Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents

Invasive Mycoses

Introduction

Last Updated: December 22, 2015; Last Reviewed: December 22, 2015

The fungal infections to be discussed in this section include cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, and coccidioidomycosis. Candidiasis and pneumocystosis are discussed in other sections of this document. Blastomycosis, penicilliosis, and paracoccidioidomycosis are not discussed because their current incidence as opportunistic infections among patients with HIV-1 infection in the United States is very low. In addition, aspergillosis is no longer addressed in these guidelines because of the low incidence of this mycosis among HIV-infected persons without other underlying risk factors and the management of aspergillosis is otherwise similar to that in persons with other immunodeficiencies.

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