March 10, 2010
March 10 is the fifth annual observance of National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day (NWGHAAD). NWGHAAD is a nationwide initiative coordinated by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office on Women's Health (OWH) to raise awareness of the impact of HIV/AIDS on women and girls.
According to the latest surveillance data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in the 53 areas with confidential name-based reporting, females accounted for 23% of reported cases of HIV infection in 2007. From 2004 through 2007, the estimated number of newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases increased approximately 8% among females.
Each year, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of AIDS Research (OAR) develops a Trans-NIH Plan for HIV-Related Research. The 2010 Plan includes the following areas for HIV-related research focused on women and girls:
1. Studies to determine how HIV is transmitted in women and girls
2. Research to develop effective biomedical prevention interventions for females including vaccines and microbicides
3. Research to develop behavioral interventions that address female-specific dynamics related to HIV transmission and progression
4. Studies of the biology of HIV disease in women and girls
5. Research to identify the best treatment strategies for females
6. Research on the biological, psychological, social, and economic consequences of HIV/AIDS on women and girls
7. Studies on the factors that influence women and girls’ access to and experience of HIV-related research and services
8. Research, training, and education on HIV-related ethical issues affecting women and girls
The theme of the 2010 observance day is "Every 35 minutes a woman tests positive for HIV in the United States. It's time to get tested.” Organizations across the country are encouraged to celebrate NWGHAAD by educating women and girls about HIV prevention, the importance of testing, and how those infected with HIV can lead healthy lives.
AIDSinfo provides the following links to help you learn more about NWGHAAD and find information on HIV treatment, research, and prevention, including information specific to women and girls. Also included on this page are links to related information from AIDSinfo.