News and Features
Updates to the Adult and Adolescent Opportunistic Infections Guidelines
Table 8. Summary of Pre-Clinical and Human Data on, and Indications for, Opportunistic Infection Drugs During Pregnancy in the Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in Adults and Adolescents with HIV has been updated. The Panel updated this table to include the following key changes:
- Information on several new drug combinations for hepatitis C treatment have been added, including dasabuvir/ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir, elbasvir/grazoprevir, glecaprevir/pibrentasvir, ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir, sofosbuvir/velpatasvir, and sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir. Data on the use of these new drugs in pregnancy are limited but they can be used if the benefit is felt to outweigh the potential risks. However, ribavirin is contraindicated during pregnancy so regimens including ribavirin should not be used in pregnant women.
- Information on isavuconazole, a new oral antifungal, has been added. Use in pregnancy is not recommended.
- Information on rifapentine has been added. Given malformations and fetal loss noted in animal studies, use of alternate drugs for tuberculosis treatment and prophylaxis in pregnancy are recommended.