an adverse event that is considered related to product [ Time Frame: week 0-48 ]
    A clinical decision to discontinue the vaccine regimen for an adverse event that is considered related to product
  • A clinical decision to discontinue PrEP regimen for an adverse event that is considered related to product [ Time Frame: week 0-26 ]
    A clinical decision to discontinue PrEP regimen for an adverse event that is considered related to product
Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Grade 3 and worse solicited clinical and laboratory adverse events [ Time Frame: week 0-74 ]
    Grade 3 and worse solicited clinical and laboratory adverse events
  • Discontinuation or interruption of vaccine regimen [ Time Frame: week 0-74 ]
    A clinical decision to discontinue or interrupt the vaccine regimen for an adverse event that is considered related to product
  • Discontinuation or interruption of PrEP [ Time Frame: week 0-26 ]
    A clinical decision to discontinue or interrupt the PrEP regimen for an adverse event that is considered related to product
  • Grade 3 and worse solicited clinical and laboratory adverse events [ Time Frame: within 7 days of receiving vaccine injection ]
    Grade 3 and worse solicited clinical and laboratory adverse events
  • Serious adverse events [ Time Frame: week 0-74 ]
    Serious adverse events
  • Other clinical and laboratory adverse events [ Time Frame: week 0-74 ]
    Other clinical and laboratory adverse events
  • Binding antibodies [ Time Frame: week 0-74 ]
    Binding antibodies to Cn54gp140 and AIDSVAX® B/E gp120
  • Resistance mutations to tenofovir and emtricitabine [ Time Frame: week 0-74 ]
    Genotypic resistance at HIV seroconversion, focussing on the mutations selected by tenofovir and emtricitabine (codons 65, 70, 184 in reverse transcriptase)
  • Number of PrEP pills missed [ Time Frame: week 0-26 ]
    Adherence to PrEP assessed by self-report
  • Tenofovir level in urine [ Time Frame: week 0-26 ]
    Adherence to PrEP assessed by results of point of care urine tests
  • Tenofovir level in red blood cells [ Time Frame: week 0-26 ]
    Adherence assessed by TFV DP levels measured on DBS in red blood cells
  • Number of PrEP Pills dispensed [ Time Frame: week 0-26 ]
    Adherence assessed by total number of PrEP pills dispensed

Estimated Enrollment: 1668
Anticipated Study Start Date: January 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date: March 2023 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group A
278 participants will receive DNA-HIV-PT123 vaccine and AIDSVAX® B/E protein at weeks 0, 4, 24 and 48. 1ml of DNA-HIV-PT123 will be injected into the deltoid muscle of the left upper arm 1ml of AIDSVAX® B/E will be injected into the deltoid muscle of the right arm 1 tab of Truvada (0-26 weeks)
Biological: Vaccine Group A: DNA-HIV-PT123 and AIDSVAX® B/E (weeks 0,4,24,48)
  • DNA-HIV-PT123 HIV vaccine includes three DNA plasmids that encode clade C ZM96 Gag, clade C ZM96 Env, and CN54 Pol-Nef.
  • AIDSVAX® B/E is a bivalent HIV gp120 glycoprotein encompassing both subtype B (MN) and subtype E (A244) proteins that are adsorbed onto 600mcg of aluminum hydroxide gel suspension as adjuvant.

Drug: Control PrEP:TDF/FTC once daily (weeks 0-26)

Each tablet of Truvada contains 245mg of tenofovir disoproxil (TDF) and 200mg of emtricitabine (FTC), both of which are nucleot/side analogue HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors.

Other Name: Truvada
Experimental: Group B
278 participants will receive DNA-HIV-PT123 and CN54gp140+MPLA-L at weeks 0 and 4, then MVA and CN54gp140+MPLA-L at weeks 24 and 48 1ml of DNA-HIV-PT123 will be injected into the deltoid muscle of the left upper arm 1ml (1x108 pfu) of MVA will be injected into the deltoid muscle of the left upper arm 0.4mL containing a mixture of 100mcg CN54gp140 and 5mcg MPLA-L will be injected into the deltoid muscle of the right upper arm 1 tab of Truvada (0-26 weeks)
Biological: Vaccine Group B: DNA-HIV-PT123 and CN54gp140+MPLA-L (weeks 0,4), then MVA and CN54gp140+MPLA-L (weeks 24,48)
  • DNA-HIV-PT123 (see above)
  • CN54gp140+MPLA-L. Recombinant CN54gp140 is a HIV-1 envelope protein from the clade C strain 97/CN/54 isolate, which comprises a sequence of 634 amino acids. MPLA is a non-toxic version of LipoPolySaccharide (LPS), which is isolated from the LPS lipid A region of Salmonella Minnesota R595 and retains the immune-stimulatory properties of LPS, but exhibits low toxicity.
  • MVA-CMDR (Modified Vaccinia Ankara-Chiang Mai Double Recombinant) is a non-replicating, highly attenuated strain of Vaccina virus that has been genetically engineered to express the HIV-1 genes envgp160 CM235 Subtype E and gag and pol CM240 Subtype A (integrase-deleted and reverse transcriptase non-functional).

Drug: Control PrEP:TDF/FTC once daily (weeks 0-26)

Each tablet of Truvada contains 245mg of tenofovir disoproxil (TDF) and 200mg of emtricitabine (FTC), both of which are nucleot/side analogue HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors.

Other Name: Truvada
Placebo Comparator: Group C:
278 participants will receive Sodium Chloride 0.9% (Normal Saline) placebo at weeks 0,4,24, and 48 The volume will be matched to the vaccine at 1ml for DNA, MVA and AIDSVAX® B/E, but 0.4ml for CN54gp140 in MPLA-L. Participants will be randomly divided in a 1:1 ratio to receive 1ml in each arm at the four timepoints or 1ml in the left arm and 0.4ml in the right arm at the four timepoints. 1 tab of Truvada (0-26 weeks)
Biological: Vaccine Group C: Saline placebo (weeks 0,4,24,48)

Sodium Chloride (NaCl) for injection, 0.9%

Drug: Control PrEP:TDF/FTC once daily (weeks 0-26)

Each tablet of Truvada contains 245mg of tenofovir disoproxil (TDF) and 200mg of emtricitabine (FTC), both of which are nucleot/side analogue HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors.

Other Name: Truvada
Active Comparator: Group D
278 participants will receive DNA-HIV-PT123 vaccine and AIDSVAX® B/E protein at weeks 0, 4, 24 and 48. 1ml of DNA-HIV-PT123 will be injected into the deltoid muscle of the left upper arm 1ml of AIDSVAX® B/E will be injected into the deltoid muscle of the right arm 1 tab of Descovy (0-26 weeks)
Biological: Vaccine Group A: DNA-HIV-PT123 and AIDSVAX® B/E (weeks 0,4,24,48)
  • DNA-HIV-PT123 HIV vaccine includes three DNA plasmids that encode clade C ZM96 Gag, clade C ZM96 Env, and CN54 Pol-Nef.
  • AIDSVAX® B/E is a bivalent HIV gp120 glycoprotein encompassing both subtype B (MN) and subtype E (A244) proteins that are adsorbed onto 600mcg of aluminum hydroxide gel suspension as adjuvant.

Drug: Experimental PrEP:TAF/FTC once daily (weeks 0-26)

Each tablet of Descovy contains 25mg of tenofovir alfenamide (TAF) and 200mg of emtricitabine (FTC), both of which are nucleot/side analogue HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors.

Other Name: Descovy
Experimental: Group E
278 participants will receive DNA-HIV-PT123 and CN54gp140+MPLA-L at weeks 0 and 4, then MVA and CN54gp140+MPLA-L at weeks 24 and 48 1ml of DNA-HIV-PT123 will be injected into the deltoid muscle of the left upper arm 1ml (1x108 pfu) of MVA will be injected into the deltoid muscle of the left upper arm 0.4mL containing a mixture of 100mcg CN54gp140 and 5mcg MPLA-L will be injected into the deltoid muscle of the right upper arm 1 tab of Descovy (0-26 weeks)
Biological: Vaccine Group B: DNA-HIV-PT123 and CN54gp140+MPLA-L (weeks 0,4), then MVA and CN54gp140+MPLA-L (weeks 24,48)
  • DNA-HIV-PT123 (see above)
  • CN54gp140+MPLA-L. Recombinant CN54gp140 is a HIV-1 envelope protein from the clade C strain 97/CN/54 isolate, which comprises a sequence of 634 amino acids. MPLA is a non-toxic version of LipoPolySaccharide (LPS), which is isolated from the LPS lipid A region of Salmonella Minnesota R595 and retains the immune-stimulatory properties of LPS, but exhibits low toxicity.
  • MVA-CMDR (Modified Vaccinia Ankara-Chiang Mai Double Recombinant) is a non-replicating, highly attenuated strain of Vaccina virus that has been genetically engineered to express the HIV-1 genes envgp160 CM235 Subtype E and gag and pol CM240 Subtype A (integrase-deleted and reverse transcriptase non-functional).

Drug: Experimental PrEP:TAF/FTC once daily (weeks 0-26)

Each tablet of Descovy contains 25mg of tenofovir alfenamide (TAF) and 200mg of emtricitabine (FTC), both of which are nucleot/side analogue HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors.

Other Name: Descovy
Placebo Comparator: Group G
278 participants will receive Sodium Chloride 0.9% (Normal Saline) placebo at weeks 0,4,24, and 48 The volume will be matched to the vaccine at 1ml for DNA, MVA and AIDSVAX® B/E, but 0.4ml for CN54gp140 in MPLA-L. Participants will be randomly divided in a 1:1 ratio to receive 1ml in each arm at the four timepoints or 1ml in the left arm and 0.4ml in the right arm at the four timepoints. 1 tab of Descovy (0-26 weeks)
Biological: Vaccine Group C: Saline placebo (weeks 0,4,24,48)

Sodium Chloride (NaCl) for injection, 0.9%

Drug: Experimental PrEP:TAF/FTC once daily (weeks 0-26)

Each tablet of Descovy contains 25mg of tenofovir alfenamide (TAF) and 200mg of emtricitabine (FTC), both of which are nucleot/side analogue HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors.

Other Name: Descovy

Detailed Description:

This international, multi-centre, double-blind vaccine study will be a three-arm prospective 1:1:1 randomisation comparing each of two experimental combination vaccine regimens with placebo control.
Pre-screening for risk and HIV status will take place as part of a Registration Cohort which will precede and continue in parallel to the PrEPVacc trial enrolments. This will give HIV negative volunteers time to learn about the PrEPVacc trial and facilitate timely enrolment.
Clinical screening for the vaccine trial will take place during the 8 weeks prior to randomisation from local communities in Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda where the clinical research centres are located. Eligible participants who are HIV-uninfected adults aged 18-40 years at high risk of HIV infection will be enrolled at week 0 and randomised to one of three vaccine arms:

  1. Vaccine group A: DNA-HIV-PT123 and AIDSVAX® B/E (weeks 0,4,24,48)
  2. Vaccine group B: DNA-HIV-PT123 and CN54gp140 in MPLA-L (wks 0,4), then MVA-CMDR and CN54gp140 in MPLA-L (wks 24,48)
  3. Vaccine group C: Saline Placebo (wks 0,4,24,48)

There will be a concurrent open-label 1:1 randomisation to one of two PrEP regimens:
  • Control PrEP: Daily TDF/FTC (week 0-26)
  • Experimental PrEP: Daily TAF/FTC (week 0-26) Participants will be randomised at each clinical centre through web randomisation after entering the quantifiable eligibility criteria. Randomisation will be stratified by centre and by gender for vaccines and for PrEP. Clinic staff and participants will be blind to allocation of active or placebo vaccines, but the pharmacist preparing the vaccines will know. As the volume of gp140 in MPLA-L is 0.4ml and given at the same timepoints as products with a volume of 1ml, clinic staff will be able to identify participants allocated to the CN54gp140 in MPLA-L or matched placebo.

  • Clinic staff and participants will know which PrEP agent each participant is allocated to. Participants will continue to receive study PrEP through to week 26 after which access to PrEP will revert to local supply of generic drug.
    The target accrual is around 1668 HIV uninfected adults, but this is an endpoint driven multi-arm, multi-stage (MAMS) trial design, and therefore the target may be adjusted following a recommendation from the IDMC. In addition, participants who do not complete the third immunisation will be replaced whilst this is feasible. Participants will be followed up for a minimum of 74 weeks after enrolment.
    The primary efficacy outcome measure for the vaccine analysis is HIV acquisition by a participant who completed three immunisations and was HIV negative at week 26.
    The primary efficacy outcome for the PrEP analysis is HIV acquisition at or before week 26 by a participant who was HIV negative at enrolment.
    The primary safety outcome for both analyses is a clinical decision to discontinue the vaccine or PrEP regimen for an adverse event that is considered related to product.
    This trial is designed to detect a reduction in HIV incidence that has public health relevance sufficient to justify implementation of the combination vaccine regimen. In light of the high level of effectiveness demonstrated in the PrEP trials (up to 86% reduction in HIV), this trial is powered to detect a protective vaccine efficacy of 70% at the final analysis.
    The PrEP component of the trial aims to show the effectiveness of TAF/FTC is not unacceptably lower than the effectiveness of TDF/FTC, assessed from the observed lower confidence limit for the Averted Infections Ratio (AIR).
    The Independent Data Monitoring Committee will review an interim analysis of vaccine efficacy in order to determine whether each active vaccine arm has demonstrated sufficient efficacy to warrant further investigation. This analysis will only consider new infections arising after the week 26 visit and only those in individuals who have completed the first three immunisations. The analysis will take place after approximately 7 of these infections have occurred in the placebo group. The investigators will not be informed of the timing of the interim analysis, unless there is a recommendation to modify the protocol.
    The PrEP analysis will consider new infections up to the week 26 visit in individuals who were HIV negative at enrolment.

    Eligibility

    Eligibility

    Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years to 40 Years  
    Sexes Eligible for Study: All  
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers: Yes  

    Criteria

    Inclusion criteria

    1. HIV uninfected adults aged between 18 and 40 years old on the day of screening
    2. Willing and able to provide informed consent prior to participation
    3. Willing and able to comply with the visit schedule and provide blood, urine and other samples at the required time points
    4. Home address accessible for visiting and intending to remain within the recruitment area for at least 82 weeks from screening
    5. Likely to be at risk from exposure to HIV during follow up
    6. Willing to undergo HIV testing, receive HIV test results and risk reduction counselling which includes promotion of PrEP and condoms
    7. If female, of child-bearing age and not sterilised, willing to use a highly effective method of contraception from screening until 18 weeks after the last injection
    8. If male and not sterilised, willing to avoid impregnating female partners from screening until 18 weeks after the last injection

    Exclusion criteria
  • HIV infection or indeterminate HIV result at screening or enrolment
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen positive
  • If female, currently pregnant (evidence from positive serum or urine pregnancy test), or lactating
  • Participating in another biomedical research study or in receipt of a live vaccine within 30 days prior to randomisation
  • Participation in a previous HIV vaccine or HIV immunotherapy trial
  • Receiving blood products or immunoglobulins within 12 weeks of screening
  • Known hypersensitivity to any component of the vaccine formulations used in this trial or history of severe or multiple allergies to vaccines, drugs or pharmaceutical agents
  • Presence of a systemic disease at the time of randomisation or history of chronic illness that in the opinion of the investigator may compromise the participant's safety, preclude vaccination or compromise an immune response to vaccine
  • Abnormalities in routine laboratory parameters (Hb, creatinine, AST/ALT, alkaline phosphatase, total Bilirubin and glucose) of Grade 2 and above using the DAIDS toxicity table, version 2.1 July 2017 or estimated glomerular filtration rate less than 50ml/min

    contacts and locations

    Contacts and Locations

    Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision.Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below.For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

    Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT04066881

    Contacts

    Contact:   Bernadette K Nayiga, MSc +25641770400 ext 187 Berna.kalanzi@mrcuganda.org
    Contact:   Eugene Ruzagira, PhD +256417704000 Eugene.ruzagira@mrcuganda.org

    Locations

    Uganda
    MRC/UVRI and LSHTM Uganda Research Unit Not yet recruiting
    Entebbe, Uganda
    Contact: Eugene Ruzagira, PHD    +256417704000    Eugene.ruzagira@mrcuganda.org
    Contact: Bernadette K Nayiga, MSc    +256417704000 ext 187    Berna.kalanzi@mrcuganda.org

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on Aids
    Imperial College London
    University College, London
    International AIDS Vaccine Initiative
    EuroVacc Foundation
    Medical Research Council, South Africa
    National Institute for Medical Research, Tanzania
    Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
    Instituto Nacional de Saúde, Mozambique
    Ludwig-Maximilians - University of Munich
    King's College London
    Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois
    Karolinska Institutet
    CONRAD
    Gilead Sciences

    Investigators

    Principal Investigator: Pontiano Kaleebu, PhD MRC/UVRI and LSHTM Uganda Resae
    Study Chair: Sheena McCormack, MSc MRC CTU at UCL
    Study Director: Jonathan Weber, PhD Imperial College London
    More Information

    More Information


    Responsible Party: Prof Pontiano Kaleebu, Principal Investigator, MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on Aids  
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04066881   History of Changes  
    Other Study ID Numbers: PV1  
    Study First Received: August 8, 2019  
    Last Updated: August 21, 2019  
    Individual Participant Data    
    Plan to Share IPD: Yes  

    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes  
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No  
    Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes  

    Keywords provided by Prof Pontiano Kaleebu, MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on Aids:

    HIV
    Vaccine
    Pre-exposure prophylaxis
    Africa

    Additional relevant MeSH terms:
    HIV Infections
    Emtricitabine, Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Drug Combination
    Vaccines

    ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on December 13, 2019
    This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov.