Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in Pediatric HIV Infection
The information in the brief version is excerpted directly from the full-text guidelines. The brief version is a compilation of the tables and boxed recommendations.
Management of Medication Toxicity or Intolerance
Last Updated: April 16, 2019; Last Reviewed: April 16, 2019
|Adverse Effects||Associated ARVs||Onset/Clinical Manifestations||Estimated Frequency||Risk Factors||Prevention/Monitoring||Management|
||Lactic acidosis is associated with use of ddI and d4T. Cases are rare now that these NRTIs are no longer recommended.
3TC, FTC, ABC, TAF, and TDF are less likely to induce clinically significant mitochondrial dysfunction than ZDV.
|Lactate 2.1–5.0 mmol/L (Confirmed with a Second Test):
|a Blood for lactate determination should be collected, without prolonged tourniquet application or fist clenching, into a pre-chilled, gray-top, fluoride-oxalate-containing tube and transported on ice to the laboratory to be processed within 4 hours of collection.
b Management can be initiated before receiving the results of the confirmatory test.
Key to Acronyms: 3TC = lamivudine; ABC = abacavir; ARV = antiretroviral; BMI = body mass index; CD4 = CD4 T lymphocyte; d4T = stavudine; ddI= didanosine; FTC = emtricitabine; HCV = hepatitis C virus; IV = intravenous; LPV/r = lopinavir/ritonavir; NRTI = nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor; TAF = tenofovir alafenamide; TDF = tenofovir disoproxil fumarate; THAM = tris (hydroxymethyl) aminomethane; ZDV = zidovudine