Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in Adults and Adolescents Living with HIV

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Appendix A: Key to Acronyms

General Terms

Last Updated: July 14, 2016; Last Reviewed: July 14, 2016

General Terms
Acronym Definition
17-BMP beclomethasone 17-monopropionate
ADAP AIDS drug assistance program
Ag/Ab antigen/antibody
Al aluminum
ALT alanine aminotransferase
ART antiretroviral therapy
ARV antiretroviral
AST aspartate aminotransferase
AUC area under the curve
AV atrioventricular
AWP average wholesale price
BID twice daily
BMD bone mineral density
BUN blood urea nitrogen
Ca calcium
CaCO3 calcium carbonate
CAPD chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
CBC complete blood count
CCB calcium channel blockers
CD4 CD4 T lymphocyte
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CKD chronic kidney disease
Cl chloride
Cmax maximum plasma concentration
Cmin minimum plasma concentration
CNS central nervous system
CPK creatine phosphokinase
Cr creatinine
CrCl creatinine clearance
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CV cardiovascular
CVD cardiovascular disease
CYP cytochrome P450
CYP3A4 cytochrome P450 3A4
DAA direct-acting antiviral
DHA dihydroartemisinin
DILI drug-induced liver injury
DMPA depot medroxyprogesterone acetate
DOT directly observed therapy
EBV Epstein-Barr virus
EC enteric coated
ECG electrocardiogram
eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate
FDA Food and Drug Administration
Fe iron
FI fusion inhibitor
GAZT azidothymidine glucuronide
GI gastrointestinal
HAD HIV-associated dementia
HAV hepatitis A virus
HBcAb hepatitis B core antibody
HBeAg hepatitis B e antigen
HBsAb hepatitis B surface antibody
HBsAg hepatitis B surface antigen
HBV hepatitis B virus
HCO3 bicarbonate
HCV hepatitis C virus
HD hemodialysis
HDL high-density lipoprotein
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HIV RNA viral load
HIV-1 human immunodeficiency virus type 1
HIV-2 human immunodeficiency virus type 2
HIVAN HIV-associated nephropathy
HLA human leukocyte antigen
HMG-CoA hydroxy-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A
HRT hormone replacement therapy
HSR hypersensitivity reaction
HTLV-1 human T-lymphotropic virus-1
INR international normalized ratio
INSTI integrase strand transfer inhibitor
IRIS immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
K potassium
KS Kaposi’s sarcoma
LDL low-density lipoprotein
LLOD lower limits of detection
MAC Mycobacterium avium complex
MATE multidrug and toxin extrusion transporte
Mg magnesium
MI myocardial infarction
MPA medroxyprogesterone acetate
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
msec millisecond
MTR multi-tablet regimen
Na sodium
NNRTI non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
NRTI nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor
OATP organic anion-transporting polypeptide
OCT2 organic cation transporter 2
OH-itraconazole active metabolite of itraconazole
OI opportunistic infections
PAH pulmonary arterial hypertension
PCP Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PDE5 phosphodiesterase type 5
PI protease inhibitor
PI/c cobicistat-boosted protease inhibitor
PI/r ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor
PK pharmacokinetic
PO orally
PPI proton pump inhibitor
PR protease
PrEP pre-exposure prophylaxis
PTH parathyroid hormone
q(n)d every (n) days
q(n)h every (n) hours
QTc QT corrected for heart rate
RNA ribonucleic acid
RT reverse transcriptase
SCr serum creatinine
SJS Stevens-Johnson syndrome
SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
STI sexually transmitted infection
STR single-tablet regimen
TB tuberculosis
TCA tricyclic antidepressant
TdP Torsades de Pointes
TEN toxic epidermal necrosis
TG triglyceride
TID three times a day
UGT uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase
VPA valproic acid
WHO World Health Organization
XR extended release
Zn zinc

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