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NIH-Sponsored Study Stopped: New Drug Does Not Control AIDS-Related Eye Disease

Date: August 15, 1996
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Author: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Researchers have stopped patient enrollment and treatment in a study designed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a new drug to treat a blinding eye infection common in people with AIDS. The drug, MSL 109 (Protovir), did not slow the progression of CMV retinitis, the eye infection, in a clinical trial sponsored by the National Eye Institute (NEI) of the National Institutes of Health.

At the time the study was stopped, 209 of the 325 patients planned for the study had been treated. Of those, approximately 40% were newly diagnosed with CMV retinitis and 60% had previously been diagnosed with, and treated for, the disease. The patients were randomized to receive either MSL 109 or a placebo.

The investigators decided to terminate enrollment and treatment following the recommendation of an independent data and safety monitoring board. The recommendation was based on the lack of evidence of efficacy of MSL 109 for the treatment of CMV retinitis. The median time to progression of disease was 65 days in the group treated with MSL 109 and 66 days in the group taking the placebo.

In addition, study results suggest that patients with recurrent CMV retinitis who were taking the new drug had a higher mortality rate than similar patients taking a placebo. However, the meaning of this mortality difference was unclear because among this same group of study patients there was a lower than expected mortality rate in those given the placebo. The mortality difference was not observed in patients with newly-diagnosed CMV retinitis.

These results highlight the importance of conducting clinical trials to evaluate new therapies," said Carl Kupfer, M.D., National Eye Institute director. Up to 40 percent of people with AIDS develop CMV retinitis, which is caused by an organism called cytomegalovirus (CMV). Untreated, the disease destroys the retina, the light-sensing tissue that lines the back of the eye and is crucial for vision. People with AIDS are among those most vulnerable to CMV, because their weakened immune systems are unable to resist potentially harmful organisms. Most people have been exposed to CMV, but their healthy immune systems do not allow infections to develop.

The Monoclonal Antibody CMV Retinitis Trial (MACRT), a nationwide, randomized, placebo-controlled study, tested MSL 109, a drug that mimics the body's natural reaction to a foreign organism by acting like antibodies that are produced normally in healthy humans. MSL 109 mimics the body's antibody to the CMV virus. Patients in the study received either MSL 109 or a placebo as supplementary therapy to their primary treatment for CMV retinitis. The purpose of the study was to see if the supplementary therapy would keep the disease from spreading for a longer time period than their primary treatment alone. A list of centers that participated in the study is attached.

The National Eye Institute is the Federal government's lead agency for vision research, and supports more than 80 percent of such research conducted in the United States. The MACRT study is part of a collaborative research group, Studies of the Ocular Complications of AIDS (SOCA), which was established through the National Institutes of Health. The SOCA study of MSL 109 was performed with funding from the National Eye Institute and Protein Design Labs, Inc., in collaboration with the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases' AIDS Clinical Trials Group.

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Participating Clinical Centers Monoclonal Antibody CMV-Retinitis Trial

  • Gary N. Holland, M.D. Jules Stein Eye Institute University of California, Los Angeles (310) 825-9508
  • William R. Freeman, M.D. Shiley Eye Center University of California, San Diego (619) 534-3513
  • James O'Donnell, M.D. Beckman Vision Center University of California, San Francisco (415) 476-1921
  • Janet Davis, M.D. Bascom Palmer Eye Institute University of Miami (305) 326-6377
  • Peter R. Pavan, M.D. University of South Florida Tampa (813) 974-1530
  • Daniel F. Martin, M.D. The Emory Eye Clinic Emory University Atlanta (404) 778-4815
  • David V. Weinberg, M.D. Department of Ophthalmology Northwestern University Chicago (312) 908-8152
  • Bruce A. Barron, M.D. LSU Eye Center Louisiana State University Medical Center New Orleans (504) 568-6700 ext. 307
  • James P. Dunn, M.D. The Wilmer Ophthalmological Institute The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Baltimore (410) 955-2966
New Jersey
  • Ronald Rescigno, M.D. UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School Newark (201) 982-2065
New York
  • Murk-Hein Heinemann, M.D. New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center (212) 746-2483
  • Alan H. Friedman, M.D. Mount Sinai School of Medicine New York City (212) 241-6241
  • Dorothy Friedberg, M.D. New York University Medical Center New York (212) 687-0265
North Carolina
  • Charles van der Horst, M.D. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (919) 966-2536
  • Richard Alan Lewis, M.D. Cullen Eye Institute Baylor College of Medicine Houston (713) 798-6100
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Resource Centers:
  • Chairman's Office Douglas A. Jabs, M.D. The Wilmer Ophthalmological Institute The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Baltimore, Maryland (410) 955-1966

Coordinating Center:

  • Curtis L. Meinert, Ph.D. School of Hygiene and Public Health The Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, Baltimore (410) 955-8198
  • Fundus Photograph Reading Center Matthew D. Davis, M.D. Department of Ophthalmology University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin (608) 263-6071

Drug Distribution Center:

  • Mark Walls, R.Ph. McKessan BioServices Rockville, Maryland (301) 762-0069

Central Laboratories/Repository:

  • Richard B. Pollard, M.D. University of Texas Medical Branch Galveston, Texas (409) 772-4979
  • Colin Jordan, M.D. Division of Infectious Diseases University of Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota (612) 624-9996

NEI Representative:

  • Natalie Kurinij, Ph.D. National Eye Institute (301) 496-5983