The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) has the lead responsibility within the National Institutes of Health for the discovery and development of interventions to treat or prevent HIV infection and its complications in adults and children. In keeping with this mission, the Institute's research effort encompasses primary HIV disease, opportunistic infections, oncology and neurology. There is also a comprehensive HIV research program that focuses on identifying and improving interventions for the prevention of HIV infection and its sequelae in infants.
NIAID's extensive portfolio of clinical research on new HIV therapeutics includes studies conducted through several multicenter clinical trials networks and within its intramural facilities in the Clinical Center in Bethesda. Although each network has distinct capabilities, the research is very much intertwined and, taken together, represents the largest AIDS therapy research initiative in the world. These networks serve a large patient base and provide extensive clinical expertise and sophisticated laboratory capabilities, thereby giving NIAID an extraordinary ability to assess state-of-the-art therapies and further our understanding of HIV pathogenesis.
The extramural clinical trials networks supported by NIAID's Division of AIDS include: the Adult AIDS Clinical Trials Group (AACTG), the Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group (PACTG), the Terry Beirn Community Programs for Clinical Research on AIDS (CPCRA) and the Strategic Program for Innovative Research on AIDS (SPIRAT). The Adult and Pediatric ACTGs are multicenter cooperative clinical trials groups involved in all phases of clinical research, from early safety studies to large-scale efficacy trials; they evaluate new drugs and drug combinations for the treatment of HIV infection in adults and children, respectively. The PACTG also evaluates regimens for the prevention of maternal-fetal HIV transmission. The CPCRA is based mainly in primary care settings and principally conducts large (clinical endpoint) studies. The SPIRAT integrates both clinical and preclinical research focused on innovative therapeutic approaches, such as immune system restoration, DNA-based therapeutic vaccines and gene therapy.
Scientists in NIAID's Division of Intramural Research focus primarily on intensive clinical/laboratory investigations involving novel agents or modalities.
The clinical research conducted by investigators in these networks has yielded valuable information that has provided the basis for much of the current state-of-the-art treatment for HIV disease. For example, NIAID-supported clinical trials have:
NIAID's pediatric clinical research effort has significantly advanced the treatment and prevention of HIV infection in infants and children. Through clinical trials, NIAID has:
Over the next several years, NIAID research will continue to define the standard of care for HIV-infected people of all ages. Particular emphasis will be placed on the use of combination regimens with protease inhibitors.
For More Information About Clinical Trials
For further information about any NIAID-supported clinical trials, call 1-800-TRIALS-A (1-800-243-7012 TTY/TDD) weekdays from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. Eastern Time, or visit the web site at http://www.actis.org or http://www.hivatis.org. For further information about clinical trials conducted by the NIAID DIR AIDS program, call 1-800-243-7644 weekdays from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Eastern Time.
NIAID, a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), supports research on AIDS, tuberculosis and other infectious diseases, as well as allergies and immunology. NIH is an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.Prepared by: