Preconception Counseling and Care
Ongoing education, care, and treatment to improve the health of a woman before pregnancy. Preconception counseling and care involves identifying and managing conditions and behaviors that could put the woman or her child at risk. For women with HIV, this includes counseling on the risks and benefits of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV and to protect the women’s health. Preconception counseling may include advising a male partner with HIV on how to prevent HIV transmission to a female partner before and during pregnancy.