Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in Pediatric HIV Infection
The information in the brief version is excerpted directly from the full-text guidelines. The brief version is a compilation of the tables and boxed recommendations.
Non-Nucleoside Analogue Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs)
Last Updated: April 14, 2020; Last Reviewed: April 14, 2020
|Nevirapine (NVP, Viramune)|
|Oral Suspension: 10 mg/mL
Tablets: Immediate-release 200 mg tablets; extended-release (XR) 100 mg and 400 mg tablets
|Dosing Recommendations||Selected Adverse Events|
|Note: Nevirapine (NVP) is often used to prevent perinatal transmission of HIV. See Antiretroviral Management of Newborns with Perinatal HIV Exposure or HIV Infection.
Child and Adolescent Dose:
Gestational Age of 34–37 Weeks:
Aged ≥6 Years:
Adolescent and Adult Dose:
|a NVP is usually initiated at a lower dose that is increased in a stepwise fashion. NVP induces CYP metabolizing enzymes, which results in increased drug clearance. The stepwise increase in dose decreases the occurrence of rash. Clinicians should initiate therapy with the immediate-release tablet formulation once daily instead of twice daily for the first 14 days of therapy. If there are no rashes or other AEs after 14 days of therapy, increase the dose of NVP to the age-appropriate full dose of the immediate-release tablet formulation administered twice daily. For example, the recommended oral dose for pediatric patients aged ≥1 month to <8 years is NVP 200 mg per m2 of body surface area once daily for the first 14 days, followed by NVP 200 mg per m2 of body surface area twice daily thereafter. However, in children aged ≤2 years, some experts initiate NVP without lead-in dosing (see Dosing Considerations: Lead-In Requirement and Special Considerations for Dosing: Neonates and Premature Infants below). In patients who are already receiving the full, twice-daily dose of the immediate-release tablets, extended-release tablets can be used without the lead-in period. Patients must swallow extended-release tablets whole. They must not be chewed, crushed, or divided. Patients must never take more than one form of NVP at the same time. The dose should not exceed NVP 400 mg daily.
b Severe, life-threatening, and, in rare cases, fatal hepatotoxicity, including fulminant and cholestatic hepatitis, hepatic necrosis, and hepatic failure, have occurred in patients who were taking NVP. These toxicities are less common in children than adults. The majority of cases occur during the first 12 weeks of therapy and may be associated with rash or other signs or symptoms of hypersensitivity reaction (HSR). NVP should be discontinued and not restarted in children or adults who develop symptomatic hepatitis, severe transaminase elevations, or HSRs.