News and Features
National Native HIV/AIDS Awareness Day is March 20, 2009
"HIV/AIDS has left no segment of American society untouched. On the third annual National Native HIV/AIDS Awareness Day, we highlight the impact of this scourge on American Indians, Alaska Natives and Native Hawaiians, and we intensify our commitment to fight the HIV/AIDS epidemic in these multifaceted communities.
"Lack of access to basic health care services, stigma associated with homosexuality and HIV/AIDS, barriers to effective mental health care, and high rates of substance abuse, sexually transmitted infections and poverty all increase the risk of HIV/AIDS in native communities and create obstacles to HIV prevention and treatment."
World Tuberculosis Day is March 24th, 2009
Tuesday, March 24, marks World Tuberculosis (TB) Day, a to recognize the progress made, and challenges remaining, in the fight against TB.
"The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that TB is the cause of death for 13% of persons with AIDS...
"Overall case rates of TB in the United States are declining...The percentage of TB cases with known HIV infection also decreased from 15.0% in 2003 to 12.4% in 2006, although the percentage of TB cases with unknown HIV status increased from 28.7% in 2005 to 31.7% in 2006, which might reflect either a lack of HIV testing or incomplete reporting of HIV test results."
- Read the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections Guidelines
- Read the AIDSinfo Tuberculosis Treatment Guidelines
New NIAID Project to Study HIV-Specific Neutralizing Antibodies
"Many scientists believe a vaccine that prevents HIV infection will need to stimulate the body to make neutralizing antibodies, infection-fighting proteins that prevent HIV from entering immune cells.
"A new research endeavor has assembled a group of state-of-the-art techniques for the first time to study the phenomenon of natural antibody-mediated HIV neutralization. The project demonstrates how this system can isolate dozens of HIV-specific antibodies from a single HIV-infected individual, something never accomplished before."