June 8, 2010
June 8 is the fifth annual observance of National Caribbean American HIV/AIDS Awareness Day. The day is dedicated to educating Caribbean Americans about HIV/AIDS, making resources for testing and treatment available to them, and providing them with opportunities for involvement.
According to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), the Caribbean has been more affected by HIV than any region outside sub-Saharan Africa. The region has the second highest level of adult HIV prevalence (1.0%).
Each year, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of AIDS Research (OAR) develops a Trans-NIH Plan for HIV-Related Research. Chapter 5 of the 2010 Plan includes the following areas of HIV-related research focused on racial and ethnic populations:
- Develop and conduct research on population-specific factors that influence risk of HIV
- Develop population-specific interventions focusing on individual, community, and sociocultural factors as well as biological susceptibility
- Develop and test methods and measures to assess HIV risk in populations at highest risk of HIV infection
- Support research that examines factors affecting HIV risk behavior, acquisition, transmission, and resistance among people at the highest risk of HIV infection within racial and ethnic minority communities