March 10, 2011
March 10, 2011, is the sixth annual observance of National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day. The purpose of this annual observance is to increase awareness of HIV/AIDS among women and girls.
According to the 2009 HIV Surveillance Report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in the 40 states with confidential name-based HIV reporting, females accounted for 24% of all diagnoses of HIV infection and 25% of all diagnoses of AIDS in 2009. From 2006 through 2009, the rate of females newly diagnosed with HIV decreased and the rate of females newly diagnosed with AIDS decreased.
Each year, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of AIDS Research (OAR) develops a Trans-NIH Plan for HIV-Related Research. The “Reducing HIV-Related Disparities” section of the 2011 Plan includes the following goals related to research on HIV in women and girls:
- Examine the biologic determinants of HIV transmission and define the mechanisms by which immune factors influence HIV transmission, acquisition, and resistance to infection in nonpregnant and pregnant women and girls
- Conduct and support research on preventing HIV and other sexually transmitted infection (STI) transmission, acquisition, and resistance to treatment in pregnant and nonpregnant, HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected women and girls
- Study the biology of HIV infection in pregnant and nonpregnant women and girls across the life cycle, including the viral life cycle, disease progression, clinical manifestations, coinfections, sexual dimorphism, and other conditions
- Conduct research on the diagnosis, care, and treatment of HIV-infected women and girls during all stages of life, with a particular emphasis on vulnerable and marginalized populations, including adolescents and racial and ethnic minorities
- Conduct and support research, training, and education on ethical issues that affect the access to and participation of women and girls in HIV/AIDS-related research