SofosbuvirOther Names: SOF, Sovaldi Drug Class: Opportunistic Infections and Coinfections
What is sofosbuvir?
Sofosbuvir is an
HCV infection is an (OI) of HIV. An OI is an infection that occurs more frequently or is more severe in people with weakened immune systems—such as people with HIV—than in people with healthy immune systems. To learn more about OIs, read the What is an Opportunistic Infection? fact sheet.
To learn how HIV and HCV are connected, read the AIDSinfo HIV and Hepatitis C fact sheet. The fact sheet includes information about how HCV is spread, symptoms of HCV, and treatment options.
How is sofosbuvir used in people with HIV?
The Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents and the Hepatitis C Guidance: AASLD-IDSA Recommendations for Testing, Managing, and Treating Hepatitis C Virus both include recommendations on the use of sofosbuvir to treat HCV infection in people with HIV.
Using a medicine as indicated on the medicine label is called; using the medicine in a different way is called . Off-label use, for example, can include using a drug for a different disease or medical condition. Good medical practice and the best interests of a patient sometimes require that a medicine be used off-label.
The guidelines and the guidance include recommendations on the following uses of sofosbuvir:
- Treat chronic HCV in people with HIV
- Treat acute HCV in people with HIV
The above list may not include all of the HIV-related uses of sofosbuvir recommended in the guidelines. Some recommended uses, such as uses in certain rare circumstances, may have been omitted.
What should I tell my health care provider before taking sofosbuvir?
Before taking sofosbuvir, tell your health care provider:
- If you are allergic to sofosbuvir or any other medicines.
- About any medical conditions you have or have had, for example, kidney or problems.
- If you take a medicine called tipranavir.
- About anything that could affect your ability to take medicines, such as difficulty swallowing or remembering to take tablets.
- If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Sofosbuvir, in combination with ribavirin or with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin, may cause birth defects or death of an unborn child. Pregnant women and men whose partners are pregnant should not use these medicines. Women should not become pregnant during treatment with sofosbuvir plus ribavirin or with sofosbuvir plus peginterferon alfa and ribavirin. Two forms of effective birth control should be used to avoid pregnancy. Women should also not become pregnant for 6 months after they stop taking these medicines or for 6 months after their male partners stop taking these medicines. Talk to your health care provider about possible risks with taking sofosbuvir when pregnant.
- If you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Do not breastfeed if you have HIV.
- About other prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Sofosbuvir may affect the way other medicines or products work, and other medicines or products may affect how sofosbuvir works. Ask your health care provider if there are interactions between sofosbuvir and the other medicines you take.
How should I take sofosbuvir?
Take sofosbuvir according to your health care provider’s instructions. Your health care provider will tell you how much sofosbuvir to take and when to take it. Before you start sofosbuvir and each time you get a refill, read any printed information that comes with your medicine.
How should sofosbuvir be stored?
- Store sofosbuvir at room temperature, 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C), and always below 86°F (30°C).
- Keep sofosbuvir in the container that it came in and keep the container tightly closed. If the container has a small packet of drying agent (called a desiccant), do not remove it. The desiccant protects the medicine from moisture.
- Do not use sofosbuvir if the original seal over the container opening is broken or missing.
- Throw away sofosbuvir that is no longer needed or expired (out of date). Follow FDA guidelines on how to safely dispose of unused medicine.
- Keep sofosbuvir and all medicines out of reach of children.
Where can I find more information about sofosbuvir?
More information about sofosbuvir is available:
- Recommendations on the HIV-related use of sofosbuvir, from the Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents, prepared by the , the , and the HIV Medicine Association of the Diseases Society of America
- Recommendations on the HIV-related uses of sofosbuvir, from the Hepatitis C Guidance: AASLD-IDSA Recommendations for Testing, Managing, and Treating Adults Infected with Hepatitis C Virus, prepared by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Infectious Diseases Society of America
- Sofosbuvir-related research studies, from the AIDSinfo database of study summaries
The above Patient Version drug summary is based on the following FDA label(s): Tablet (film coated).
Last Reviewed: April 4, 2019