Drugs

UB-421

UB-421

Other Names: mAb dB4, mAb dB4C7 Drug Class: CD4 Attachment Inhibitor Registry Number: 1888475-19-1 (CAS) Organization: United Biomedical, Inc. Phase of Development: III

(Compound details obtained from ChemIDplus Advanced,1 United Biomedical, Inc. website,2 ClinicalTrials.gov,3 and Treatment Action Group HIV TB HCV Pipeline Report 20184)

What is UB-421?

What is UB-421?

UB-421 is an investigational drug that is being studied to treat HIV infection.2

UB-421 belongs to a group of HIV drugs called CD4 attachment inhibitors.3 CD4 attachment inhibitors work by attaching to a protein on the surface of the immune cells. The protein is called the CD4 receptor. When UB-421 attaches to the CD4 receptor, HIV cannot attach to, enter, or infect the cell.2 This prevents HIV from multiplying and can reduce the amount of HIV in the body.

To learn about how investigational drugs are tested during clinical trials, read the AIDSinfo What is an Investigational HIV Drug? and HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials fact sheets.

Which clinical trials are studying UB-421?

Which clinical trials are studying UB-421?

Study Name: NCT01668043 
Phase: IIa
Status: This study has been completed.
Location: Taiwan
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to look at two different doses of UB-421 monotherapy in adults with HIV who had never taken HIV medicines before. UB-421’s safety and effectiveness in lowering viral load were assessed.5

Study Name: NCT02369146 
Phase: II
Status: This study has been completed.
Location: Taiwan
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of two different doses of UB-421 monotherapy as a substitute for antiretroviral therapy (ART).6

Study Name: NCT03743376
Phase: II
Status: See the ClinicalTrials.gov record for this study’s status.
Location: Not available.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of UB-421 when used in combination with ART.7

Study Name: NCT03164447
Phase: II/III
Status: See the ClinicalTrials.gov record for this study’s status.
Location: Not available.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of UB-421 when used first with a treatment regimen that is not working, then with optimized background therapy (OBT).8

Study Name: NCT03149211 
Phase: III
Status: See the ClinicalTrials.gov record for this study’s status. 
Location: Not available.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of UB-421 monotherapy as a substitute for ART.3

For more details on the studies listed above, see the Health Professional version of this drug summary.

What side effects might UB-421 cause?

What side effects might UB-421 cause?

One goal of HIV research is to identify new drugs that have fewer side effects. The following side effects were observed in some of the studies of UB-421 listed above.

NCT01668043:
In this Phase IIa study, the most common side effects related to UB-421 were rash and hives. One participant had two serious side effects: tonsillitis and rash.5,9

NCT02369146:
In this Phase II study, the most common side effect that was possibly or probably related to UB-421 was mild or moderate skin rash, and it occurred in about 48% of participants. One participant discontinued UB-421 because of a rash. Some participants had increases in eosinophils, which are a type of disease-fighting white blood cell, and some participants had elevated liver enzyme levels.6

Because UB-421 is still being studied, information on possible side effects of the drug is not complete. As testing of UB-421 continues, additional information on possible side effects will be gathered.

Where can I get more information about clinical trials studying UB-421?

Where can I get more information about clinical trials studying UB-421?

More information about UB-421-related research studies is available from the AIDSinfo database of ClinicalTrials.gov study summaries. Click on the title of any trial in the list to see the ClinicalTrials.gov trial summary and more information about the study.

Some clinical trials may be looking for volunteer participants. Your health care provider can help you decide whether participating in a clinical trial is right for you. For more information, visit NIH Clinical Research Trials and You.

References

References

  1. United States National Library of Medicine. ChemIDplus Advanced: UB-421. https://chem.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/rn/1888475-19-1. Accessed May 28, 2019
  2. United Biomedical, Inc. UB-421. http://www.unitedbiomedical.com/Ub-421.htm. Accessed May 28, 2019
  3. United BioPharma. A Phase III, randomized, open-label, controlled trial to investigate the efficacy and safety of UB-421 monotherapy as substitution for stable antiretroviral therapy in HIV-1 infected adults. In: ClinicalTrials.gov. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Registered on May 2, 2017. NLM Identifier: NCT03149211. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03149211. Accessed May 28, 2019
  4. Horn T. The antiretroviral pipeline. Treatment Action Group HIV TB HCV Pipeline Report 2018. http://www.pipelinereport.org/2018/hiv-antiretroviral-pipeline. Accessed May 28, 2019
  5. United Biomedical. A Phase IIa, open-label, multiple-dose trial to investigate the safety and efficacy of the UB-421 in asymptomatic HIV-1 infected adults. In: ClinicalTrials.gov. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Registered on August 1, 2012. NLM Identifier: NCT01668043. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01668043. Accessed May 28, 2019
  6. United BioPharma. A Phase II, open-label, multiple-dose trial to investigate the safety and efficacy of UB-421 monotherapy in substitution for stable antiretroviral therapy in HIV infected adults. In: ClinicalTrials.gov. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Registered on February 5, 2015. NLM Identifier: NCT02369146. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02369146. Accessed May 28, 2019
  7. United BioPharma. The HIV functional cure potential of UB-421: a Phase II, randomized, open-label, controlled, 48 week, proof of concept study, to evaluate the safety of UB-421 in combination with standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) and the efficacy of HIV reservoir reduction as compared with ART alone in ART stabilized HIV-1 patients. In: ClinicalTrials.gov. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Registered on November 12, 2018. NLM Identifier: NCT03743376. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03743376. Accessed May 28, 2019
  8. United BioPharma. A multicenter, randomized, parallel-arm, 24-week study of UB-421 in combination with optimized background therapy (OBT) regimen in patients with multi-drug resistant (MDR) HIV-1 infection. In: ClinicalTrials.gov. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Registered on May 21, 2017. NLM Identifier: NCT03164447. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03164447. Accessed May 28, 2019
  9. Wang C-Y, Wong W-W, Tsai H-C, Chen Y-H, Liao M-J, Lynn S. A Phase 2 Open-Label Trial of Antibody UB-421 Monotherapy as a Substitute for HAART. Poster presented at: Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI); February 13-16, 2017; Seattle, WA. Poster 450LB. http://www.croiconference.org/sites/default/files/posters-2017/450LB_Wong.pdf. Accessed May 28, 2019

Last Reviewed: May 28, 2019