HIV/AIDS Glossary

Shigellosis

An enteric (intestinal) infection caused by a group of bacteria called Shigella. Shigella bacteria are typically transmitted through contact with contaminated human feces. Symptoms usually include watery or bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, and fever. Certain bacterial enteric infections, including shigellosis, occur at a much higher rate in people with HIV than in people with healthy immune systems.

Related Term(s): Opportunistic Infection

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