Recommendations for the Use of Antiretroviral Drugs in Pregnant Women with HIV Infection and Interventions to Reduce Perinatal HIV Transmission in the United States
The information in the brief version is excerpted directly from the full-text guidelines. The brief version is a compilation of the tables and boxed recommendations.
Dolutegravir (Tivicay, DTG)
Last Updated: December 7, 2018; Last Reviewed: December 7, 2018
|Formulation||Dosing Recommendations||Use in Pregnancy|
|Standard Adult Dose
In ARV-Naive or ARV-Experienced (but Integrase Inhibitor-Naive) Patients
PK in Pregnancy:
|High placental transfer to fetus.b
No evidence of teratogenicity in mice, rats, or rabbits. Preliminary data suggest a possible increased risk of NTDs in infants born to women who initiated DTG prior to pregnancy and were receiving it at the time of conception.
Dolutegravir should not be initiated during the first trimester of pregnancy (less than 14 weeks [up to 13 6/7 weeks] gestational age by LMP.) For more information see Interim Guidance about the Use of Dolutegravir in Pregnancy in Recommendations for Use of Antiretroviral Drugs During Pregnancy.
To maximize DTG absorption, doses should not be administered within 2 hours of ingestion of any preparation containing minerals such as iron or calcium, including prenatal vitamins.
a Individual ARV drug doses may need to be adjusted in patients with renal or hepatic insufficiency (for details, see the Adult and Adolescent Guidelines, Appendix B, Table 8).
Key to Acronyms: 3TC = lamivudine; ABC = abacavir; ARV = antiretroviral; AUC = area under the curve; DTG = dolutegravir; EFV = efavirenz; FDC = fixed-dose combination; FPV/r = fosamprenavir/ritonavir; LMP = last menstrual period; NTD = neural tube defect; PK = pharmacokinetic; RPV = rilpivirine; TPV/r = tipranavir/ritonavir
- AIDSinfo Drug Database
- AIDSinfo Patient Materials: Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV
- AIDSinfo Patient Materials: HIV Medicines During Pregnancy and Childbirth
- AIDSinfo Patient Materials: Protecting Baby from HIV
- AETC National HIV Curriculum
- How to Cite These Guidelines
- Perinatal Guidelines Archive