Hepatitis B VaccineOther Names: Engerix-B, HBV vaccine, Recombivax HB, hepatitis B vaccine, hepatitis B vaccine (recombinant) Drug Class: Opportunistic Infections and Coinfections
What is a hepatitis B vaccine?
A hepatitis B
HBV infection is an HIV-related . An opportunistic infection is an infection that occurs more frequently or is more severe in people with weakened immune systems—such as those living with HIV—than in people with healthy immune systems. To learn more about opportunistic infections, read the What is an Opportunistic Infection? fact sheet. To learn how HIV and HBV infection are connected, read the AIDSinfo HIV and Hepatitis B fact sheet.
The Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents, prepared by the(CDC), the (NIH), and the HIV Medicine Association of the Diseases Society of America (IDSA-HIVMA), includes recommendations on the use of hepatitis B vaccines in people with HIV.
What should I tell my health care provider before receiving a hepatitis B vaccine?
Before receiving aB vaccine, tell your health care provider:
- If you are allergic to yeast, any other ingredient in a hepatitis B vaccine, or any medicines. Tell your health care provider if you have ever had any reactions to a previous hepatitis B vaccine.
- About any medical conditions you have or have had, for example, or liver problems.
- If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Whether hepatitis B vaccines can harm an unborn baby is unknown, and the vaccine should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed. Talk to your health care provider about possible risks with getting a hepatitis B vaccine when pregnant.
- If you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Do not breastfeed if you have HIV.
- About other prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Hepatitis B vaccines may affect the way other medicines or products work, and other medicines or products may affect how hepatitis B vaccines work. Ask your health care provider if there are interactions between hepatitis B vaccines and the medicines you take.
Ask your health care provider about possible side effects from receiving a hepatitis B vaccine. Your health care provider will tell you what to do if you have side effects.
How is a hepatitis B vaccine given?
A health care provider gives the hepatitis B vaccine. The vaccine is injected into a muscle, usually in the arm for adults and children older than 1 year and in the thigh for infants and children younger than 1 year.
Where can I find more information about hepatitis B vaccines?
More information about hepatitis B vaccines is available:
- Recommendations on the use of hepatitis B vaccines in people living with HIV, from the Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents, prepared by CDC, NIH, and IDSA-HIVMA.
- Research studies related to hepatitis B vaccines, from the AIDSinfo database of study summaries.
Last Reviewed: September 19, 2017