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HIV/AIDS Awareness Days

HIV Vaccine Awareness Day

May 18, 2011

May 18 is the 14th annual observance of HIV Vaccine Awareness Day. This day provides an opportunity to recognize the volunteers, community members, health professionals, and scientists working together toward finding an HIV vaccine. This day is also an opportunity to educate communities across the United States about the importance of HIV vaccine research.

Two types of HIV vaccine candidates are currently being studied in clinical trials. Therapeutic HIV vaccine candidates are designed to treat HIV-infected people. Preventive HIV vaccine candidates are designed to prevent HIV infection in people who do not already have HIV. Even though no HIV vaccines are currently available or approved by the Food and Drug Administration, significant research is under way to develop an effective vaccine.

Each year, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of AIDS Research (OAR) develops a Trans-NIH Plan for HIV-Related Research. The Reducing New Infections section of the 2011 Plan includes the following goals related to HIV vaccine research:

  • Increase scientific knowledge through basic research on protective immune responses and host defenses against HIV to facilitate the development of vaccines and other interventions to prevent and/or control HIV infection
  • Design vaccine components and delivery methods that elicit long-lasting protective immune responses to HIV; facilitate development and preclinical evaluation of vaccine strategies in laboratory studies and animal models; and foster collaboration between academicians, government and nongovernment organizations, and industry in the research and development of candidate vaccines, including vaccines for particular populations such as breastfeeding infants, adolescents, and women
  • Identify mechanisms of protective immunity to HIV in newborns and infants and support the development of study designs for vaccine strategies and passive immune interventions for preventing or controlling HIV infection in this population
  • Conduct Phase I, II, and III clinical trials for safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy with candidate HIV vaccines or concepts in domestic and international settings
  • Develop strategies, infrastructure, and collaborations with researchers, communities, government and nongovernment organizations, and industry to ensure adequate performance of HIV vaccine trials, while balancing the prevention needs for at-risk populations; identify domestic and foreign populations; and perform research to define seroincidence and viral subtypes and to determine and optimize feasibility of vaccine studies in appropriate populations
The links on this page provide information about HIV Vaccine Awareness Day and resources about preventive and therapeutic HIV vaccines.

HIV Vaccine Research

FY 2011 Trans-NIH Plan for HIV-Related Research: Comprehensive plan for all NIH HIV-related research for 2011, from OAR, NIH. The Reducing New Infections section of the 2011 Plan includes information on vaccine research.

Clinical Trials about HIV Vaccines: Studies seeking volunteers to participate in clinical research, provided by the AIDSinfo clinical trial search.

To help narrow your search for clinical trials, Live Chat, a service of AIDSinfo, is available to provide one-on-one assistance via the Internet. Assistance from AIDSinfo is also available by calling 800-448-0440.

Published Research about HIV Vaccines: Research results pertaining to HIV vaccines, from Antibodies Help Protect Monkeys from HIV-Like Virus, NIH Scientists Show, May 5, 2011, from NIAID.

HIV Vaccine Resources

The Dale and Betty Bumpers Vaccine Research Center (VRC): NIAID facility that conducts research focused on facilitating the development of effective vaccines for human disease. The primary focus of research at the VRC is the development of HIV vaccine candidates.

NIAID Information on HIV/AIDS Vaccine Candidates: Information and news on the development of HIV vaccine candidates.

HVTN Web Site: International collaboration of scientists and educators searching for an effective and safe preventive HIV vaccine.

U.S. Military HIV Research Program (MHRP): MHRP works to protect U.S. troops from HIV infection and reduce the global impact of the disease. Its primary focus is developing a globally effective HIV-1 vaccine.

The Global HIV Vaccine Enterprise: An alliance of independent organizations from around the world dedicated to accelerating the development of an HIV vaccine.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) HIV Vaccine Research: Information about HIV vaccine research conducted by the CDC.

HIV Vaccine-Related Videos

The following videos highlight HIV Vaccine Awareness Day and HIV vaccine research:     

AIDSinfo Resources

AIDSinfo and its Spanish-language companion Web site, infoSIDA, provide HIV/AIDS treatment and research information in both English and Spanish: 

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