Human Papillomavirus Quadrivalent (Types 6, 11, 16, and 18) Vaccine, RecombinantBrand Name: Gardasil Other Names: HPV quadrivalent vaccine, HPV recombinant vaccine quadrivalent, quadrivalent HPV vaccine Drug Class: Opportunistic Infections and Coinfections
What is Gardasil?
Gardasil is aapproved by the U.S. (FDA) to help protect against the following diseases caused by (HPV):
- Vulvar and vaginal cancers
- Anal cancer
- Precancerous cervical, vaginal, vulvar, and anal lesions
Gardasil is approved for use by females and males 9 through 26 years of age. HPV causes several types of cancer, including cervical cancer and anal cancer. In people with HIV, HPV is an What is an Opportunistic Infection? fact sheet.that increases the risk of these cancers. An opportunistic infection is an infection that occurs more frequently or is more severe in people with weakened immune systems—such as those infected with HIV—than in people with healthy immune systems. To learn more about opportunistic infections, read the AIDSinfo
The Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents, prepared by the(CDC), the (NIH), and the HIV Medicine Association of the Diseases Society of America (IDSA-HIVMA), includes recommendations on the use of Gardasil in HIV-infected individuals.
What should I tell my health care provider before receiving Gardasil?
Before receiving Gardasil, tell your health care provider:
- If you are allergic to yeast, any ingredients in Gardasil (including amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfate or polysorbate 80), or any medicines. Tell your health care provider if you have ever had any reactions to a previous of the vaccine or to any other HPV vaccines.
- If you have a fever over 100°F (37.8°C).
- About any medical conditions you have or have had, for example, , problems, or immune problems such as HIV or cancer.
- If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Gardasil is not recommended for use in pregnant women. Talk to your health care provider about possible risks with receiving Gardasil when pregnant.
- If you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Do not breastfeed if you are infected with HIV.
- About other prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Gardasil may affect the way other medicines or products work, and other medicines or products may affect how Gardasil works. Ask your health care provider if there are interactions between Gardasil and the medicines you take.
Ask your health care provider about possible side effects from Gardasil. Your health care provider will tell you what to do if you have side effects.
How is Gardasil given?
The Gardasil vaccine is a shot given by a health care provider. The vaccine is usually given in the arm muscle.with Gardasil is usually given as a series of three vaccine shots over a 6-month period. Read any printed information that your health care provider gives you about HPV vaccines.
Where can I find more information about Gardasil?
More information about Gardasil is available:
- Recommendations on the use of Gardasil in people infected with HIV, from the Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents, prepared by CDC, NIH, and IDSA-HIVMA.
Last Reviewed: January 10, 2019
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