Gardasil is approved for use by females and males 9 through 26 years of age. HPV causes several types of cancer, including cervical cancer and anal cancer. In people with HIV, HPV is an opportunistic infection that increases the risk of these cancers. An opportunistic infection is an infection that occurs more frequently or is more severe in people with weakened immune systems—such as those infected with HIV—than in people with healthy immune systems. To learn more about opportunistic infections, read the AIDSinfo What is an Opportunistic Infection? fact sheet.
The Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents, prepared by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA-HIVMA), includes recommendations on the use of Gardasil in HIV-infected individuals.
Before receiving Gardasil, tell your health care provider:
Ask your health care provider about possible side effects from Gardasil. Your health care provider will tell you what to do if you have side effects.
The Gardasil vaccine is a shot given by a health care provider. The vaccine is usually given in the arm muscle. Vaccination with Gardasil is usually given as a series of three vaccine shots over a 6-month period. Read any printed information that your health care provider gives you about HPV vaccines.
More information about Gardasil is available:
Last Reviewed: February 9, 2017