HIV/AIDS Glossary

Prevention of Perinatal Transmission

Synonym(s): Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT)

Strategies used to prevent the spread (transmission) of HIV from a mother to her child during pregnancy, labor and delivery, or by breastfeeding (through breast milk). Strategies include antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis for the mother during pregnancy and labor and delivery, scheduled cesarean delivery, ARV prophylaxis for the newborn infant, and avoidance of breastfeeding.

Related Term(s): Perinatal Transmission, Transmission

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