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Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-1-Infected Adults and Adolescents

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Appendix A: Key to Acronyms

General Terms

Last Updated: July 14, 2016; Last Reviewed: July 14, 2016

General Terms
Abbreviation Full Name
17-BMP beclomethasone 17-monopropionate
Al
aluminum
ALT alanine aminotransferase
ART antiretroviral therapy
ARV antiretroviral
AST aspartate aminotransferase
AUC area under the curve
AWP average wholesale price
BID
twice daily
BMD bone mineral density
Ca
calcium
CaCO3 calcium carbonate
cap
capsule 
CCB calcium channel blockers
CD4 
CD4 T lymphocyte
CKD chronic kidney disease
Cl chloride
Cmax
maximum plasma concentration
Cmin 
minimum plasma concentration
CNS   central nervous system
CPK 
creatine phosphokinase
CrCl 
creatinine clearance
CVD
cardiovascular disease
CYP 
cytochrome P
DAAs direct-acting antivirals
DHA dihydroartemisinin
DMPA depot medroxyprogesterone acetate
EC 
enteric coated
ECG electrocardiogram
eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate
EI 
entry inhibitor
FDA Food and Drug Administration
Fe iron
GAZT azidothymidine glucuronide
GI
gastrointestinal
HBsAb hepatitis B surface antibody
HBsAg hepatits B surface antigen
HBV hepatitis B virus
HCO3 bicarbonate
HCV hepatitis C virus
HD hemodialysis
HDL high-density lipoprotein
HLA human leukocyte antigen
HMG-CoA
hydroxy-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A
HSR hypersensitivity reaction
INR
international normalized ratio
INSTI 
integrase strand transfer inhibitor
K potassium
LDL 
low-density lipoprotein
MAC
Mycobacterium avium complex
MATE multidrug and toxin extrusion transporter
Mg magnesium
MI myocardial infarction
MPA medroxyprogesterone acetate
N/A
Not Applicable
Na sodium
NNRTI 
non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
NRTI nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
OCT2
organic cation transporter 2
OH-itraconazole
active metabolite of itraconazole
PAH pulmonary arterial hypertension
PCP Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
PDE5 phosphodiesterase type 5
PI protease inhibitor
PPI proton pump inhibitor
PK pharmacokinetic
PO orally
PPI  Proton pump inhibitor
q(n)d every (n) days
q(n)h every (n) hours
QTc QT corrected for heart rate
SCr serum creatinine
SJS Stevens-Johnson syndrome
SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
STR single-tablet regimen
TB tuberculosis
TCA tricyclic anti-depressant
TEN toxic epidermal necrosis
TG triglyceride
TID three times a day
UGT1A1
uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase
VPA valproic acid
WHO World Health Organization
XR extended release
Zn Zinc

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