HIV/AIDS Glossary

Tuberculosis (TB)

An infection caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis. Tuberculosis (TB) is spread when a person with an active infection (TB disease) coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings, and then a person nearby breathes in the bacteria. TB usually affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body, such as the kidneys, spine, and brain. There are two forms of TB: latent TB infection and TB disease. In people with HIV, TB is considered an AIDS-defining condition.

 

Related Term(s): AIDS-Defining Condition, Tuberculin Skin Test, Tuberculosis Disease

Search the Glossary

What's this?

Print

AIDSinfo Glossary App

Download Glossary