HIV/AIDS Glossary

Mother-to-Child Transmission (MTCT)

Synonym(s): Maternal-Child Transmission, Perinatal Transmission

When an HIV-infected mother passes HIV to her infant during pregnancy, labor and delivery, or breastfeeding (through breast milk). Antiretroviral (ARV) drugs are given to HIV-infected women during pregnancy and to their infants after birth to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. ARV drugs also protect the health of HIV-infected women during pregnancy and after delivery.

Related Term(s): Prevention of Perinatal Transmission


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HIV transmission from mother to baby

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