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HIV/AIDS Glossary

Prevention of Perinatal Transmission

Synonym(s): Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT)

Strategies used to prevent the spread (transmission) of HIV from an HIV-infected mother to her child during pregnancy, during labor and delivery, or by breastfeeding (through breast milk). Strategies include antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis for the mother during pregnancy and labor and delivery, scheduled cesarean delivery, ARV prophylaxis for the newborn infant, and avoidance of breastfeeding.

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