ClindamycinOther Names: Cleocin HCl, Cleocin Hydrochloride, Cleocin Pediatric, Cleocin Phosphate, clindamycin HCl, clindamycin palmitate hydrochloride Drug Class: Opportunistic Infections and Coinfections
What is clindamycin?
Clindamycin is an antibacterial prescription medicine approved by the U.S.(FDA) for the treatment of serious infections caused by certain types of bacteria. Examples of the infections include serious respiratory tract infections, skin and soft tissue infections, infections of the female pelvis and genital tract, and other infections.
Certain bacterial respiratory infections (such as What is an Opportunistic Infection? fact sheet.) are opportunistic infections (OIs) of HIV. An OI is an infection that occurs more frequently or is more severe in people with weakened immune systems—such as people with HIV—than in people with healthy immune systems. To learn more about OIs, read the
How is clindamycin used in people with HIV?
The Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents include recommendations on uses of clindamycin in people with HIV.
Using a medicine as indicated on the medicine label is called; using the medicine in a different way is called . Off-label use, for example, can include using a drug for a different disease or medical condition. Good medical practice and the best interests of a patient sometimes require that a medicine be used off-label.
The guidelines include recommendations on the following uses of clindamycin:On-label use:
- Treat Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia
- Treat pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP), Toxoplasma gondii (also called ), and
- Prevent Toxoplasma gondii encephalitis from recurring
The above list may not include all of the HIV-related uses of clindamycin recommended in the guidelines. Some recommended uses, such as uses in certain rare circumstances, may have been omitted.
What should I tell my health care provider before taking clindamycin?
Before taking clindamycin, tell your health care provider:
- If you are allergic to clindamycin or any other medicines.
- About any medical conditions you have or have had.
- About anything that could affect your ability to take medicines, such as difficulty swallowing or trouble with remembering a scheduled , or any health conditions that may prevent you from receiving medicine by injection or .
- If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Whether clindamycin can harm an unborn baby is unknown. Clindamycin should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed. Talk to your health care provider about possible risks with taking clindamycin when pregnant.
- If you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Do not breastfeed if you have HIV.
- About other prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Clindamycin may affect the way other medicines or products work, and other medicines or products may affect how clindamycin works. Ask your health care provider if there are interactions between clindamycin and the other medicines you take.
Ask your health care provider about possible side effects from clindamycin. Your health care provider will tell you what to do if you have side effects.
How should I take clindamycin?
Take clindamycin according to your health care provider’s instructions. Your health care provider will tell you how much clindamycin to take and when to take it. Before you start clindamycin and each time you get a refill, read any printed information that comes with your medicine.
How should clindamycin be stored?
- Store clindamycin capsules, granules for oral solution, and solution for use at room temperature, 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).
- Do not refrigerate the reconstituted oral solution; when chilled, the solution may thicken and be difficult to pour. The solution is stable for 2 weeks at room temperature.
- Do not use clindamycin if the original seal over the container opening is broken or missing.
- Throw away clindamycin that is no longer needed or expired (out of date). Follow FDA guidelines on how to safely dispose of unused medicine.
- Keep clindamycin and all medicines out of reach of children.
Where can I find more information about clindamycin?
More information about clindamycin is available:
- Recommendations on the HIV-related uses of clindamycin, from the Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents, prepared by the , the , and the HIV Medicine Association of the Diseases Society of America
- Clindamycin-related research studies, from the AIDSinfo database of study summaries
Last Reviewed: December 19, 2018