What is capreomycin?
Capreomycin is an antibacterial prescription medicine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of active tuberculosis (TB). TB is an opportunistic infection. An opportunistic infection is an infection that occurs more frequently or is more severe in people with weakened immune systems—such as those infected with HIV—than in people with healthy immune systems.
What HIV-related opportunistic infections is capreomycin used for?
The Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents, prepared by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA-HIVMA), include recommendations on the HIV-related use of capreomycin to treat active TB disease.
The above may not include all of the HIV-related uses of capreomycin recommended in the Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents. Some recommended uses, such as uses in certain rare circumstances, may have been omitted.
What should I tell my health care provider before taking capreomycin?
Before taking capreomycin, tell your health care provider:
- If you are allergic to capreomycin or any other medicines.
- About any medical conditions you have or have had, for example, diabetes or liver problems.
- About anything that could affect your ability to take medicines, such as missing a scheduled dose or any health conditions that may prevent your use of intravenous medicines.
- If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Whether capreomycin can harm an unborn baby is unknown. Capreomycin should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the unborn baby. Talk to your health care provider about possible risks with taking capreomycin when pregnant.
- If you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Do not breastfeed if you are infected with HIV.
- About other prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Capreomycin may affect the way other medicines or products work, and other medicines or products may affect how capreomycin works. Ask your health care provider if there are interactions between capreomycin and the other medicines you take.
Ask your health care provider about possible side effects from capreomycin. Your health care provider will tell you what to do if you have side effects.
How should I take capreomycin?
Take capreomycin according to your health care provider’s instructions. Your health care provider will tell you how much capreomycin to take and when to take it. Before you start capreomycin and each time you get a refill, read any printed information that comes with your medicine.
How should capreomycin be stored?
- Store unopened vials of capreomycin at room temperature, 59°F to 86°F (15°C to 30°C).
- Reconstituted capreomycin (capreomycin that has been mixed with an appropriate liquid) can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 24 hours.
- Throw away capreomycin that is no longer needed or expired (out of date). Follow FDA guidelines on how to safely dispose of unused medicine.
- Keep capreomycin and all medicines out of reach of children.
Where can I find more information about capreomycin?
More information about capreomycin is available:
Last Reviewed: September 14, 2015